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Detailed record for Harley 4664

Part 1 ff. 9-125v 
Title Breviary (the 'Coldingham Breviary'), including the Temporale
Origin England, N. (Durham or Coldingham?)
Date between 1270 and 1280
Language Latin
Script Gothic, written below top line
Decoration Very large miniature in colours and gold of the Virgin and Child (f. 125v). Large initials in gold and colours (ff. 9, 21v). Initials in blue with red and often blue pen-flourishing, or in red with blue and often red pen-flourishing, some with faces extending into the margins. Versicals in red.
Dimensions in mm 245 x 170 (162 x 125) in two columns
 
Part 2 ff. 2-8v 
Title Readings
Origin England
Date 14th century
Language Latin
Script Gothic
Decoration Initials in red with blue and purple pen-flourishing, or in blue with red pen-flourishing. Small initials in red.
Dimensions in mm 245 x 170 (180 x 140) in two columns
 
Part 3 ff. 126-319v 
Title Calendar and Psalter, with litany and prayers, and Sanctorale
Origin England
Date 2nd half of the 13th century
Language Latin
Script Gothic, written below top line
Decoration Large historiated or decorated initials (some with hybrids or dragons) at the beginning of Psalms 1, 26, 38, 51, 68, 80, 97, 101, 109 and other divisions in colours and gold (ff. 133, 138, 142, 145, 149, 153v, 157v, 158, 162 and numerous other folios). Large puzzle initials in red and blue with pen-flourishing in red and blue. Large 'KL' letters and other initials in gold and blue, red, and white in the calendar and at the beginning of the other Psalms. Small initials in gold with penwork decoration in blue. Small initials in blue, with pen-flourishing in red and blue. Small initials in red or blue, some with penwork decoration in the opposite colour. Text in gold. Line-fillers in red and blue.
Dimensions in mm 245 x 170
 
Official foliation ff. 333 ( + an unfoliated parchment leaf after ff. 126, 200, 333 + 1 at the beginning + an unfoliated paper flyleaf at the beginning and at the end)
Form Parchment codex
Binding Post-1600. Brown diced leather with gold tooling.
Provenance The Coldingham Priory, about 10 miles north of Berwick-on-Tweed, in Scotland, perhaps made at Durham: the abbey was a cell of Durham Cathedral Priory.
Owned by a monk of Durham in the 16th century: inscribed 'Liber dominus Richardi Crosby monarchi Dun[ls]i' (f. 9). An inscription on an end flyleaf states that it was given to him by Hugh Whitehede, last prior of Durham, in 1521 (f. 333).
The Benedictine cathedral priory of St Cuthbert, Durham.
f. 200 is a 14th century replacement page.
ff. 320-332v are later 15th-century additions with coloured or decorated initials.
Thomas Tempest (d. 1743), 4th baronet, county Durham: inscribed 'Sr Thomas Tempest Baronet' (f. 2).
The Harley Collection, formed by Robert Harley (b. 1661, d. 1724), 1st earl of Oxford and Mortimer, politician, and Edward Harley (b. 1689, d. 1741), 2nd earl of Oxford and Mortimer, book collector and patron of the arts.
Edward Harley bequeathed the library to his widow, Henrietta Cavendish, née Holles (b. 1694, d. 1755) during her lifetime and thereafter to their daughter, Margaret Cavendish Bentinck (b. 1715, d.1785), duchess of Portland; the manuscripts were sold by the Countess and the Duchess in 1753 to the nation for £10,000 (a fraction of their contemporary value) under the Act of Parliament that also established the British Museum; the Harley manuscripts form one of the foundation collections of the British Library.
Notes Full digital coverage available for this manuscript: see Digitised Manuscripts at http://www.bl.uk/manuscripts.
Musical notation on red 4-line staves (ff. 181-197).
One of five surviving English breviaries, according to Tolhurst 1932.
Select bibliography A Catalogue of the Harleian Manuscripts in the British Museum, 4 vols (London: Eyre and Strahan, 1808-12), III (1808), no. 4664.

Walter de Gray Birch and Henry Jenner, Early Drawings and Illuminations: An Introduction to the Study of Illustrated Manuscripts (London: Bagster and Sons, 1879), p. 8.

Georg Graf Vitzthum, Die Pariser Miniaturmalerei von der Zeit des hl. Ludwig bis zu Philipp von Valois und ihr Verhältnis zur Malerei in Nordwesteuropa (Leipzig: Quelle & Meyer, 1907), p. 95.

English Benedictine Kalendars after A. D. 1100, ed. by Francis Wormald, 2 vols, Henry Bradshaw Society, 77, 81 (London: Harrison and Sons, 1934-1939), I, 162.

Durham Cathedral Manuscripts to the end of the Twelfth Century, intro. by R. A. B. Mynors (Oxford: University Press, 1939), p. 52.

The Monastic Breviary of Hyde Abbey, Winchester: MSS. Rawlinson Liturg. e. 1*, and Gough Liturg. 8, in the Bodleian Library, Oxford, ed. by J. B. L. Tolhurst, Henry Bradshaw Society, LXV-LXXX, 6 vols (London: Henry Bradshaw Society, 1932-42), 1, pp. v-vi; 6, pp. 20-27, 43-44, 86-90, 96-99, 238.

Medieval Libraries of Great Britain: A List of Surviving Books, ed. by N. R. Ker, 2nd edn, Royal Historical Society Guides and Handbooks, 3 (London: Royal Historical Society, 1964), p. 73.

Manuscripts of Polyphonic Music: 11th - Early 14th Century, ed. by Gilbert Reaney, Répertoire international des sources musicales, BIV 1 (Munich: Henle, 1966), p. 508.

Medieval Libraries of Great Britain: A List of Surviving Books ed. by N. R. Ker, Supplement to the Second Edition, ed. by Andrew G. Watson, Royal Historical Society Guides and Handbooks, 15 (London: The Royal Historical Society, 1987), p. 30.

Nigel Morgan, Early Gothic Manuscripts, 2 vols, A Survey of Manuscripts Illuminated in the British Isles, 4 (London Harvey Miller, 1982-1988), II: 1250-1285, no. 176.

Carl P. E. Springer, The Manuscripts of Sedulius: A Provisional Handlist, Transaction of the American Philosophical Society, 85 (Philadelphia: American Philosophical Society, 1995), p. 148.

'The Breviary of the Priory of Coldingham, Berwickshire: An electronic copy of London, British Library MS Harley 4664', in CURSUS An Online Resource of Medieval Liturgical Texts, [http://www.cursus.org.uk/ms/coldingham], accessed 5 February 2019.

Richard W. Pfaff, The Liturgy in Medieval England: A History (Cambridge: University Press, 2009), pp. 223-24.

Stephen Mark Holmes, ‘Catalogue of Liturgical Books and Fragments in Scotland before 1650’, The Innes Review, 62 (2011), 127-212 (no. 32).


Images

Part  1   ff. 9-125v
Breviary (the 'Coldingham Breviary'), including the Temporale
* * *
 
Illuminated initial

f. 9
Illuminated initial
Virgin and Child

f. 125v
Virgin and Child
Virgin and Child

f. 125v
Virgin and Child
 
Fool

f. 145v
Fool

Part  3   ff. 126-319v
Calendar and Psalter, with litany and prayers, and Sanctorale
* * *
 
April

f. 127v
April
Calendar

ff. 127v-128
Calendar
May

f. 128
May
 
Calendar

ff. 128v-129
Calendar
August

f. 129v
August
Calendar

ff. 130v-131
Calendar
 
David

f. 133
David
David

f. 133
David
Illuminated initial

f. 138
Illuminated initial
 
Fool

f. 145v
Fool
Fool

f. 145v
Fool
Singing Monks

f. 157v
Singing Monks
 
Monks

f. 157v
Monks
Christ blessing

f. 162
Christ blessing
Litany

f. 175v
Litany
 
Puzzle initials

f. 180
Puzzle initials
Illuminated initial

f. 181
Illuminated initial
Illuminated initial

f. 187
Illuminated initial
 
Dragon

f. 191v
Dragon
Illuminated initial

f. 198
Illuminated initial
Illuminated initial

f. 278v
Illuminated initial
 

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