A small crowd gathers in an Italian city around a poster announcing the death of the Austro-Hungarian Emperor Franz Joseph I. Franz Joseph was a hated and feared enemy for Italy, above all during the struggles for independence. Before becoming a kingdom, Italy was in large part under the power of the Austro-Hungarian Empire and even after the unification some areas were still ruled by Austria-Hungary. Franz Joseph’s death, on 21 November 1916, represented the end of an era. In fact, two years later the Austro-Hungarian Empire ended.
- Article by:
- David Stevenson
- Origins, outbreak and conclusions
World War One resulted in radical changes to national boundaries. Professor David Stevenson explains the changes that took place in Europe's political geography.