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Detailed record for Harley 76

Title Gospels ('The Bury Gospels'), including Jerome's letter 'Novum opus', and prologue (ff. 1v-5), and capitula (ff. 126v-137v)
Origin England (S., Bury or Canterbury?)
Date 1st half of the 11th century
Language Latin
Script Caroline minuscule, written above top line
Decoration 12 canon tables in colours and gold, with architectural decoration, and various figures, such as Christ blessing, Peter and Paul, angels, animals, and hybrid creatures (ff. 6-12v). Incipit page for Mark with border and initial in gold and colours with animal heads (f. 45). Simple initials in red or green.
Dimensions in mm 210 x 272 (155 x 122)
Official foliation ff. 141 ( + an unfoliated parchment leaf at the beginning, after f. 5, two after f. 12, one after f. 44, two after ff. 66 and 102, and at the end, followed by two parchment stubs)
Collation Quires of 8.
Form Parchment codex
Binding Post-1600. 17th-century, with the arms of d'Ewes.
Provenance The abbey of Bury St Edmunds, founded 1020, consecrated 1032: additional, late 11th-century copies of royal and papal charters to the abbey (ff. 137v-140), including one dated 1081 (f. 140) in the hand of a Bury scribe, according to Bishop, and of charters relating to Bury: see discussion Millar, Temple 1976.
Sir Simonds d'Ewes (b.1602, d. 1650), 1st baronet, diarist, antiquary, and friend of Sir Robert Cotton (see Wright 1972): his binding and arms.
Sir Simonds D’Ewes (d. 1722), 3rd baronet and grandson of the former: inherited and later sold the D’Ewes library to Robert Harley on 4 October 1705 for £450 (see Watson 1966).
The Harley Collection, formed by Robert Harley (b. 1661, d. 1724), 1st earl of Oxford and Mortimer, politician, and Edward Harley (b. 1689, d. 1741), 2nd earl of Oxford and Mortimer, book collector and patron of the arts.
Edward Harley bequeathed the library to his widow, Henrietta Cavendish, née Holles (b. 1694, d. 1755) during her lifetime and thereafter to their daughter, Margaret Cavendish Bentinck (b. 1715, d.1785), duchess of Portland; the manuscripts were sold by the Countess and the Duchess in 1753 to the nation for £10,000 (a fraction of their contemporary value) under the Act of Parliament that also established the British Museum; the Harley manuscripts form one of the foundation collections of the British Library.
Select bibliography A Catalogue of the Harleian Manuscripts, in the British Museum, 4 vols (London: [n. pub.], 1808-12), I, no. 76.

W. R. Tymms and M. D. Wyatt, The Art of Illuminating as Practised in Europe from the Earliest Times (London: Day and Sons, 1860, 1860; repr. Studio Editions, 1987), pl. XI.1.

Walter de Gray Birch and Henry Jenner, Early Drawings and Illuminations: An Introduction to the Study of Illustrated Manuscripts (London: Bagster and Sons, 1879), p. 4.

J. A. Herbert, Illuminated Manuscripts (London: Methuen, 1911), p. 130.

[J. A. Herbert], Illuminated Manuscripts and Bindings of Manuscripts Exhibited in The Grenville Library, Guide to the Exhibited Manuscripts, 3 (Oxford: British Museum, 1923), no. 15.

Eric. G. Millar, English Illuminated Manuscripts from the Xth to the XIIIth Century (Paris: Van Oest, 1926), pl. 21.

H. H. Glunz, History of the Vulgate in England from Alcuin to Roger Bacon (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1933), no. 38.

Guide to an Exhibition of English Art gathered from Various Departments and held in the Prints and Drawings Gallery (London: British Museum, 1934.), no. 79.

Theodor Klauser, Das ro¨mische capitulare evangeliorum: Texte und Untersuchungen zu seiner a¨ltesten Geschichte, Liturgiegeschichtliche Quellen und Forschungen, 28 (Munster: Aschendorffschen, 1935), p. L, no. 164.

Hanns Swarzenski, 'The Anhalt Morgan Gospels, Art Bulletin, 31 (1949), 77-83 (p. 78 n. 12).

D. Talbot Rice, English Art 871-1100, Oxford History of English Art, 2 (Oxford: The Clarendon Press, 1952), p. 207.

Medieval Libraries of Great Britain: A List of Surviving Books, ed. by N. R. Ker, 2nd edn, Royal Historical Society Guides and Handbooks, 3 (London: Royal Historical Society, 1964), p. 20.

Andrew G. Watson, The Library of Sir Simonds D'Ewes (London: British Museum, 1966), no. A265.

J. J. G. Alexander, Norman Illumination at Mont St Michel 966-11000 (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1970), p. 107 n. 1.

Elzbieta Temple, Anglo-Saxon Manuscripts 900-1066, Survey of Manuscripts Illuminated in the British Isles, 2 (London: Harvey Miller, 1976), no. 75, pp. 23, 101 [with additional bibliography].

The Golden Age of Anglo-Saxon Art 966-1066, ed. by Janet Backhouse, D. H. Turner, and Leslie Webster (London: British Museum, 1984), no. 58 [exhibition catalogue].

T. A. Heslop, 'The Production of De Luxe Manuscripts and the Patronage of King Cnut and Queen Emma', in Anglo-Saxon England, 19, ed. by Michael Lapidge and others (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1990), pp. 151-98 (p. 153).

Patrick McGurk, ‘The Disposition of Numbers in Latin Eusebian Canon Tables’, in Philologia Sacra: Biblische und patristische Studien für Hermann J. Frede und Walter Thele zu ihrem siebzigsten Geburtstag, ed. by Roger Gryson (Freiburg: Herder, 1993), pp. 242-58 (p. 255).

Richard Marsden, 'Ask What I am Called': The Anglo-Saxons and Their Bibles', in The Bible as Book: The Manuscript Tradition, ed. by John L. Sharpe III and Kimberly Van Kampen (London: British Library, 1998), pp. 145-176 (p.175).

Helmut Gneuss, Handlist of Anglo-Saxon Manuscripts: A List of Manuscripts and Manuscript Fragments Written or Owned in England up to 1100, Medieval and Renaissance Texts and Studies, 241 (Tempe: Arizona Center for Medieval and Renaissance Studies, 2001), no. 413.

Diane Reilly, ‘French Romanesque Giant Bibles’, Scriptorium: Revue internationale des études relatives aux manuscrits, 56 (2002), 294-311 (p. 294 n. 1).

Michelle P. Brown, Manuscripts from the Anglo-Saxon Age (London: British Library, 2007), p. 132, pl. 119.

T. A. Heslop, 'Manuscript Illumination at Worcester c. 1055-1065: The Origins of the Pembroke Lectionary and the Caligula Troper', The Cambridge Illuminations: The Conference Papers, ed. by Stella Panayotova (London-Turnhout: Harvey Miller, 2007), p. 69 n. 25.

Scot McKendrick and Kathleen Doyle, Bible Manuscripts: 1400 Years of Scribes and Scripture (London: British Library, 2007), pp. 10 and 56, fig. 43.


Images
* * *
 
Christ in Majesty

f. 6
Christ in Majesty
Christ in Majesty

f. 6
Christ in Majesty
Canon tables

ff. 6v-7
Canon tables
 
Canon table

f. 7
Canon table
Hybrid beasts

f. 7
Hybrid beasts
Canon table

f. 7v
Canon table
 
Canon tables

ff. 7v-8
Canon tables
Canon table

f. 8
Canon table
Paul

f. 8
Paul
 
Canon tables

f. 8v
Canon tables
Canon tables

f. 8v
Canon tables
Christ and angels

f. 8v
Christ and angels
 
Canon table

f. 9
Canon table
Three female saints

f. 9
Three female saints
Canon tables

f. 9v
Canon tables
 
Angel

f. 9v
Angel
Canon table

f. 10
Canon table
Canon tables

f. 10
Canon tables
 
Angel

f. 10
Angel
Canon table

f. 10v
Canon table
Canon table

f. 11
Canon table
 
Canon table

f. 12
Canon table
Canon table

f. 12v
Canon table
Illuminated initial

f. 45
Illuminated initial
 
Text page

f. 122
Text page

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