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The French Prime Minister Georges Clémenceau played a key role at the Peace Conference held in Versailles in June 1919. In agreement with French public opinion, he considered Germany responsible for the outbreak of the war and believed it should pay compensation for damages. However, due to the increasing presence of the United Nations, Clémenceau had to take into account US President Woodrow Wilson’s opinion that instead of retribution the League of Nations should work towards peace and prosperity.