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Detailed record for Egerton 1066

Title Psalter (the 'Egerton Psalter'), with calendar, Office of the Dead (imperfect), litany, and prayers
Origin England, E. (East Anglia)
Date c. 1270 - c. 1290
Language Latin
Script Gothic, written above top line
Decoration 1 full-page miniature divided into two registers in colours and gold (f. 10v). 1 full-page miniature excised (an offset visible, f. 9v). 9 historiated initials on gold grounds at the liturgical divisions and at Psalm 51 (ff. 11, 25v, 34v, 42v, 43, 51v, 62v, 72, 83). 12 large 'KL' letters in gold with blue penwork decoration (ff. 3-8v). 1 large initial in gold on a red and blue background at the start of the Canticles (f. 104). Large and small initials in red with penwork decoration in blue, or in blue with red penwork decoration. Small initials in gold with red penwork decoration. Small initials in red. Line fillers and marginal drawings in red and/or blue of fish, beakheads, animals, heads, and hybrids.
Dimensions in mm 300 x 190 (200 x 140)
Official foliation ff. 119 ( + 2 unfoliated paper flyleaves at the beginning and at the end)
Collation i 10-2 + 2 (2 leaves excised after f. 9, and 2 added before f. 3) (ff. 3-10); ii-ix12 (ff. 11-106); remainder uncertain (ff. 107-119)
Form Parchment codex
Binding Post-1600. Red velvet; gilt edges; bound by C. Kalthoeber, London, with his ticket (f. [i]verso).
Provenance Perhaps made for someone in the diocese of Norwich: the highly-graded inclusion of Felix of Dunwich in the calendar for 8 March (f. 4); contemporary flyleaves of fragments from a missal (ff. 2, 117).
Added life of Eustace in French in 14th-century Gothic script (ff. 118-119); added flyleaf with text in 14th-century Gothic script (f. 1).
East Anglian ownership: 14th-century addition to the calendar of the dedication of Norwich Cathedral, on 24 September (f. 7).
Numerous additional inscriptions (f. 117v).
William Pepyr, vicar of Metyngham in 1377: added inscriptions of obits in the calendar: inscription 'Ex dono Willielmi Pepyr quondam vicari de metyngham . . .' (f. 7).
Added inscriptions of obits in the calendar: John de Holebrook, 1309 (f. 3v); John, son of John de Holebrook (f. 5); Petronilla de Holebrook (f. 6).
Added inscriptions of obits in the calendar: John King, 1589 (f. 3); Richard King, 1567 (f. 4); Joan King, wife of John King, 1598 (f. 5v).
Francis Blomefield (b. 1705, d. 1752), topographical historian and Church of England clergyman: inscription 'Fran: Blomfield Coll: Gon: Caij Camb: 175 [5?] [to which has been added] nuper de Fersfield Com: Norf' (f. 2).; his note dated 1725 that the manuscript came from the collegiate church of Mettingham (Suffolk) (f. 9); his book-plate 'Francis Blomefield, Rector of Fersfield in Norfolk, 1736' (f. 10).
Bought by the British Museum from Payne + Foss, 14 May 1844, using the Bridgewater fund (12,000 bequeathed in 1829 by Francis Henry Egerton, 8th Earl of Bridgewater (b. 1756, d. 1829)
Notes The missing miniature appears to have depicted a person kneeling at the foot of an enthroned figure.
Select bibliography Catalogue of Additions to the Manuscripts in the British Museum in the Years 1841-1845 (London: British Museum, 1850), 1844, p. 154.

Walter de Gray Birch and Henry Jenner, Early Drawings and Illuminations: An Introduction to the Study of Illustrated Manuscripts (London: Bagster and Sons, 1879), p. 8.

M. R. James, Catalogue of Manuscripts in the Fitzwilliam Museum (Cambridge, 1895), pl. 99.

A Guide to the Exhibition of Some Part of the Egerton Collection of Manuscripts in the British Museum (London, 1929), no. 10.

Medieval Libraries of Great Britain: A List of Surviving Books, ed. by N. R. Ker, 2nd edn, Royal Historical Society Guides and Handbooks, 3 (London: Royal Historical Society, 1964), p. 131.

Nigel Morgan, Early Gothic Manuscripts, 2 vols, A Survey of Manuscripts Illuminated in the British Isles, 4 (London Harvey Miller, 1982-1988), II: 1250-1285, no. 182, pls 393, 394 [with additional bibliography].


Images
* * *
 
February

f. 3v
February
Saints

f. 10v
Saints
David; The Annunciation

f. 11
David; The Annunciation
 
The Visitation

f. 25v
The Visitation
Mary nursing; Job

f. 34v
Mary nursing; Job
The Annunciation to the Shepherds

f. 43
The Annunciation to the Shepherds
 
Jacob wrestling with the angel

f. 62v
Jacob wrestling with the angel
Monks; Christ teaching

f. 72
Monks; Christ teaching
The Trinity

f. 83
The Trinity
 
Decorated initials

f. 113v
Decorated initials

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