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Detailed record for Burney 3

Title Bible with prologues, without Psalms ('The Bible of Robert de Bello')
Origin England, S. E. (Canterbury?)
Date between c. 1240 and 1253
Language Latin
Script Gothic, written 'below top line'
Decoration Numerous large historiated initials, in colours and gold, at the beginning of biblical books, and some prologues (ff. 3, 5v, 27v, 45v, etc.), executed by at least two artists. Large and small inhabited/foliate initials, in colours and gold, at the start of prologues. Small initials alternately in red or blue, with predominantly blue or red flourishing and marginal extensions, respectively. Line-fillers in red and blue, sometimes in the form of fish. Chapter numbers and running titles in alternate red and blue characters, with flourishes. Guide-letters and guide-numerals.
Dimensions in mm 275 x 205 (170 x 115 - in two columns)
Official foliation ff. v + 517 + iv (foliated i-ii, ii*-ii***, 1-513, iii-x; ff. i and vi are former pastedowns; the whole preceded by 3, and followed by 3, modern unfoliated paper flyleaves)
Collation i-ii14 (ff. 2-29), iii-xix12 (ff. 30-233), xx-xxxiii12 (ff. 234-401), xxxiv-xliii12 (ff. 402-509), xliv six (a quire of 12, of which the last six leaves are missing, probably blank?).
Form Parchment codex
Binding BM/BL in-house. Rebound in 1983; gilt edges. The former covers, each with a gilt centrepiece, are kept separately.
Provenance Made for Robert of Battle (de Bello), abbot of St Augustine's, Canterbury (between 1225 and 1253): his name is in the first and last historiated initials: 'Abbe. bono. / Robe. Aug'i (?)' (f. 2) and 'bono robe. abb.' (f. 506v); many quires are marked 'em(en)dat(us)' (e.g. ff. 42, 54, 78, 282).
The Benedictine abbey of St Augustine, Canterbury, second half of the 15th century: initialled 'C C' by Clement Canterbury, librarian of the abbey (f. 2), who was perhaps also responsible for the inscription: 'Biblia Roberti Abb(at)is de librario s(an)c(t)i Augustini Cantuarie' (f. 1v, cf. ff. i verso, 1v, 2); see Medieval Libraries of Great Britain: A List of Surviving Books, ed. by N. R. Ker, 2nd edn, Royal Historical Society Guides and Handbooks, 3 (London: The Royal Historical Society, 1964), p. 43.
Sir Anthony St Leger (b. 1496?, d. 1559), lord deputy of Ireland: 'This boke perteynethe to the right wurshipfull sir Anthonye Seintleger knight of […?]' (f. iii), 'God save the [sic] Anthonie St Leger. for ever and ever q(uo)d J G' (f. 180v).
Edward Drayner: 'Sum Edwardi Drayner ex dono / Mag.stri. Anthonij Seintlegerj' (f. iii).
John Buckeridge (d. 1631), bishop of Ely: to the preceding inscription is added: 'qui / dedit eum Johanni Buckridg episcopo Roffensi' (f. iii).
Lawrence Sadler, bookseller of Little Britain, London, middle of the 16th century: 'At the returne of this booke I am to repay 1l. 6s. / Lawrence Sadler' (f. v verso).
Sir Roger Twysden, (b. 1597, d. 1672), 2nd baronet, antiquary, bought in 1631: 'Sum Rogeri Twysden qui emit ex libris … Johannis Buckridge … 29 Novembris An.o. Dom.i 1631.' (f. iii). (Twysden also acquired Additional 53710 and Stowe 378--both also from St Augustine's--from Sadler).
Unidentified owner: with his number '61.' (f. ii, upper right corner).
Sir John Saunders Sebright, (b. 1767, d. 1846), 7th baronet, politician and agriculturist: his sale 6 April 1807, lot 1186, bought by Burney for £6 6s.
Charles Burney (b. 1757, d. 1817), D.D., classical scholar.
Acquired by the British Museum as part of Burney’s library from his son Charles Parr Burney in 1818.
Notes Proverbs, Maccabees, and the New Testament each start on a new quire.
The Psalms and the Interpretations of Hebrew names are absent.
Morgan 1982 dates the manuscript to between 1230 and 1240, but it is likely to be later because the chapters start on new lines with the chapter numbers inset into the text area: this feature was not common in English Bibles before c.1240.
Marginalia indicate that the text of this Bible has been compared to that of another.
The large decorative extensions in the lower margins are of a type which are found in English manuscripts from about the 1230s.
Select bibliography Catalogue of Manuscripts in The British Museum, New Series, 1 vol. in 2 parts (London: British Museum, 1834-1840), I, part II: The Burney Manuscripts (1840), p. 1.

E. A. Bond and E. M. Thompson, eds, The Palaeographical Society: Facsimiles of Ancient Manuscripts, 3 vols (London, 1873-83), I, pls. 73-4.

Walter de Gray Birch and Henry Jenner, Early Drawings and Illuminations: An Introduction to the Study of Illustrated Manuscripts (London: Bagster and Sons, 1879), p. 5.

[George Warner], Reproductions from Illuminated Manuscripts, Series I, (London: British Museum, 1907), pl. 11.

J. A. Herbert, Illuminated Manuscripts (London: Methuen, 1911), p. 182.

John Bradley, Illuminated Manuscripts, 2nd edn (London: Bracken Books, 1920), p. 254 no. 6.

[J. A. Herbert], British Museum: Reproductions from Illuminated Manuscripts, Series 1, 3rd edn (London: British Museum, 1923), pl. XI.

[J. A. Herbert], Illuminated Manuscripts and Bindings of Manuscripts Exhibited in The Grenville Library, Guide to the Exhibited Manuscripts, 3 (Oxford: British Museum, 1923), no. 21.

Eric. G. Millar, English Illuminated Manuscripts from the Xth to the XIIIth Century (Paris: Van Oest, 1926), pl. 76.

Arthur Watson, The Early Iconography of the Tree of Jesse (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1934), p. 48 n. 1c.

Guide to an Exhibition of English Art (London: British Museum, 1934), no. 110.

Peter Brieger, English Art 1216-1307, Oxford History of English Art, 4 (Oxford: The Clarendon Press, 1957), pp. 81-2, 177, pls 21a, 21c.

Loren MacKinney, Medical Illustrations in Medieval Manuscripts, Wellcome Historical Medical Library, 5, 2 parts bound together (London: Wellcome Historical Medical Library, 1965), with Thomas Herndon, Part II, Medical Miniatures in Extant Manuscripts: A Checklist, no. 28.

Margaret Rickert, Painting in Britain: the Middle Ages, 2nd edn (London: Penguin Books, 1965), pp. 103, 235 n. 45, pl. 100.

Florens Deuchler, Der Ingeborgpsalter (Berlin: de Gruyter & Co., 1967), p. 172.

A. B. Emden, Donors of Books to S. Augustine’s Abbey Canterbury, Occasional Publication, 4 (Oxford: Oxford Bibliographical Society, 1968), p. 3 n. 17.

Lucy Freeman Sandler, 'Christian Hebraism and the Ramsey Abbey Psalter', The Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes, 35 (1971), 123-34 (p. 127, n. 14).

Brunsdon Yapp, Birds in Medieval Manuscripts (London: British LIbrary, 1981), pl. 9.

Nigel Morgan, Early Gothic Manuscripts, 2 vols, A Survey of Manuscripts Illuminated in the British Isles, 4 (London Harvey Miller, 1982-1988), I: 1190-1250, no. 63, pls 219-222 [with extensive further bibliography]; II: 1250-1285, pp. 103, 128.

François Avril and Patricia Danz Stirnemann, Manuscrits enluminés d’origine insulaire VIIe-XXe siècle (Paris: Bibliothèque nationale, 1987), p. 98.

Judith H. Oliver, Gothic Manuscript Illumination in the Diocese of Liège (c. 1250 - c. 1330), Corpus of Illuminated Manuscripts from the Low Countries, 2-3, 2 vols (Leuven: Uitgverij Peeters, 1988), I, 76 n. 68.

Suzanne Lewis, Reading Images: Narrative Discourse and Reception in the Thirteenth-century Illuminated Apocalypse (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1995), pp. 30, 313, 349 n. 36, fig. 239.

John Lowden, The Making of the Bibles Moralisées, 2 vols (University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press, 2000), II: The Book of Ruth, p. 257 n. 4.

Kathryn A. Smith, Art, Identity and Devotion in Fourteenth-Century England: Three Women and their Books of Hours, (London: British Library, 2003), p. 148 n. 125.

Deirdre Jackson, Marvellous to Behold: Miracles in Medieval Manuscripts (London: British Library, 2007), pl. 1.

Elizabeth Morrison, Beasts: Factual & Fantastic (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2007), p. 43.
Last revised: 05 February 2005


Images
* * *
 
Diagram

f. 1
Diagram
Jerome

f. 2
Jerome
Detail

f. 2
Detail
 
Peacock

f. 2
Peacock
Jerome

f. 2
Jerome
Detail

f. 2
Detail
 
Detail

f. 2
Detail
Illuminated initial

f. 5v
Illuminated initial
Detail

f. 5v
Detail
 
Detail

f. 5v
Detail
Illuminated initial

f. 27v
Illuminated initial
Detail

f. 27v
Detail
 
Illuminated initial

f. 45v
Illuminated initial
Detail

f. 45v
Detail
Illuminated initial

f. 57v
Illuminated initial
 
Detail

f. 57v
Detail
Illuminated initial

f. 90
Illuminated initial
Detail

f. 90
Detail
 
Illuminated initial

f. 101
Illuminated initial
Judah

f. 101
Judah
Anointing of David

f. 115
Anointing of David
 
King

f. 142v
King
The capture of Jerusalem

f. 156v
The capture of Jerusalem
The capture of Jerusalem

f. 156v
The capture of Jerusalem
 
Illuminated initial

f. 207v
Illuminated initial
Detail

f. 207v
Detail
Illuminated initial

f. 223v
Illuminated initial
 
Detail

f. 223v
Detail
Solomon

f. 234
Solomon
Detail

f. 234
Detail
 
Text page

f. 264v
Text page
Illuminated initial

f. 348
Illuminated initial
Detail

f. 348
Detail
 
Illuminated initial

f. 373
Illuminated initial
Detail

f. 373
Detail
Illuminated initial

f. 378
Illuminated initial
 
Detail

f. 378
Detail
Illuminated initial

f. 392
Illuminated initial
Detail

f. 392
Detail
 
Tree of Jesse

f. 402
Tree of Jesse
Detail

f. 402
Detail
Detail

f. 402
Detail
 
Detail

f. 402
Detail
Detail

f. 402
Detail
Luke

f. 425
Luke
 
Detail

f. 425
Detail
John

f. 440
John
Detail

f. 440
Detail
 
Illuminated initials

f. 451v
Illuminated initials
Detail

f. 451v
Detail
Detail

f. 451v
Detail
 
Illuminated initial

f. 468v
Illuminated initial
Detail

f. 468v
Detail
Illuminated initial

f. 470
Illuminated initial
 
Illuminated initials

f. 473
Illuminated initials
Illuminated initial

f. 474
Illuminated initial
Illuminated initial

f. 493
Illuminated initial
 

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