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Detailed record for Stowe 12

Part 1 ff. 1-354 
Title Breviary, Use of Sarum with Norwich variants ('The Stowe Breviary')
Origin England, E. (Norwich)
Date between 1322 and 1325
Language Latin
Script Gothic
Artists Although connected with an East Anglian group centered around the Gorleston Psalter (Additional 49622), Sandler compares the artist to that of the Barlow Psalter (Oxford, Bodleian Library, MS Barlow 22) and of the Tiptoft Missal (New York, Pierpont Morgan Library, M.107).
Decoration 46 large historiated initials, with three-sided or partial foliate borders, in colours and gold (ff. 16v, 20v, 23v, 25v, 27v, 40, 87, 109, 121, 125v, 128, 130, 131, 136, 150v, 171v, 176v, 180, 184v, 190, 195, 200v, 225, 228, 232, 238v, 242v, 247, 250, 252, 257, 261v, 270, 274v, 276v, 279v, 285, 292, 297v, 305, 314v, 315v, 319v, 324, 329, 334v). Large decorated initials, many including human heads, with partial foliate borders, in colours and gold. Small initials in blue with red foliate pen-flourishing, some including human heads or grotesque figures. 1 marginal drawing of a grotesque figure, in brown ink (f. 68).
Dimensions in mm 290 x 185 (200 x 125) in two columns
 
Part 2 ff. 358-395 
Title Ordinale
Origin England
Date between c. 1350 and before 1383
Language Latin
Script Gothic
Decoration 1 decorated initial including heraldic arms, with a full foliate border, in colours and gold (f. 358). 1 small initial in gold on a red and blue ground (f. 358). Large and small initials in blue with red foliate pen-flourishing.
Dimensions in mm 290 x 185 (200 x 125) in two columns
 
Official foliation ff. 395 (+ 3 paper flyleaves at the beginning and 2 at the end)
Form Parchment codex
Binding Post-1600. Gold- and blind-tooled brown leather; gilt edges.
Provenance Perhaps made for a member of the secular clergy in the diocese of Norwich, between 1322 and 1325: the calendar includes Thomas de Cantilupe, 2 October (f. 162v), canonised in 1320, and a note of the beheading of Thomas, Duke of Lancaster, in March 1322 (f. 157). The last appointment of a bishop of Norwich mentioned is John Salmon (d. 1325) (f. 156v, line 14).
Inscription, after 1344: note of debt for £100 by Philip and Walter de Moundeville to William de Cusance, king's clerk and Lord Treasurer (f. 164).
Scope of Marsham, before 1383, as a rubric on f. 377v mentions the year 1383 as a future date: arms (f. 358).
The beginning of Psalms missing, incompletely replaced in a 17th-century hand (f. 164v).
Recipe for making ink in hand of Sir Roger Twysden (b. 1597, d. 1672), dated 28 December 1628 (f. 357v).
Richard Temple-Nugent-Brydges-Chandos-Grenville (b. 1776, d. 1839), 1st duke of Buckingham and Chandos, of Stowe House, near Buckingham: inscribed with the press-mark 'Press 3 no. 35' (f. ), corresponding to his catalogue (O'Conor 1818-1819).
Richard Plantagenet Temple-Nugent-Brydges-Chandos-Grenville (b. 1797, d. 1861), 2nd duke of Buckingham and Chandos; sold in 1849 to Lord Ashburnham.
Bertram Ashburnham (b. 1797, d. 1878), 4th earl of Ashburnham, of Ashburnham Place, Sussex.
Bertram Ashburnham (b. 1840, d. 1913), 5th earl of Ashburnham: purchased by the British Museum from him together with 1084 other Stowe manuscripts in 1883.
Notes Full digital coverage available for this manuscript: see Digitised Manuscripts at http://www.bl.uk/manuscripts.
Although connected with an East Anglian group centered around the Gorleston Psalter (Additional 49622), Sandler compares the artist to that of the Barlow Psalter (Oxford, Bodleian Library, MS Barlow 22) and of the Tiptoft Missal (New York, Pierpont Morgan Library, M.107).
Select bibliography Charles O'Conor, Bibliotheca Ms. Stowensis: A Descriptive Catalogue of the Manuscripts in the Stowe Library, 2 vols (Buckingham: Seeley, 1818-1819), II, pp. 46-50.

The Palaeographic Society: Facsimiles of Manuscripts and Inscriptions, Second series, ed. by Edward Augustus Bond, Edward Maunde Thompson, and George Frederic Warner, (London: Cloves and Sons, 1884-1894), II, pl. 197.

Catalogue of the Stowe Manuscripts in the British Museum, 2 vols (London: British Museum, 1895-1896), I, no. 12.

George F. Warner, Illuminated Manuscripts in The British Museum, Series I-IV (London: British Museum, 1903), pl. 32.

Sydney C. Cockerell, The Gorleston Psalter, A Manuscript of the Beginning of the Fourteenth Century in the Library of C.W. Dyson Perrins (London: Chiswick Press, 1907), p. 3ff.

J. A. Herbert, Illuminated Manuscripts (London: Methuen, 1911), p. 227.

M. R. James, 'List of MSS from the Cathedral Priory of Norwich now existing in English Libraries,' Norfolk and Norwich Archaeological Society 19 (1915), p. 38.

Schools of Illumination: Reproductions from Manuscripts in the British Museum, 6 vols (London: British Museum, 1914-1930), III: English A.D. 1300 to 1350 (1921), pl. 5.

[J. A. Herbert], British Museum: Reproductions from Illuminated Manuscripts, Series 2, 3rd edn (London: British Museum, 1923), pl. 14.

[J. A. Herbert],Illuminataed Manuscripts and Bindings of Manuscripts Exhibited in The Grenville Library, Guide to the Exhibited Manuscripts, 3 (Oxford: British Museum, 1923), no. 27.

Eric. G. Millar, English Illuminated Manuscripts of the XIVth and XVth Century (Paris: Van Oest, 1928), p. 80.

Catalogue of an Exhibition Commemorating the Four Hundredth Anniversary of the Introduction of the Book of Common Prayer (London: British Museum, 1949), no. 6.

Joan Evans, English Art 1307-1461, Oxford History of English Art, 5 (Oxford: The Clarendon Press, 1949), p. 41 n. 2.

Lilian M. C. Randall, Images in the Margins of Gothic Manuscripts (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1966). p. 37.

Peter Lasko and Nigel J. Morgan, Medieval Art in East Anglia 1300-1520 (Norwich: Jarrold & Sons, 1973), nos. 12, 20, 26.

Lucy Freeman Sandler, The Peterborough Psalter in Brussels and other Fenland Manuscripts (London: Harvey Miller, 1974), pp. 98-99.

Lucy Freeman Sandler, 'An Early Fourteenth-Century English Breviary at Longleat', Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes, 39 (1976), 1-20 (pp. 4-5).

Andrew G. Watson, Catalogue of Dated and Datable Manuscripts c. 700-1600 in The Department of Manuscripts: The British Library, 2 vols (London: British Library, 1979), I, no. 945 [with additional bibliography].

Lucy Freeman Sandler, 'An Early Fourteenth-Century English Psalter in the Escorial', Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes 42 (1979), 65-80 (pp. 76-78).

Lucy Freeman Sandler, Gothic Manuscripts 1285-1385, A Survey of Manuscripts Illuminated in the British Isles, 5, 2 vols. (Harvey Miller: London, 1986), no. 79.

Age of Chivalry: Art in Plantagenet England 1200-1400, ed. by Jonathan Alexander and Paul Binski (London:Royal Academy of Arts in association with Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 1987), nos. 360, 575.

M. A. Michael, 'Oxford, Cambridge and London: Towards a Theory for 'Grouping' Gothic Manuscripts,' The Burlington Magazine 130 (1988), 107-15 (p. 113).

M. A. Michael, 'Deconstruction, Reconstruction and Invention: The Hungerford Hours and English Manuscript Illumination of the Early Fourteenth Century,' English Manuscript Studies 2 (1990), 33-108, pp. 61ff., pls. 29, 32, 36, 45.

John B. Friedman, Northern English Books, Owners, and Makers in the Late Middle Ages (Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press, 1995), pp. 118, 246.

Janet Backhouse, The Illuminated Page: Ten Centuries of Manuscript Painting in the British Library (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1997), no. 92.

Caroline S. Hull, 'Abbot John, Vicar Thomas and M. R. James: THE Early History of the Douai Psalter', in The Legacy of M. R. James, Papers from the 1995 Cambridge Symposium, ed. by Lynda Dennison (Shaun Tyas: Donington, 2001), pp. 118-27 (p. 122 n. 16).

Sherry L. Reames, 'The Office for St. Cecilia', in The Liturgy of the Church, ed. by Thomas J. Heffernan and E. Ann Matter (Kalamazoo: Western Michigan University, 2001), 245-70 (pp. 265, 268).

Christina Dondi, The Liturgy of the Canons Regular of the Holy Sepulchre of Jerusalem: A Study and a Catalogue of the Manuscript Sources, Bibliotheca Victorina, 16 (Turnhout: Brepols, 2004), pp. 18, 107.

Sherry Reames, 'Origins and Affiliations of the Pre-Sarum Office for Anne in the Stowe Breviary', in Music and Medieval Manuscripts: Paleography and Performance, Essays Dedicated to Andrew Hughes, ed. by John Haines and Randall Rosenfeld (Aldershot: Ashgate, 2004), 349-68.

Kay Brainerd Slocum, Liturgies in Honour of Thomas Becket (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2004), pl. on p. ii, pp. 14, 239, 262-90, ill. 6.

The Cambridge Illuminations: Ten Centuries of Book Production in the Medieval West, ed. by Paul Binski and Stella Panayotova (London: Harvey Miller, 2005), p. 188.

M. A. Michael, ‘Seeing-in: The Macclesfield Psalter’, in The Cambridge Illuminations: The Conference Papers, ed. by Stella Panayotova (London: Harvey Miller, 2007), pp. 115-28 (p. 117 n. 15).

Richard W. Pfaff, The Liturgy in Medieval England: A History (Cambridge: University Press, 2009), pp. 339, 423-24.

Kay Brainerd Slocum, Liturgies in Honour of Thomas Becket (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2004), pl. on p. ii, pp. 14, 239, 262-90, ill. 6.


Images

Part  1   ff. 1-354
Breviary, Use of Sarum with Norwich variants ('The Stowe Breviary')
* * *
 
Bust of a man

f. 12
Bust of a man
Nativity

f. 16v
Nativity
Grotesque

f. 16v
Grotesque
 
Nativity

f. 16v
Nativity
Martyrdom of Stephen

f. 20v
Martyrdom of Stephen
Martyrdom of Stephen

f. 20v
Martyrdom of Stephen
 
Martyrdom of Stephen

f. 20v
Martyrdom of Stephen
John the Evangelist

f. 23v
John the Evangelist
John the Evangelist

f. 23v
John the Evangelist
 
Detail

f. 23v
Detail
Massacre of the Innocents

f. 25v
Massacre of the Innocents
Massacre of the Innocents

f. 25v
Massacre of the Innocents
 
Detail

f. 25v
Detail
Martyrdom of a bishop

f. 27v
Martyrdom of a bishop
Martyrdom of a bishop

f. 27v
Martyrdom of a bishop
 
Holy Face

f. 32
Holy Face
Holy Face

f. 32
Holy Face
Adoration of the Magi

f. 40
Adoration of the Magi
 
Illuminated initials

f. 48v
Illuminated initials
Christ

f. 49v
Christ
Illuminated initial

f. 54v
Illuminated initial
 
Inhabited initial

f. 56
Inhabited initial
Inhabited initial

f. 59
Inhabited initial
Illuminated initial

f. 62v
Illuminated initial
 
Illuminated initial

f. 62v
Illuminated initial
Illuminated initial

f. 62v
Illuminated initial
Marginal grotesque

f. 68
Marginal grotesque
 
Marginal grotesque

f. 68
Marginal grotesque
Marginal grotesque

f. 68
Marginal grotesque
Illuminated initial

f. 71
Illuminated initial
 
Illuminated initial

f. 71
Illuminated initial
Illuminated initial

f. 76
Illuminated initial
Resurrection

f. 87
Resurrection
 
Resurrection

f. 87
Resurrection
Illuminated initial.

f. 93v
Illuminated initial.
John the Evangelist

f. 103
John the Evangelist
 
John the Evangelist

f. 103
John the Evangelist
John the Evangelist

f. 103
John the Evangelist
Baptism

f. 109
Baptism
 
Baptism

f. 109
Baptism
Bust of a man

f. 115
Bust of a man
Illuminated initial

f. 115v
Illuminated initial
 
Bust of a king

f. 116v
Bust of a king
Bust of a king

f. 116v
Bust of a king
Bust of a man

f. 118
Bust of a man
 
Bust of a man

f. 119v
Bust of a man
Bust of a bishop

f. 120v
Bust of a bishop
Historiated initial

f. 121
Historiated initial
 
Bust of a man

f. 125
Bust of a man
Men disputing

f. 125v
Men disputing
Grotesque

f. 127
Grotesque
 
Angel

f. 128
Angel
Bust of a woman

f. 129v
Bust of a woman
Judith and Holofernes

f. 130
Judith and Holofernes
 
Judith and Holofernes

f. 130
Judith and Holofernes
Judith and Holofernes

f. 130
Judith and Holofernes
King and soldiers

f. 131
King and soldiers
 
Christ

f. 136
Christ
Tonsured man

f. 137
Tonsured man
Illuminated initial

f. 138v
Illuminated initial
 
Dedication

f. 150v
Dedication
Dedication

f. 150v
Dedication
Dedication

f. 150v
Dedication
 
David pointing to his eyes

f. 171v
David pointing to his eyes
King David

f. 176v
King David
King David

f. 176v
King David
 
King David

f. 176v
King David
A king and a fool

f. 180
A king and a fool
A king and a fool

f. 180
A king and a fool
 
Jonah and the whale

f. 184v
Jonah and the whale
Jonah and the whale

f. 184v
Jonah and the whale
King David playing the bells

f. 190
King David playing the bells
 
King David playing the bells

f. 190
King David playing the bells
King David playing the bells

f. 190
King David playing the bells
Three monks singing

f. 195
Three monks singing
 
Trinity

f. 200v
Trinity
Trinity

f. 200v
Trinity
Inhabited initial

f. 212
Inhabited initial
 
Nicholas of Bari

f. 225
Nicholas of Bari
Nicholas of Bari

f. 225
Nicholas of Bari
Nicholas of Bari

f. 225
Nicholas of Bari
 
Detail

f. 228
Detail


f. 228
Detail

f. 232
Detail
 
Detail

f. 233v
Detail
Paul

f. 238v
Paul
Detail

f. 241v
Detail
 
Detail

f. 242
Detail
Presentation in the Temple

f. 242v
Presentation in the Temple
Presentation in the Temple

f. 242v
Presentation in the Temple
 
Presentation in the Temple

f. 242v
Presentation in the Temple
Illuminated initial

f. 245v
Illuminated initial
Detail

f. 247v
Detail
 
Detail

f. 248v
Detail
Detail

f. 249
Detail
Detail

f. 250
Detail
 
Detail

f. 250v
Detail


f. 251
Barnabas

f. 252
Barnabas
 
Barnabas

f. 252
Barnabas
Christ

f. 252
Christ
Bust of a bishop

f. 253v
Bust of a bishop
 
Bust of a man

f. 254v
Bust of a man
Feasts of Martyrs

f. 255
Feasts of Martyrs
Feasts of Martyrs

f. 255
Feasts of Martyrs
 
Feasts of Martyrs

f. 255
Feasts of Martyrs
Feasts of Martyrs

f. 255
Feasts of Martyrs
A man and a child

f. 256
A man and a child
 
Bust of a woman

f. 256v
Bust of a woman
John the Baptist

f. 257
John the Baptist
Crowned man

f. 261
Crowned man
 
Peter and Paul

f. 261v
Peter and Paul
Bearded saint

f. 264v
Bearded saint
Agnus Dei

f. 266v
Agnus Dei
 
Bust of a bishop

f. 267v
Bust of a bishop
Feast of Swithun

f. 273
Feast of Swithun
Feast of Swithun

f. 273
Feast of Swithun
 
Bust of a bishop

f. 284
Bust of a bishop
Germanus and  Peter in chains

f. 285
Germanus and Peter in chains
Germanus

f. 285
Germanus
 
Peter in chains

f. 285
Peter in chains
Bust of a man

f. 287v
Bust of a man
Lawrence

f. 292
Lawrence
 
Lawrence

f. 292
Lawrence
Exaltation of the Cross

f. 297v
Exaltation of the Cross
Exaltation of the Cross

f. 297v
Exaltation of the Cross
 
Michael the Archangel

f. 305
Michael the Archangel
Michael the Archangel

f. 305
Michael the Archangel
Historiated initial

f. 319v
Historiated initial
 
Martin

f. 324
Martin
Bust of a bishop

f. 327
Bust of a bishop
Bishop

f. 329
Bishop
 
Bust of a woman

f. 332
Bust of a woman
Catherine

f. 334v
Catherine
Bust of a bishop

f. 337
Bust of a bishop
 
Bust of a man

f. 338
Bust of a man
Bust of a man

f. 346v
Bust of a man
Illuminated initial

f. 347
Illuminated initial
 
Illuminated initial

f. 348
Illuminated initial
Illuminated initial

f. 352
Illuminated initial
Arms

f. 358
Arms
 
Text page

f. 388v
Text page

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