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Detailed record for Lansdowne 431

Title Psalter, with calendar, ending imperfectly
Origin England, E. (East Anglia?)
Date 1st quarter of the 13th century
Language Latin
Script Gothic, written above top line
Decoration 12 large 'KL' initials in the calendar in gold with penwork decoration in green, blue, and red, with the occupations of the months and zodiac symbols in colours on blue and pink grounds within gold medallions (ff. 4-9v). 1 very large framed historiated initial in colours on a gold ground at the beginning of Psalm 1 (f. 11). 9 large historiated or decorated initials in colours on gold grounds with foliate decoration at the liturgical divisions and at the beginning of the Canticles (ff. 26, 35v, 43v, 44, 53, 64v, 74v, 85, 105v). 2 diagrams (f. 10r-10v). Large initials in gold or in blue, with foliate decoration usually in colours at the beginning of the other Psalms or divisions. Small initials in blue with red penwork decoration, or in red with blue penwork decoration. LIne fillers with red and blue penwork geometric decoration. Run-over symbols in the form of animal heads, or a man with a fish in his mouth (f. 85).
Dimensions in mm 330 x 220 (225 x 145)
Official foliation ff. 130 ( + 3 unfoliated modern paper flyleaves at the beginning and at the end)
Form Parchment codex
Binding BM/BL in-house. Marbled endpapers.
Provenance ? The Augustinian priory of St Giles, Barnwell, Cambridgeshire: evidence of the calendar and the litany (see Morgan 1982).
Precentor 'E' of the cathedral church of Holy Trinity, Chichester: added obits of Bishop Ranulf on 15 September (f. 8); and of the precentor's father John on 24 April (f. 5v), and mother Avicia on 26 September (f. 8).
? John Howard (? d. 1426) and his wife Alice Tendring: erased 15th-century inscription (f. 11) has apparently been read as an invocation to pray for him and his wife Alice (see discussion Morgan 1982).
ff. 2v-3v and ff. 127-130 contain 15th-century musical notation on four-line staves with large initials in brown with penwork decoration, and large plain initials in blue; f. 130v contains prayers in 15th-century Gothic script.
Thomas Broune, a mercer of Bury St. Edmunds: inscription ' Orate pro anima Thomae Broune de bury Sancti Edmundi Mercer . . .' dated 1543 (f. 2).
Thomas Hird: inscription 'Tho. hird Psaltor' (f. [iii] verso).
? Shelfmarks or prices '2 K 15', 'Th. 18', 'LLf 125' (f. [iii] verso, f. 1).
William Petty (formerly Fitzmaurice) (b. 1737, d. 1805), 2nd earl of Shelburne and 1st marquess of Lansdowne, prime minister: his arms on the book-plate (f. [iii] verso); purchased by the British Museum together with 1244 other Lansdowne manuscripts in 1807.
Notes Watermark visible (f. 1).
Musical notation (ff. 2v-3v; 127-130).
Select bibliography [Henry Ellis and Francis Douce], A Catalogue of the Lansdowne Manuscripts in the British Museum (London, 1819), no. 431.

John Bradley, Illuminated Manuscripts, 2nd edn (London: Bracken Books, 1920), p. 253 no. 19.

Eric. G. Millar, English Illuminated Manuscripts from the Xth to the XIIIth Century (Paris: Van Oest, 1926), p. 119.

Günther Haseloff, Die Psalterillustration im 13. Jahrhundert: Studien zur Geschichte der Buchmalerei in England, Frankreich und den Niederlanden ([n.p.]:[n.pub.], 1938), p. 14.

Peter Brieger, English Art 1216-1307, Oxford History of English Art, 4 (Oxford: The Clarendon Press, 1957), p. 85.

Margaret Rickert, Painting in Britain: the Middle Ages, 2nd edn (London: Penguin Books, 1965), pp. 98, 101.

Andrew G. Watson, Catalogue of Dated and Datable Manuscripts c. 700-1600 in The Department of Manuscripts: The British Library, 2 vols (London: British Library, 1979), I, 168.

François Avril and Patricia Danz Stirnemann, Manuscrits enluminés d’origine insulaire VIIe-XXe siècle (Paris: Bibliothèque nationale, 1987), p. 52.

Medieval Libraries of Great Britain: A List of Surviving Books ed. by N. R. Ker, Supplement to the Second Edition, ed. by Andrew G. Watson, Royal Historical Society Guides and Handbooks, 15 (London: The Royal Historical Society, 1987), pp. 3, 14.

Nigel Morgan, Early Gothic Manuscripts, 2 vols, A Survey of Manuscripts Illuminated in the British Isles, 4 (London Harvey Miller, 1982-1988), I: 1190-1250, no. 39, pls 1334-135; II: 1250-1285, pp. 89, 116-17 [with additional bibiliography].

Nigel Morgan, ‘The Decorative Ornament of the Text and Page in Thirteenth-Century England: Initials, Border Extensions and Line Fillers’, in Decoration and Illustration in Medieval English Manuscripts, English Manuscript Studies 1100-1700, 10 (London: British Library, 2002), pp. 1-33 (p. 13, pl. 12).

C. M. Kauffmann, Biblical Imagery in Medieval England 700-1500 (London: Harvey Miller, 2003), fig. 115.


Images
* * *
 
April

f. 5v
April
May

f. 6
May
September

f. 8
September
 
Psalm 1

f. 11
Psalm 1
Judgement of Solomon

f. 35v
Judgement of Solomon
David and Goliath

f. 43v
David and Goliath
 
Temptation of Christ

f. 44
Temptation of Christ
Jonah

f. 53
Jonah
David and musicians

f. 64v
David and musicians
 
Decorated initial

f. 70v
Decorated initial
Annunication to the Shepherds

f. 74v
Annunication to the Shepherds
Coronation of the Virgin

f. 85
Coronation of the Virgin
 
Illuminated and decorated initials

f. 105v
Illuminated and decorated initials

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