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Detailed record for Sloane 1975

Title Medical and herbal collection, including Pseudo-Apuleius, Herbarius; Pseudo-Dioscorides, De herbis femininis (ff. 49v-73); Sextus Placitus, De medicina ex animalibus
Origin England, N.? or France, N.?
Date last quarter of the 12th century
Language Latin
Script Protogothic
Decoration Numerous miniatures (over 200) of plants and animals with medicinal properties in colours and gold and silver. 3 large initials in colours with zoomorphic and foliate decoration on gold grounds (ff. 1v, 7v, 8). Large and small initials in blue, green, or red, a few with penwork decoration.
Dimensions in mm 300 x 200 (215 x 150) in two columns
Official foliation ff. 95 (+ 5 unfoliated paper flyleaves at the beginning and 4 at the end)
Collation i-xii8 (ff. 1-94), xiii1 (f. 95).
Form Parchment codex
Binding Post-1600. Marbled endpapers.
Provenance ? The Cistercian abbey of St Mary, Ourscamps, Picardy: effaced 14th-century ownership inscription (f. 91) see Schneider 1962.
Added text in cursive script (f. 95).
Sir Hans Sloane (b. 1660, d. 1753), baronet, physician and collector.
Purchased as part of the Sloane collection from Sloane's executors and incorporated into the newly founded British Museum in 1753.
Notes Full digital coverage available for this manuscript: see Digitised Manuscripts at http://www.bl.uk/manuscripts.
Collins (2003), p. 205 suggests that this manuscripts is a direct copy of Harley 1585.
Morgan (1982) states that it is from the same workshop as Oxford, Bodleian Library MS Ashmole 1462.
Quire signatures in roman numerals.
Select bibliography Catalogue of Additional Manuscripts: Sloane 1900-1993 (London: British Museum unpublished manuscript of unedited descriptions, no date), no. 1975 [available in The British Library Manuscripts Reading Room].

Walter de Gray Birch and Henry Jenner, Early Drawings and Illuminations: An Introduction to the Study of Illustrated Manuscripts (London: Bagster and Sons, 1879), p. 5.

Karl Sudhoff, Beiträge zur Geschichte der Chirurgie im Mittelalter: Graphische und textliche Untersuchungen in mittelalterlichen Handschriften, 2 vols (Leipzig: Barth, 1914-1918), I, Studien zur Geschichte der Medizin, 10, pp. 11-15, 81 (as 'Sl. II'), 93-94, pls I, XIX.

Lynn Thorndike, A History of Magic and Experimental Science, 6 vols (London: Macmillan, 1923-1941), I, 597, 609, 696.

Charles Singer, 'The Herbal in Antiquity', Journal of Hellenic Studies, 47 (1927), 1-52 (pp. 38, 43, pl. X).

[C. H. Talbot], 'Cistercian Manuscripts in England', Collectanea Ordinis Cisterciensium Reformatorum, 14 (1952), 208-12, 264-77 (p. 272).

Fritz Saxl and Hans Meier, Verzeichnis astrologischer und mythologischer illustrierter Handschriften des lateinischen Mittelalters, ed. by Harry Bober, 4 vols (London: Warburg Institute, 1916-1966), III: Handschriften in englischen Bibliotheken (1953), p. 245.

C. R. Dodwell, The Canterbury School of Illumination 1066-1200 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1954), p. 109 n. 6.

P. Ambrosius Schneider, ‘Deutsche und französische Cistercienser-Handschriften in englischen Bibliotheken’, Cistercienserchronik, 61/62 (1962), 43-54 (p. 46 no. 10).

Loren MacKinney, Medical Illustrations in Medieval Manuscripts, Wellcome Historical Medical Library, 5, 2 parts bound together (London: Wellcome Historical Medical Library, 1965), with Thomas Herndon, Part II, Medical Miniatures in Extant Manuscripts: A Checklist, no. 84.

Anne Bondeelle-Souchier, Bibliothèques cisterciennes dans la France médiévale (Paris: Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, 1991), p. 237.

Eleanour Sinclair Rohde, The Old English Herbals (New York: Dover Publications, 1971, repr. of Longmans, Green, 1922), p. 190.

Robert Herrlinger, History of Medical Illustration from Antiquity to A. D. 1600 (Nijkerk: Pitman Medical & Scientific Publishing, 1970), pp. 32-33, pls III, XIII, XIV, fig. 47.

Janet Backhouse, The Illuminated Manuscript (Oxford: Phaidon, 1979), pl. 22.

Wilfrid Blunt and Sandra Raphael, The Illustrated Herbal (London: Lincoln, 1979), pp. 41-43, pls 40, 42-43.

Nigel Morgan, Early Gothic Manuscripts, 2 vols, A Survey of Manuscripts Illuminated in the British Isles, 4 (London Harvey Miller, 1982-1988), I: 1190-1250, no. 10, pls 26, 28 [with additional bibliography].

Peter Murray Jones, Medieval Medical Miniatures (London: British Library, 1984), pp. 31, 83-84, 100-02, figs 36, 45, pl. VIII.

John E. Murdoch, Album of Science: Antiquity and the Middle Ages, ed. by I. B. Cohen (New York: Scribner's Sons, 1984), nos 167, 191, 264.

Two East Anglian Picture Books : A Facsimile of the Helmingham Herbal and Bestiary and Bodleian Ms. Ashmole 1504, ed. by Nicholas Barker (London: The Roxburghe Club, 1988), p. 31.

Europa und der Orient: 800-1900, ed. by Gereon Sievernich and Hendrik Budde (Berlin: Bertelsmann Lexikon, 1989), no. 6/49 [exhibition catalogue (identified as Sloane 1977)]

Wilifred Blunt and Sandra Raphael, The Illustrated Herbal, 2nd edn (London: Lincoln, 1994), pp. 41, 53, pls 40, 42-43.

Janet Backhouse, The Illuminated Page: Ten Centuries of Manuscript Painting in the British Library (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1997), no. 38.

Peter Murray Jones, Medieval Medicine in Illuminated Manuscripts, 2nd edn (London: British Library, 1998; first publ. as Medieval Medical Miniatures, 1984), pp. 18, 26, 65, 79-81, figs 57, 72-73.

Minta Collins, Medieval Herbals: The Illustrative Traditions (London: British Library, 2000), pp. 205, 207-08, 228 n. 111, 235 n. 246, pl. XX, fig. 57.

Sophie Page, Magic in Medieval Manuscripts (London: British Library, 2004), pp. 24-26, pl. 24.

Jean A. Givens, Observation and Image-Making in Gothic Art (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2005), p. 90, pl. 27.

Peter Murray Jones, ‘Image, Word, and Medicine in the Middle Ages’, in Visualising Medieval Medicine and Natural History, 1200-1550, ed. by Jean A. Givens, Karen M. Reeds, and Alain Touwaide, AVISTA Studies in the History of Medieval Technology, Science, and Art, 5 (Aldershot: Ashgate, 2006), pp. 1-24 (p. 5, fig. 1.2).

The Medieval Bestiary: Animals in the Middle Ages, ed. by David Badke, [http://bestiary.ca/manuscripts/manulocshelf.htm] [accessed 14 August 2009].


Images
* * *
 
Illuminated initial

f. 7v
Illuminated initial
Detail

f. 7v
Detail
Hybrid

f. 8
Hybrid
 
Plant

f. 10v
Plant
Plant

f. 10v
Plant
Man and dog

f. 12
Man and dog
 
Man

f. 12
Man
Man with dragon

f. 13
Man with dragon
Man

f. 13
Man
 
Man and Serpent

f. 14v
Man and Serpent
Vervain

f. 14v
Vervain
Doctor

f. 14v
Doctor
 
Plant

f. 17
Plant
Diana, and plants

f. 17v
Diana, and plants
Detail

f. 17v
Detail
 
Detail

f. 17v
Detail
Detail

f. 17v
Detail
Man and serpent

f. 21
Man and serpent
 
Detail

f. 21
Detail
Detail

f. 21
Detail
Plants

f. 23
Plants
 
Detail

f. 23
Detail
Plant and man with a dog

f. 24
Plant and man with a dog
Detail

f. 24
Detail
 
Detail

f. 24
Detail
Plants

f. 27
Plants
Detail

f. 27
Detail
 
Detail

f. 27
Detail
Detail

f. 27
Detail
Detail

f. 27
Detail
 
Detail

f. 32
Detail
Plants

f. 34
Plants
Detail

f. 34
Detail
 
Detail

f. 34
Detail
Plant, and man with a sword

f. 38
Plant, and man with a sword
Detail

f. 38
Detail
 
Detail

f. 38
Detail
Plant

f. 41
Plant
Plants

f. 43
Plants
 
Detail

f. 43
Detail
Detail

f. 43
Detail
Detail

f. 43
Detail
 
Plants

f. 44v
Plants
Detail

f. 44v
Detail
Detail

f. 44v
Detail
 
Detail

f. 46
Detail
Detail

f. 46v
Detail
Plants

f. 48
Plants
 
Detail

f. 48
Detail
Mandrake

f. 49
Mandrake
Plants

f. 59
Plants
 
Plants

f. 69v
Plants
Plants

f. 73
Plants
Detail

f. 80
Detail
 
Lions and Bull

f. 80v
Lions and Bull
Elephant and Dog

f. 81v
Elephant and Dog
Boy and Girl

f. 85v
Boy and Girl
 
Cat

f. 86v
Cat
Animals

f. 87
Animals
Birds

f. 88v
Birds
 
Medical treatments

f. 91v
Medical treatments
Medical treatments

f. 91v
Medical treatments
Detail

f. 92
Detail
 
Cautery points

f. 92v
Cautery points
Medical procedures

f. 93
Medical procedures

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