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Detailed record for Royal 1 D I

Title Bible, with the Interpretation of Hebrew names (The 'Bible of William of Devon')
Origin England
Date 3rd quarter of the 13th century
Language Latin
Script Gothic, written below top line
Scribe William of Devon
Decoration 2 miniatures in colours and gold (ff. 4v, 231v). 83 historiated initials in colours and gold, at the beginning of all biblical books, and foliate initials in colours and gold, at the beginning of prologues, all with bar extensions in the margins with grotesque decoration including birds, animals, human figures, and hybrids, sometimes forming full or partial borders (e.g., f. 5). Initials in blue with gold and blue, and red pen-flourishing. Running titles and chapter numbers alternately in red or blue with red and blue pen-flourishing and gold. Some rubrics and paragraphs written in gold (e.g., f. 292).
Dimensions in mm 315 x 205 (200 x 120), in two columns
Official foliation ff. 582 (+ 1 unfoliated medieval parchment flyleaf at the beginning, and 1 unfoliated modern parchment flyleaf at the beginning and at the end)
Form Parchment codex
Binding Post-1600. Purple velvet with silver-gilt centre pieces and corners, and title on a slip of parchment attached to the cover; gilt and gauffered edges.
Provenance Written by William of Devon: his colophon, 'Will[elmu]s devoniensis scripsit istum / librum/' (f. 540v).
The Old Royal Library (the English Royal Library): Westminster inventory number 'no. 972' (f. 1), included in the inventory of books in the Upper Library at Westminster of 1542.
Presented to the British Museum by George II in 1757 as part of the Old Royal Library.
Notes Associated with a group of manuscripts (the 'William of Devon group'): Blackburn, Museum and Art Gallery, Ms. 091.21001, Egerton 1151, Pierpont Morgan Library, Ms M. 756, Cambridge, Emmanuel College, Ms 116 (2.I.6), Bodleian Library MS Auct. D. I. 17, Royal I. E. II, Oxford, Corpus Christi College MS I, and Oxford, New College MS 306, influenced by Parisian illumination in style and iconography (see Bennett, 'William of Devon Group' (1972), pp. 31-33 and Temple, 'Further Additions' (1984), p. 344). According to Branner (Branner 1972, pp. 24-30), the William of Devon group were originally part of the Parisian Johannes Grusch workshop.
Includes the Interpretation of Hebrew names (ff. 541-582).
Notes for rubrics (e.g., f. 391v), running titles, and guide numbers for chapter numbers.
Select bibliography Gustav Friedrich Waagen, Treasures of Art in Great Britain, 3 vols (London: John Murray, 1854; reprinted London: Routledge/Thoemmes Press, 2003), I, 161-62.

W. R. Tymms and M. D. Wyatt, The Art of Illuminating as Practised in Europe from the Earliest Times (London: Day and Sons, 1860; repr. Studio Editions, 1987), pl. XIII.5.

Walter de Gray Birch and Henry Jenner, Early Drawings and Illuminations: An Introduction to the Study of Illustrated Manuscripts (London: Bagster and Sons, 1879), p. 5.

J. W. Bradley, A Dictionary of Miniaturists, Illuminators, Calligraphers, and Copyists, 3 vols (London: Bernard Quaritch, 1887-89), I, p. 282.

E. Maunde Thompson, English Illuminated Manuscripts (London: Kegan Paul, 1895), pp. 36-38, pl. II.

E. Maunde Thompson, 'English Illuminated Manuscripts from the Twelfth to the Fourteenth Century', Bibliographica, 1 (1895), 394-96, pl. XIX.

E. Maunde Thompson, 'The Grotesque and the Humorous in Illuminations of the Middle Ages', Bibliographica, 2 (1896), 319-20, fig. 4.

Frederic G. Kenyon, Facsimiles of Biblical Manuscripts in the British Museum (London, 1900), no. XIX.

George F. Warner, Illuminated Manuscripts in the British Museum: Miniatures, Borders, and Initials Reproduced in Gold and Colours (London, 1899-1903), pl. 20.

Bertold Georg Vitzthum, Die Pariser Miniaturmalerei von der Zeit des hl. Ludwig bis zu Philipp von Valois und ihr Verhältnis zur Malerei in Nordwesteuropa (Leipzig, 1907), p. 91.

British Museum Bible Exhibition 1911: Guide to the Manuscripts and Printed Books exhibited in Celebration of the Tercentenary of the Authorized Version (London: British Museum, 1911), no. 17.

J. A. Herbert, Illuminated Manuscripts (London: Methuen, 1911), p. 183, pl. xxiii.

Schools of Illumination: Reproductions from Manuscripts in the British Museum, 6 vols (London: British Museum, 1914-1930), II: English 12th and 13th Centuries (1915), pl. 9.

George F. Warner and Julius P. Gilson, Catalogue of Western Manuscripts in the Old Royal and King’s Collections, 4 vols (London: British Museum, 1921), I, p. 15.

British Museum: Reproductions from Illuminated Manuscripts, Series 2, 3rd ed. by John Alexander Herbert (London: British Museum, 1923), pl. 10.

Eric G. Millar, English Illuminated Manuscripts from the Xth to the XIIIth Century (Paris: Van Oest, 1926), pl. 77.

Elfrida O. Saunders, English Illumination, 2 vols (Florence: Pantheon, 1928), I, p. 73, II, pl. 76.

Guide to an Exhibition of English Art gathered from Various Departments and held in the Prints and Drawings Gallery (London: British Museum, 1934), no. 112.

Peter Brieger, English Art 1216-1307, Oxford History of English Art, 4 (Oxford: The Clarendon Press, 1957), pp. 157-58, 213, 218, 223, pl. 66a.

Margaret Rickert, Painting in Britain: the Middle Ages, 2nd ed. (London: Penguin Books, 1965), pp. 103-04, pl. 105.

Derek Howard Turner, Early Gothic Illuminated Manuscripts in England (London: British Museum, 1965), p. 14, pl. 4.

Lilian M.C. Randall, Images in the Margins of Gothic Manuscripts (Berkeley: California University Press, 1966), fig. 125.

Colophons de manuscrits occidentaux des origines aux XVIe siècle, 7 vols (Fribourg Suisse: Editions Universitaires, 1979), II, no. 5866.

Bruce Watson, 'The Place of the Cuerden Psalter in English Illumination', Gesta, 9 (1970), 34-41 (pp. 37-40, figs 7, 11).

Francis Klingender, Animals in Art and Thought to the End of the Middle Ages, ed. by Evelyn Antal and John Harthan (London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1971), p. 400, pl. 234.

Adelaide L. Bennett, 'Additions to the William of Devon Group', Art Bulletin, 54 (1972), 31-40 (pp. 31-33, 37, figs 2, 3, 9, 12).

Robert Branner, 'The Johannes Grusch Atelier and the Continental Origins of the William of Devon Painter', Art Bulletin, 54 (1972), 24-30 (pp. 24, 26, fig. 2).

Philippe Verdier, Peter Brieger, Marie Farquhar, Art and the Courts: France and England from 1259 to 1328, The National Gallery of Canada, 27 April-2 July 1972 (Ottawa: National Galley of Canada, 1972), p. 55, fig. 46.

Adelaide L. Bennett, 'The Place of Garrett 28 in Thirteenth-century English Illumination' (unpublished doctoral dissertation, New York: Columbia University, 1973), pp. 110, 111, 141, 148, 149, 154, 155, 174, 287.

Elzbieta Temple, 'Further Additions to the William of Devon Group', Bodleian Library Record, 2 (1984), 344-48 (pp. 344, 346, fig. 4).

J. J. G. Alexander and E. Temple, Illuminated Manuscripts in Oxford College Libraries, the University Archives and the Taylor Institution (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1985), p. 23.

Adelaide L. Bennett, 'A Late Thirteenth-century Psalter-Hours from London', in England in the Thirteenth Century: Proceedings of the 1984 Harlaxton Symposium, ed. by W. M. Ormrod (Woodbridge: Boydell, 1986), pp. 15-30 (p. 24).

Nigel Morgan, Early Gothic Manuscripts, 2 vols, A Survey of Manuscripts Illuminated in the British Isles, 4 (London Harvey Miller, 1982-1988), II: 1250-1285, no. 159.

Janet Backhouse, The Illuminated Page: Ten Centuries of Manuscript Painting in the British Library (London: The British Library, 1997), no. 68.

The Libraries of King Henry VIII, ed. by J. P. Carley, Corpus of British Medieval Library Catalogues, 7 (London: The British Library, 2000), H2.972.

John Higgitt, The Murthly Hours: Devotion, Literacy and Luxury in Paris, England and the Gaelic West (London: British Library, 2000), pp. 121, 122, 202, 224.

John Lowden, The Making of the Bibles Moralisées, 2 vols (University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press, 2000), I: The Manuscripts, p. 204.

Alixe Bovey, Monsters and Grotesques in Medieval Manuscripts (London: British Library, 2002), pp. 45-46, pl. 39.

Justin Clegg, The Medieval Church in Manuscripts (London: British Library, 2003), p. 26, pl. 21.

Paul Binski, Becket’s Crown: Art and Imagination in Gothic England 1170-1300 (New Haven: Yale University Press, 2004), pl.188.

Michaela Braesel, ‘The Influence of Medieval Illuminated Manuscripts on the Pre-Raphaelites and the Early Poetry of William Morris’, Journal of William Morris Studies, 15.4 (2004), 41-54 (p. 52 n. 19).

James P. Carley, The Books of King Henry VIII and His Wives, preface by David Starkey (London: British Library, 2004), pl. 12.

The Cambridge Illuminations: Ten Centuries of Book Production in the Medieval West, ed. By Paul Binski and Stella Panayotova (London: Harvey Miller, 2005), p. 101.

M. A. Michael, 'Urban production of manuscript books and the role of the university towns', in The Cambridge History of the Book in Britain (Cambridge: University Press, 1999- ), II: 1100-1400, ed. By Nigel Morgan and Rodney M. Thomson (2008), pp. 168-94 (p. 179).

St Augustine's Abbey, Canterbury, ed. By B. C. Barker-Benfield, Corpus of British Medieval Library Catalogues, 13, 3 vols (London: British Library, 2008), pp. cii, n. 103, 372, 1830-31.

Royal Manuscripts: The Genius of Illumination (London: British Library, 2011), no. 15 [exhibition catalogue].

Scot McKendrick, John Lowden, and Kathleen Doyle, Royal Manuscripts: The Genius of Illumination (London: British Library, 2011), no. 15 [exhibition catalogue].


Images
* * *
 
Jerome

f. 1
Jerome
Marginal decoration

f. 1
Marginal decoration
Decorated initial

f. 4
Decorated initial
 
Crucifixion, Virgin, and Martin and Days of Creation

ff. 4v- 5
Crucifixion, Virgin, and Martin and Days of Creation
Martin

f. 4v
Martin
Crucifixion, Virgin and Martin

f. 4v
Crucifixion, Virgin and Martin
 
Days of Creation with Adam and Eve cycle

f. 5
Days of Creation with Adam and Eve cycle
Crucifixion

f. 5
Crucifixion
Decorated initial

f. 5v
Decorated initial
 
Moses and Israelites

f. 26v
Moses and Israelites
Offering

f. 44
Offering
Moses

f. 56
Moses
 
Moses

f. 56
Moses
Moses

f. 73
Moses
Moses

f. 73
Moses
 
Decorated initial

f. 88v
Decorated initial
Joshua

f. 88v
Joshua
Judah

f. 99
Judah
 
Ruth

f. 110
Ruth
Ruth

f. 110
Ruth
Decorated initial

f. 111v
Decorated initial
 
Elkanah

f. 112v
Elkanah
Elkanah

f. 112v
Elkanah
Beheading of the Amalekite

f. 127v
Beheading of the Amalekite
 
David and  Abishag

f. 139v
David and Abishag
Elijah and Ahaziah

f. 153v
Elijah and Ahaziah
Decorated initial

f. 167
Decorated initial
 
Descendants of Adam

f. 167v
Descendants of Adam
Salomon

f. 179v
Salomon
Salomon

f. 179v
Salomon
 
Nehemiah

f. 199
Nehemiah
Judith

f. 205v
Judith
Decorated initial

f. 211
Decorated initial
 
Esther

f. 211v
Esther
Tobit

f. 215
Tobit
Decorated initial

f. 215
Decorated initial
 
Tobit

f. 215
Tobit
Text page

f. 215v
Text page
Decorated initial

f. 219v
Decorated initial
 
Job

f. 220
Job
Job

f. 220
Job
Crucifixion with the cycle of Thomas of Canterbury

f. 231v
Crucifixion with the cycle of Thomas of Canterbury
 
David

f. 232
David
David

f. 232
David


f. 236
 
David

f. 238v
David
David and the Fool

f. 241
David and the Fool
Knight

f. 241
Knight
 
David and the Fool

f. 241
David and the Fool
David

f. 243v
David
David

f. 243v
David
 
David

f. 246v
David
David

f. 246v
David
Singing clerics

f. 249
Singing clerics
 
Singing clerics

f. 249
Singing clerics
David

f. 249v
David
David

f. 249v
David
 
Trinity

f. 252
Trinity
Trinity

f. 252
Trinity
Decorated initial

f. 255
Decorated initial
 
Decorated initial

f. 258v
Decorated initial
Solomon and Rehoboam

f. 259
Solomon and Rehoboam
Solomon and a boy

f. 269
Solomon and a boy
 
Virgin and Child

f. 272
Virgin and Child
Virgin and Child

f. 272
Virgin and Child
Solomon

f. 293
Solomon
 
Martyrdom of Isaiah

f. 300v
Martyrdom of Isaiah
Martyrdom of Jeremiah

f. 322v
Martyrdom of Jeremiah
Jeremiah

f. 348
Jeremiah
 
Baruch

f. 350v
Baruch
Jeremiah

f. 352v
Jeremiah
Ezekiel

f. 353v
Ezekiel
 
Decorated initial

f. 376v
Decorated initial
Daniel

f. 377
Daniel
Decorated initials

f. 386
Decorated initials
 
Hosea and Gomer

f. 386v
Hosea and Gomer
Decorated initials

f. 389v
Decorated initials
Joel

f. 390
Joel
 
Decorated initial

f. 391
Decorated initial
Amos

f. 391v
Amos
Decorated initial

f. 393v
Decorated initial
 
Obadiah

f. 394
Obadiah
Jonah

f. 394v
Jonah
Micah

f. 395v
Micah
 
Nahum

f. 397v
Nahum
Decorated initial

f. 398v
Decorated initial
Habbakuk

f. 399
Habbakuk
 
Decorated initial

f. 400
Decorated initial
Zephanaiah

f. 400v
Zephanaiah
Haggai

f. 401v
Haggai
 
Zecharaiah

f. 402v
Zecharaiah
Malachi

f. 406v
Malachi
Beheading of the idolatrous Jew

f. 407v
Beheading of the idolatrous Jew
 
Delivery of letter

f. 421v
Delivery of letter
Jesse

f. 431v
Jesse
Decorated initial

f. 445v
Decorated initial
 
Decorated initial

f. 454v
Decorated initial
Zacharias

f. 455
Zacharias
John

f. 470
John
 
Decorated initial

f. 481
Decorated initial
Paul

f. 481v
Paul
Paul

f. 487
Paul
 
Paul

f. 492v
Paul
Paul

f. 496
Paul
Paul

f. 498
Paul
 
Paul

f. 499v
Paul
Paul

f. 501
Paul
Paul

f. 502v
Paul
 
Paul

f. 503v
Paul
Paul

f. 504
Paul
Paul

f. 504v
Paul
 
Paul

f. 506
Paul
Paul

f. 507
Paul
Paul

f. 507v
Paul
 
Paul and Hebrew

f. 508
Paul and Hebrew
Decorated initial

f. 512
Decorated initial
Ascension

f. 512v
Ascension
 
James

f. 527
James
Peter

f. 528v
Peter
Peter

f. 530
Peter
 
John

f. 531
John
John

f. 532v
John
John and Jude

f. 533
John and Jude
 
John

f. 533v
John
Text page

f. 540v
Text page
Remy d'Auxerre

f. 541
Remy d'Auxerre
 
Remy d'Auxerre

f. 541
Remy d'Auxerre
Decorated initial

f. 548v
Decorated initial
Decorated initial

f. 554v
Decorated initial
 
Decorated initial

f. 555v
Decorated initial
Decorated initial

f. 558
Decorated initial
Hybrid

f. 559v
Hybrid
 
Decorated initial

f. 561
Decorated initial
Decorated initial

f. 562v
Decorated initial
Decorated initial

f. 565v
Decorated initial
 
Decorated initial

f. 566v
Decorated initial
Decorated initial

f. 569v
Decorated initial
Decorated initial

f. 571
Decorated initial
 
Decorated initial

f. 572
Decorated initial
Decorated initial

f. 572v
Decorated initial
Decorated initial

f. 574
Decorated initial
 
Decorated initial

f. 579v
Decorated initial
Decorated initial

f. 581
Decorated initial
Decorated initial

f. 581v
Decorated initial
 

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