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Detailed record for Arundel 302

Title Book of Hours, Use of Sarum
Origin England, S. E. (Suffolk, Bury St Edmunds?)
Date 2nd or 3rd quarter of the 15th century
Language Latin
Script Gothic
Artists The arms probably by the artist of the Arundel Castle Lives of Edmund and Fremund, according to Rogers 1987
Decoration 2 full-page miniatures, accompanied by large foliate initials on the opposite page, with full foliate borders, in colours and gold (ff. 57, 78), another missing before f. 13, at the beginning of the main texts. 17 miniatures, some accompagnied by large foliate initials, all with full foliate borders, in colours and gold, at the beginning of the other texts (ff. 20v, 35, 39v, 42v, 45, 47v, 50, 56v, 77v, 129v, 139v, 152, 156, 159v, 163, 165v, 166v, 167v, 168v). 1 small historiated initial, accompanied by a full foliate border, in colours and gold (f. 130v). 1 initial with arms and 1 with a shield with the symbol of the Trinity, accompanied by full foliate borders, in colours and gold (ff. 148v, 156v). Numerous three-sided foliate borders, in colours and gold. Large foliate initials, in colours and gold. Small initials (2 lines) in gold on red and blue grounds. Small initials (1 line) in gold with purple pen-flourishing or in blue with red pen-flourishing. Line-fillers decorated in blue and gold.
Dimensions in mm 145 x 100 (85 x 55)
Official foliation ff. 170 (+ 1 modern and 2 old paper flyleaves at the beginning, and 1 old and 1 modern paper flyleaves at the end)
Collation i-ii6 (ff. 1-12); iii8+1-1 (1st inserted leaf excised; ff. 13-20), iv-x8 (ff. 21-76); xi8+1 (1st leaf inserted; ff. 77-85), xii-xvi8 (ff. 86-127), xvii8+2 (1st-2nd leaves inserted; ff. 128-137), xviii-xix8 (ff. 138-153), xx10 (ff. 154-163), 21seven (ff. 164-170); ends imperfect.
Form Parchment codex
Binding BM/BL in-house. Rebound in 1962; yellow edges.
Provenance Made for a Hamelden of Holton St Peter, Suffolk: arms (f. 148v) (see Scott 1996, II, p. 259).
Robertus Bonyng, 15th century: inscription (f. 154).
Pen-initials 'TH'(?) (ff. 26, 35, 40v, 41).
? Thomas Howard (b. 1585, d. 1646), 2nd earl of Arundel, 4th earl of Surrey, and 1st earl of Norfolk, art collector and politician.
Henry Howard (b. 1628, d. 1684), 6th duke of Norfolk, presented to the Royal Society in 1667.
The Royal Society, London (its ink stamp: 'Soc. Reg. Lond / ex dono HENR. HOWARD / Norfolciensis.', f. 1v).
Purchased by the British Museum from the Royal Society of London together with 549 other Arundel manuscripts in 1831.
Notes Includes a calendar (ff. 1-12v); the Hours of the Virgin (ff. 13-56), the Penitential Psalms and the Litany (ff. 57-76v), the Office of the Dead (ff. 78-128), prayers to Our Lord (ff. 130-138v), prayers to the Virgin (ff. 139-151v); Litany to the Virgin (ff. 152-156); prayer to the Trinity (ff. 156v-158v); Bede's prayer in the Seven Last Words (ff. 159-162); prayers to Veronica, Melchior, Gaspar, Balthazar (ff. 162-168); prayer to the Three Magi (ff. 168v-170v), (ends imperfect).
Select bibliography Catalogue of Manuscripts in The British Museum, New Series, 1 vol. in 2 parts (London: British Museum, 1834-1840), I, part 1: The Arundel Manuscripts, p. 89.

Walter de Gray Birch and Henry Jenner, Early Drawings and Illuminations: An Introduction to the Study of Illustrated Manuscripts (London: Bagster and Sons, 1879), p. 15.

Nicholas J. Rogers, ‘Fitzwilliam Museum MS 3-1979: A Bury St Edmunds Book of Hours and the Origins of the Bury Style’, in England in the Fifteenth Century: Proceedings of the 1986 Harlaxton Symposium, ed. by David Williams (Woodbridge: Boydell Press, 1987), pp. 229-43 (p. 237).

Kathleen L. Scott, Later Gothic Manuscripts 1390-1490, 2 vols, A Survey of Manuscripts Illuminated in the British Isles, 6 (London: Harvey Miller, 1996), I: Text and Illustrations, pp. 29, 38, 39, 57, 67 n. 41, 77 n. 41, II: Catalogue and Indexes, no. 92, pp. 134, 232, 240, 256, 257, 258-59, Table III, pls. 360-62.

Kathleen Scott, 'The Illustration and Decoration of the Register of the Fraternity of the Holy Trinity at Luton Church, 1475-1546', in The English Medieval Book: Studies in Memory of Jeremy Griffiths, ed. by A. S. G. Edwards, Vincent Gillespie and Ralph Hanna (London: British Library, 2000), pp. 155-83 (pp. 155, 180 n. 7, pl. 11).

Gothic Art for England 1400-1547, ed. by Richard Marks and Paul Williamson (London: Victoria and Albert Museum, 2003), p. 303.

Janet Backhouse, Illumination from Books of Hours (London: British Library, 2004), no. 45.

Kathleen L. Scott, 'The Decorated Letters of Two Cotton Manuscripts', in Tributes to Jonathan J. G. Alexander: The Making and Meaning of Illuminated Medieval & Renaissance Manuscripts, Art & Architecture, ed. by Susan L'Engle and Gerald B. Guest (London: Harvey Miller, 2006), pp. 99-110 (p. 104 n. 38).
Last revised: 02 December 2005


Images
* * *
 
Decorated initial

f. 13
Decorated initial
Initials and border

f. 30v
Initials and border
Arrest of Christ

f. 35
Arrest of Christ
 
Detail

f. 35
Detail
Christ before Pilate

f. 39v
Christ before Pilate
Christ before Pilate

f. 39v
Christ before Pilate
 
Flagellation

f. 42v
Flagellation
Detail

f. 42v
Detail
Christ being nailed to the Cross

f. 45
Christ being nailed to the Cross
 
Detail

f. 45
Detail
Crucifixion

f. 47v
Crucifixion
Detail

f. 47v
Detail
 
Entombment

f. 50
Entombment
Detail

f. 50
Detail
Christ in Majesty

f. 56v
Christ in Majesty
 
Detail

f. 56v
Detail
Initial and full border

f. 57
Initial and full border
Detail

f. 63
Detail
 
Funeral Service

f. 77v
Funeral Service
Detail

f. 77v
Detail
Resurrection

f. 128v
Resurrection
 
Resurrection

f. 130v
Resurrection
Annunciation

f. 139v
Annunciation
Initial and full border

f. 148v
Initial and full border
 
Virgin and Child

f. 152
Virgin and Child
Detail

f. 152
Detail
Trinity

f. 156
Trinity
 
Detail

f. 156
Detail
Initial and full border

f. 156v
Initial and full border
Detail

f. 156v
Detail
 
Veronica

f. 163
Veronica
Journey of King Melchior

f. 165v
Journey of King Melchior
Journey of King Jaspar

f. 166v
Journey of King Jaspar
 

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