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Detailed record for Egerton 2781

Title Book of Hours, Use of Sarum (The 'Neville of Hornby Hours')
Origin England, S. E. (London?)
Date 2nd quarter of the 14th century, possibly the 4th decade
Language Latin and French
Script Gothic
Decoration 3 full-page miniatures in colours and gold (f. 1v, 190, 190v). 2 full-page miniatures in two registers within a border, in colours and gold (f. 8r-v). Numerous large rectangular miniatures in colours and gold (ff. 9v-20v; 29, 35, 36, 36v, 37v, 42, 44, 45, 45v, 46v, 49, 50v, 71, 71v, 72v, 73, 73v, 74, 75, 75v, 76v, 77, 78v, 79, 80v, 88, 101v, 112). Numerous large historiated initials in colours and gold. 24 roundels of the labours and signs of the months, in colours and gold (ff. 2-7v). 12 'KL' letters in red and blue on gold grounds with three-sided bar borders in colours and gold (ff. 2-7v). Partial and full bar borders, with leaves and knots, some with hybrid creatures or faces or dragons in the bar borders (ff. 44, 45v, 46v, 51, 125v, 138, 15v, 166v, 174v). Marginal figures in colours around the bar borders (ff. 53, 85v, 88v, 119, 125v). Large initials in colours and gold with foliate decoration. Small initials in gold on red and blue grounds, with whilte filigree. Initials in colours and gold. Words in red, blue, or gold. Line-fillers in combinations of red, blue, and gold. Some figures unfinished.
Dimensions in mm 170 x 110 (115 x 70)
Official foliation ff. 190 ( + 4 unfoliated parchment flyleaves at the beginning and at the end)
Form Parchment codex
Binding Post-1600. Brown leather signed by Hardy, 1855; gilding signed by marius Michel; gilt edges.
Provenance ? Isabel de Byron, wife of Robert I de Neville (1324) of Hornby manor in Melling parish, Lonsdale Hundred, north Lancashire: perhaps her portrait as a widow, with banners bearing the arms of Neville of Hornby, argent, a saltire gules (on the dexter side) and perhaps the Byron arms or, a bend gules three bezants (on the sinister side) (f. 190) (see Smith pp. 33-34).
Dufresne family: its book-plate (f. [ii]); probably bound for them.
Purchased at a sale in Paris, 15 March 1893, by the British Museum, using the Bridgewater fund (£12,000 bequeathed in 1829 by Francis Henry Egerton, 8th Earl of Bridgewater (b. 1756, d. 1829).
Notes Egerton 2781 is closely related in style and iconographic content to the Taymouth Hours (Yates Thompson 13) and the Smithfield Decretals (Royal 10 E IV).
Select bibliography Catalogue of Additions to the Manuscripts in the British Museum in the Years 1888-1893 (London: British Museum, 1894), no. Eg. 2781.

J. A. Herbert, Illuminated Manuscripts (London: Methuen, 1911), p. 231 n. 4.

[J. A. Herbert], British Museum: Reproductions from Illuminated Manuscripts, Series 2, 3rd edn (London: British Museum, 1923), pl. 15.

[J. A. Herbert],Illuminated Manuscripts and Bindings of Manuscripts Exhibited in The Grenville Library, Guide to the Exhibited Manuscripts, 3 (London: British Museum, 1923), no. 30.

Eric. G. Millar, English Illuminated Manuscripts of the XIVth and XVth Century (Paris: Van Oest, 1928), p. 83.

A Guide to the Exhibition of Some Part of the Egerton Collection of Manuscripts in the British Museum (London, 1929), no. 16.

Guide to an Exhibition of English Art (London: British Museum, 1934), no. 124.

Rossell Hope Robbins, 'The Arma Christi Rolls', Modern Language Review, 34 (1939), 415-21 (p. 419 n. 3)

Lilian M. C. Randall, Images in the Margins of Gothic Manuscripts (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1966), p. 31.

Janet Backhouse, Books of Hours (London: British Library, 1985), fig. 46.

Lynda Dennison, 'The Fitzwarin Psalter and its Allies': A Reappraisal', in England in the Fourteenth Century: Proceedings of the 1985 Harlaxton Symposium, ed. by W. M. Ormrod (Woodbridge: Boydell, 1986), pp. 42-66 (pp. 46, 60-61, 65).

Lucy Freeman Sandler, Gothic Manuscripts 1285-1385, 2 vols, A Survey of Manuscripts Illuminated in the British Isles, 5 (London: Harvey Miller, 1986), no. 115.

Christopher Norton, David Park, and Paul Binski, Dominican Painting in East Anglia: The Thornham Parva Retable and the Musée de Cluny Frontal (Woodbridge: Boydell: 1987), pp. 51 n. 99, 76.

Francis Wormald, Collected Writings, ed. by J. J. G. Alexander, T. J. Brown, and Joan Gibbs, 2 vols (London: Harvey Miller, 1984-1988), II: Studies in English and Continental Art of the Later Middle Ages, pp. 91, 96, pls 94, 95.

Claire Donovan, 'The Mise-en-Page of Early Books of Hours in England' in Medieval Book Production: Assessing the Evidence, ed. by Linda l. Brownrigg, Proceedings of the Second Conference of The Seminar in the History of the Book to 1500, Oxford, July 1988 (Los Altos Hills, California: Anderson-Lovelace, 1990), pp. 147-61 (p. 150, fig. 2).

Nigel Morgan, 'Texts and Images of Marian Devotion in Fourteenth-Century England', in England in the Fourteenth Century: Proceedings of the 1991 Harlaxton Symposium, ed. by. Nicholas Rogers (Stamford: Watkins, 1993), pp. 30-53 (p. 49).

Kathryn A. Smith, 'Canonizing the Apocryphal: London, British Library MS 2781 and its Visual, Devotional and Social Contexts', unpublished PhD thesis, Institute of Fine Arts, New York University, 1996.

Janet Backhouse, The Illuminated Page: Ten Centuries of Manuscript Painting in the British Library (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1997, no. 99.

Kathryn A. Smith, 'The Neville of Hornby Hours and the Design of Literate Devotion', Art Bulletin 81 (1999), 72-92 (pls 1-5, 8-19, 22, 26-27).

Mary Coker Joslin and Carolyn Coker Joslin Watson, The Egerton Genesis (London: British Library, 2001), p. 176.

Alixe Bovey, ‘A Pictorial Ex Libris in the Smithfield Decretals: John Batayle, Canon of St Bartholomew's, and his Illuminated Law Book’ in Decoration and Illustration in Medieval English Manuscripts, English Manuscript Studies 1100-1700, 10 (London: British Library, 2002), pp. 67-91 (pp. 73, 75-77, pl. 13).

Nigel Morgan, 'Patrons and Devotional Images in English Art of the International Gothic c. 1350-1450', in Reading Texts and Images: Essays on Medieval and Renaissance Art and Patronage in honour of Margaret M. Manion, ed. by Bernard J. Muir (Exeter: University of Exeter Press, 2002), pp. 93-122 (pp. 96-97).

Kathryn A. Smith, Art, Identity and Devotion in Fourteenth-Century England: Three Women and their Books of Hours, (London: British Library, 2003), passim, pls. 6-8, figs 4-9, 30, 57, 61, 63, 67, 73, 87, 89, 91, 95-106, 109-12, 116-19, 121-23, 128-29, 134-39.

Janet Backhouse, Illumination from Book of Hours (London: British Library, 2004), fig. 102.

Deirdre Jackson, 'The Influence of the Theophilus Legend: An Overlooked Miniature in Alfonso X's Cantigas de Santa Maria and its Wider Context', in Under the Influence: The Concept of Influence and the Study of Illuminated Manuscripts, ed. by John Lowden and Alixe Bovey (Turnhout: Brepols, 2007), pp. 75-87 (pp. 82-83, fig. 5).

Deirdre Jackson, Marvellous to Behold: Miracles in Medieval Manuscripts (London: British Library, 2007), p. 67, pl. 56..

Margaret Scott, Medieval Dress & Fashion (London: British Library, 2007), p. 100, pl.56.


Images
* * *
 
The earth

f. 1v
The earth
Spheres

f. 1v
Spheres
January

f. 2
January
 
Noah; Sacrifice of Issac

f. 8
Noah; Sacrifice of Issac
Isaac; Jacob

f. 8v
Isaac; Jacob
Decorated initial

f. 9
Decorated initial
 
Birth of the Virgin

f. 9v
Birth of the Virgin
Presentation of the Virgin to the Temple

f. 10
Presentation of the Virgin to the Temple
The Visitation

f. 11v
The Visitation
 
Virgin and Child

f. 12v
Virgin and Child
The Nativity

f. 13
The Nativity
The Adoration of the Magi

f. 13v
The Adoration of the Magi
 
The Flight into Egypt

f. 14
The Flight into Egypt
Christ teaching

f. 15
Christ teaching
Wedding at Cana

f. 15v
Wedding at Cana
 
Wedding at Cana

f. 15v
Wedding at Cana
Ecclesia

f. 17
Ecclesia
The Virgin

f. 18v
The Virgin
 
The Coronation of the Virgin

f. 20v
The Coronation of the Virgin
Miracle

f. 24
Miracle
Miracle

f. 24v
Miracle
 
Virgin and Child

f. 25v
Virgin and Child
The Virgin blessing

f. 29v
The Virgin blessing
Cross

f. 36
Cross
 
Christopher

f. 36v
Christopher
The Betrayal

f. 44
The Betrayal
Illuminated initial

f. 44v
Illuminated initial
 
Flagellation

f. 45
Flagellation
The Crucifixion

f. 49
The Crucifixion
The Deposition

f. 50v
The Deposition
 
Hybrid

f. 51
Hybrid
The Annunciation

f. 53
The Annunciation
Illuminated initial

f. 58v
Illuminated initial
 
The Visitation

f. 62
The Visitation
The Annunciation

f. 71
The Annunciation
Pentecost

f. 71v
Pentecost
 
The Trinity

f. 72v
The Trinity
Andrew

f. 76v
Andrew
Lawrence

f. 77
Lawrence
 
Catherine

f. 78v
Catherine
Suffrage

f. 80v
Suffrage
Decorated initial

f. 85
Decorated initial
 
The Presentation

f. 85v
The Presentation
Heads

f. 88
Heads
Miracle

f. 88v
Miracle
 
Christ and the Doctors

f. 91v
Christ and the Doctors
Christ and the Doctors

f. 91v
Christ and the Doctors
Christ

f. 94v
Christ
 
Christ

f. 97
Christ
The Virgin

ff. 101v-102
The Virgin
Litany

f. 103v
Litany
 
Allegories

f. 108v
Allegories
The Adoration of the Magi

f. 112
The Adoration of the Magi
Illuminated initials

f. 121v
Illuminated initials
 
Woman

f. 125v
Woman
Text page

f. 132v
Text page
Judas

f. 133v
Judas
 
The Last Supper

f. 134v
The Last Supper
The Agony

f. 136v
The Agony
The Betrayal

f. 138
The Betrayal
 
Annas

f. 140
Annas
Caiaphas

f. 141
Caiaphas
Pilate

f. 143v
Pilate
 
Flagellation of Christ

f. 146v
Flagellation of Christ
Flagellation of Christ

f. 146v
Flagellation of Christ
Pilate

f. 147v
Pilate
 
Pilate

f. 149v
Pilate
Mocking of Christ

f. 151v
Mocking of Christ
Christ carrying the Cross

f. 153v
Christ carrying the Cross
 
Christ

f. 155
Christ
The Raising of the Cross

f. 156
The Raising of the Cross
The Crucifixion

f. 157v
The Crucifixion
 
The Crucifixion

f. 159
The Crucifixion
The Crucifixion

f. 161v
The Crucifixion
The Crucifixion

f. 162v
The Crucifixion
 
The Deposition

f. 164
The Deposition
Annointing

f. 165v
Annointing
Pilate

f. 166v
Pilate
 
The Resurrection

f. 167v
The Resurrection
Text page

f. 169v
Text page
The Empty Tomb

f. 170
The Empty Tomb
 
The Resurrection

f. 171
The Resurrection
Joseph

f. 172
Joseph
Joseph

f. 172
Joseph
 
City

f. 173
City
Soldier

f. 174v
Soldier
Caiaphas

f. 177v
Caiaphas
 
The Ascension

f. 178v
The Ascension
Nicodemus

f. 181
Nicodemus
Joseph, Caiaphas and Annas

f. 182v
Joseph, Caiaphas and Annas
 
Joseph

f. 185
Joseph
Empty tombs

f. 186v
Empty tombs
Writers

f. 188
Writers
 
Converts

f. 189
Converts

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