You are in Introduction. Click here to skip the navigation.
British Library
Digital Catalogue of Illuminated Manuscripts
 Detail from the Roman de la Rose
About Simple search Manuscript search Advanced search  Virtual exhibitions Glossaries Contact us  Main
print Print this page
home Home
site search Search British Library website
back Back

search tips  Search tips
 
 

 

 
 

Detailed record for Lansdowne 383

Title Psalter (the 'Shaftesbury Psalter') with calendar and prayers
Origin England
Date 2nd quarter of the 12th century
Language Latin
Script Protogothic
Decoration 8 full-page miniatures in colours and gold (ff. 12v, 13, 13v, 14, 14v, 15, 165v, 168v). 3 full borders, in colours and gold (ff. 9, 9v, 10). 1 full-page diagram in colours and gold (f. 2v). 12 calendar historiated 'KL' initials in colours and gold, with zodiac roundels in colours and golds (ff. 3-8v). 1 full-page historiated Beatus initial in colours and gold on a purple ground (f. 15v). 3 large historiated initials in colours and gold at Psalm 51, 109, and a prayer (ff. 57, 108, 159v). 6 large initials in colours and gold with foliate decoration, one partly zoomorphic (f. 166) (ff. 16, 35v, 94v, 166, 169, 170). Large initials in red, blue, green, or purple, many with foliate decoration in another colour or colours. Small initials in red, blue, green or purple. Line-filllers in red, blue, green, or purple.
Dimensions in mm 225 x 140 (150 x 80)
Official foliation ff. 179 ( + 4 unfoliated paper flyleaves at the beginning and 3 at the end)
Form Parchment codex
Binding BM/BL in-house.
Provenance ? Queen Adeliza of Leuven (d. 1151), widow of Henry I, from a Shaftesbury model (see Kauffmann 2001; Geddes 2005 p. 66).
? The Benedictine nunnery of St. Edward, Shaftesbury, Dorset: prominence of Edward in the calendar, litany and wording of the prayers, which are for female use (see Warner 1903; but see discussion in Kauffmann 1975).
f. 1 is a former pastedown containing a fragment of a metrical translation of the work of Henry of Saltrey, St Patrick's Purgatory, in French, 13th century (ff. 1r-1v).
f. 9v has added text in Gothic cursive, and ff. 10-12, 178v-179 have added text in Gothic.
Inscription in English, followed by the name 'Charlton' (f. 2).
Inscription 'Wm Ablardi De Scendlebi [or Skendleby (?), Lincolnshire] ? 1612' (f. 2).
Inscription 'Dorothiy Berington anno domonie 1627' (f. 2).
Former shelfmarks (?) 'A. 1. a'; 'LLd No 64' (ff. [iv], 2).
William Petty (formerly Fitzmaurice) (b. 1737, d. 1805), 2nd earl of Shelburne and 1st marquess of Lansdowne, prime minister; purchased by the British Museum together with 1244 other Lansdowne manuscripts in 1807.
Notes Full digital coverage available for this manuscript: see Digitised Manuscripts at http://www.bl.uk/manuscripts.
Select bibliography [Henry Ellis and Francis Douce], A Catalogue of the Lansdowne Manuscripts in the British Museum (London, 1819), no. 383.

Walter de Gray Birch and Henry Jenner, Early Drawings and Illuminations: An Introduction to the Study of Illustrated Manuscripts (London: Bagster and Sons, 1879), p. 4.

H. L. D. Ward and J. A. Herbert, Catalogue of Romances in the Department of Manuscripts in the British Museum, 3 vols (London: British Museum, 1883-1910), II (1893), pp. 474-76 [for f. 1].

G. F. Warner, Illuminated Manuscripts in the British Museum, series 1-4 (London, 1903), pl. 13.

Schools of Illumination: Reproductions from Manuscripts in the British Museum, 6 vols (London: British Museum, 1914-1930), II: English 12th and 13th Centuries(1915), pls 1c-1e.

[J. A. Herbert], British Museum: Reproductions from Illuminated Manuscripts, Series 2, 3rd edn (London: British Museum, 1923), pl. 9.

[J. A. Herbert], Illuminated Manuscripts and Bindings of Manuscripts Exhibited in The Grenville Library, Guide to the Exhibited Manuscripts, 3 (Oxford: British Museum, 1923), no. 16.

Eric. G. Millar, English Illuminated Manuscripts from the Xth to the XIIIth Century (Paris: Van Oest, 1926), pls 32, 33.

Arthur Watson, The Early Iconography of the Tree of Jesse (London: Humphrey Milford, 1934), pp. 104-05, pl. XVIII.

Guide to an Exhibition of English Art (London: British Museum, 1934), no. 96.

Günther Haseloff, Die Psalterillustration im 13. Jahrhundert : Studien zur Geschichte der Buchmalerei in England, Frankreich und den Niederlanden ([n.p.]:[n.pub.], 1938), p. 8 and passim.

Meyer Schapiro, 'From Mozarabic to Romanesque in Silo', Art Bulletin 21 (1939), 313-74 (p. 349 n. 123).

M. A. Farley and F. Wormald, ‘Three Related English Romanesque Manuscripts’ Art Bulletin 22 (1940), 157-60.

The Monastic Breviary of Hyde Abbey, Winchester: MSS. Rawlinson Liturg. e. 1*, and Gough Liturg. 8, in the Bodleian Library, Oxford, ed. by J. B. L. Tolhurst, Henry Bradshaw Society, LXV-LXXX, 6 vols (London: Henry Bradshaw Society, 1932-1942), 6, p. 241.

Margaret Rickert, Painting in Britain: the Middle Ages, 2nd edn (London: Penguin Books, 1965), pp. 69-70, 229 n. 39, pl. 68 (B).

T. S. R. Boase, English Art 1100-1216, Oxford History of English Art, 2 (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1957), pp. 108-10, 174, pls 31b, 31d, 37b.

C. R. Dodwell, The Canterbury School of Illumination 1066-1200 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1954), pp. 46, 70.

André Grabar and Carl Nordenfalk Romanesque Painting from the Eleventh to the Thirteenth Century, trans. by Stuart Gilbert (Lausanne: SKIRA , 1958), p. 170.

Otto Pächt, C. R. Dodwell, and Francis Wormald, The St. Albans Psalter (Albani Psalter) (London: Warburg Institute, 1960), pp. 52 n. 1, 163, 170, 200, pl. 157b.

Theophilus, The Various Arts (De Diversis Artibus), trans. with introduction by C. R. Dodwell (London: Nelson and Sons, 1961), pp. xxix-xxx.

Medieval Libraries of Great Britain: A List of Surviving Books, ed. by N. R. Ker, 2nd edn, Royal Historical Society Guides and Handbooks, 3 (London: Royal Historical Society, 1964), p. 177.

D. H. Turner, Romanesque Illuminated Manuscripts in the British Museum (London: British Museum, 1966), pp. 8-9.

Illuminated Manuscripts Exhibited in the Grenville Library (London: British Museum, 1967), no. 9.

C. M. Kauffmann, Romanesque Manuscripts 1066-1190, Survey of Manuscripts Illuminated in the British Isles, 3, (London: Harvey Miller, 1975), no. 48 [with additional bibliography]

Andrew G. Watson, Catalogue of Dated and Datable Manuscripts c. 700-1600 in The Department of Manuscripts: The British Library, 2 vols (London: British Library, 1979), no. 850.

Nigel Morgan, 'Notes on the Post-Conquest Calendar, Litany and Martyrology of the Cathedral Priory of Winchester with a Consideration of Winchester Diocese Calendars of the Pre-Sarum period', in The Vanishing Past: Medieval Studies Presented to Chrisopher Hohler, ed. by Alan Borg and Andrew Martindale (Oxford: B. A. R., 1981), pp. 133-74 (p. 156).

Lucy Freemen Sandler, The Psalter of Robert de Lisle (London: Harvey Miller, 1983), p. 103 n. 46.

English Romanesque Art 1066-1200, Hayward Gallery, London 5 April-8 July 1984 (London: Arts Council of Great Britain, 1984), no. 25 [with additional bibliography].

Rodney M. Thomson, Manuscripts from St Albans Abbey 1066-1235, 2 vols (Woodbridge: D. S. Brewer, 1982), II, pls 122, 123.

François Avril, Xavier Barral I Altet, and Danielle Gaborit-Chopin, Le Monde Roman 1060-1200, 2 vols (Paris: Gallimard, 1983), I Les Royaumes d’Occident, pp. 213-14, pl. 179.

Suzanne Lewis, The Art of Matthew Paris in the Chronica Majora (Aldershot: Scolar Press, 1987), p. 499 n. 7.

Francis Wormald, Collected Writings, ed. by J. J. G. Alexander, T. J. Brown, and Joan Gibbs, 2 vols (London: Harvey Miller, 1984-1988), II: Studies in English and Continental Art of the Later Middle Ages, p. 29.

George Henderson and T. A. Heslop, 'Decoration and Illustration', in The Eadwine Psalter: Text, Image, and Monastic Culture in Twelfth-Century Canterbury, ed. by Margaret Gibson, T. A. Heslop, and Richard W. Pfaff, Modern Humanities Research Association, 14 (London: Pennsylvania State University Press, 1992), pp. 25-61 (pp. 28 n. 8, 30 n. 16 , 31 n. 23).

Madeline H. Caviness, 'Patron or Matron? A Capetian Bride and a Vade Mecum for Her Marriage Bed', Speculum: A Journal of Medieval Studies, 68 (1993), 333-362 (p. 350, pl. 35).

Peter Lasko, Ars Sacra 800-1200, 2nd edn (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1994), p. 253.

Walter Cahn, Romanesque Manuscripts: The Twelfth Century, 2 vols (London: Harvey Miller, 1996), II, 32.

Janet Backhouse, The Illuminated Page: Ten Centuries of Manuscript Painting in the British Library (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1997, no. 31.

Ruth J. Dean and Maureen B. M. Boulton, Anglo-Norman Literature: A Guide to Texts and Manuscripts, Anglo-Norman Text Society, Occasional Publications Series, 3 (London: Anglo-Norman Text Society, 1999), no. 549 [f. 1r-1v].

Barbara Zeitler, 'The Distorting Mirror: Reflections on the Queen Melisende Psalter (London, B. L., Egerton 1139)', in Through the Looking Glass: Byzantium Through British Eyes, ed. by Robin Cormack and Elizabeth Jeffreys, Society for the Promotion of Byzantine Studies, 7 (Aldershot: Ashgate, 2000), pp. 69-81 (p. 73 n. 19).

C. M. Kauffmann, 'British Library, Lansdowne Ms. 383: the Shaftesbury Psalter?' New Offerings, Ancient Treasures: Studies in Medieval Art for George Henderson, ed by Paul Binski and William Noel (Stroud, 2001), pp. 257-79.

Rodney Thomson, 'Minor Manuscript Decoration from the West of England in the Twelfth Century', in Reading Texts and Images: Essays on Medieval and Renaissance Art and Patronage in honour of Margaret M. Manion, ed. by Bernard J. Muir (Exeter: University of Exeter Press, 2002), pp. 19-34 (p. 25 n. 21, 29 n. 35).

C. M. Kauffmann, Biblical Imagery in Medieval England 700-1500 (London: Harvey Miller, 2003), pp. 118-36, 156-57, 191, 228, figs 88, 91, 94, 96, 98-102, 123, 126, 128, 131, 134, 135, 137, 138, pl. VI.

Jane Geddes, The St Albans Psalter: A Book for Christina of Markyate (London: British Library, 2005), pp. 66, 86, 127, fig. 41.

Scot McKendrick and Kathleen Doyle, Bible Manuscripts: 1400 Years of Scribes and Scripture (London: British Library, 2007), p. 90, fig. 77.

Margaret Scott, Medieval Dress & Fashion (London: British Library, 2007), p. 44, pl. 17.

Herbert L. Kessler, ‘Evil Eye(ing): Romanesque Art as A Shield of Faith’, in Romanesque: Art and Thought in the Twelfth Century: Essays in Honor of Walter Cahn, ed. by Colum Hourihane, Index of Christian Art Occasional Papers, 10 (Princeton: Index of Christian Art, 2008), pp. 107-35 (p. 109).

Royal Manuscripts: The Genius of Illumination (London: British Library, 2011), no. 11 [exhibition catalogue].

Nicholas Vincent, 'The Great Lost Library of England's Medieval Kings' in1000 Years of Royal Books and Manuscripts, ed. by Kathleen Doyle and Scot McKendrick (London: The British Library, 2013), pp. 73-112 (pp. 91-92).
Last revised: 19 December 2006


Images
* * *
 
Calendar

f. 2v
Calendar
January

f. 3
January
Janus

f. 3
Janus
 
Aquarius

f. 3
Aquarius
February

f. 3v
February
Detail

f. 3v
Detail
 
Detail

f. 3v
Detail
March

f. 4
March
Detail

f. 4
Detail
 
Aries

f. 4
Aries
April

f. 4v
April
April

f. 4v
April
 
Taurus

f. 4v
Taurus
May

f. 5
May
Detail

f. 5
Detail
 
Gemini

f. 5
Gemini
June

f. 5v
June
Detail

f. 5v
Detail
 
Cancer

f. 5v
Cancer
July

f. 6
July
Detail

f. 6
Detail
 
Leo

f. 6
Leo
August

f. 6v
August
Detail

f. 6v
Detail
 
Virgo

f. 6v
Virgo
September

f. 7
September
Detail

f. 7
Detail
 
Libra

f. 7
Libra
October

f. 7v
October
Detail

f. 7v
Detail
 
Scorpio

f. 7v
Scorpio
November

f. 8
November
Detail

f. 8
Detail
 
Sagittarius

f. 8
Sagittarius
December

f. 8v
December
Detail

f. 8v
Detail
 
Capricorn

f. 8v
Capricorn
Text page

f. 9
Text page
Text page

f. 9v
Text page
 
Text page

f. 10
Text page
Gabriel

f. 12v
Gabriel
Holy Women at the Tomb

f. 13
Holy Women at the Tomb
 
The Ascension

f. 13v
The Ascension
Pentecost

f. 14
Pentecost
Christ in Majesty

f. 14v
Christ in Majesty
 
Christ in Majesty

f. 14v
Christ in Majesty
Abbess

f. 14v
Abbess
Tree of Jesse

f. 15
Tree of Jesse
 
Beatus page

f. 15v
Beatus page
Detail

f. 15v
Detail
Detail

f. 15v
Detail
 
Beatus page

f. 15v
Beatus page
Detail

f. 15v
Detail
Illuminated initial

f. 16
Illuminated initial
 
Detail

f. 16
Detail
Detail

f. 35v
Detail
Detail

f. 47
Detail
 
David

f. 57
David
Detail

f. 57
Detail
Detail

f. 82
Detail
 
God and Christ

f. 108
God and Christ
Detail

f. 108
Detail
Coloured initials

f. 108v
Coloured initials
 
Coloured initials

f. 144v
Coloured initials
Coloured initials

f. 145v
Coloured initials
Text page

f. 153v
Text page
 
Mary

f. 159v
Mary
Detail

f. 159v
Detail
Virgin and Child

f. 165v
Virgin and Child
 
Virgin and Child

f. 165v
Virgin and Child
Zoomorphic initial

f. 166
Zoomorphic initial
Zoomorphic initial

f. 166
Zoomorphic initial
 
Michael

f. 168v
Michael
Michael

f. 168v
Michael
Illuminated initial

f. 169
Illuminated initial
 
Decorated initial

f. 170
Decorated initial
Text page

f. 171v
Text page
Coloured initials

f. 172
Coloured initials
 

print Print this page
home Home
site search Search British Library website
back Back
top Back