Frederik and Mathilde Bajer founders of the Association of Danish Neutrality and the Danish Women's Society
In 1882, Fredrik Bajer (1837-1922) founded Foreningen til Danmarks Nevtralisering, the Association of Danish Neutrality, later known as the Danish Peace Association. He nurtured the progressive and almost revolutionary ideal that wars would be replaced by legal disputes, and that violent, military confrontations would become remnants of a remote, barbaric past. In spite of that he supported the political movements in favour of a military answer to the defence of Danish neutrality.
Mathilde Bajer, Fredrik’s wife and co-founder of the Danish Women’s Society, was also an activist within the peace cause. In 1906 she took the initiative to form the Danish Women’s Peace Association, inspired by the world-famous Austrian writer and pacifist Bertha von Suttner’s visit to Copenhagen.
In 1908 Fredrik Bajer was granted the Nobel Peace Prize, but a few years later the outbreak of World War One brought an end to his dream and he withdrew from his work on peace.
Fredrik Bajer (1837-1922) stiftede i 1882 Foreningen til Danmarks Nevtralisering, senere kaldet Dansk Fredsforening. Bajer havde en fremskridtsoptimistisk og nærmest evolutionær tro på, at krige ville afløses af retslige tvister, og at voldelige, militære konfrontationer hørte en fjern, barbarisk fortid til. Dette til trods støttede han de politiske kræfter, der mente, at Danmark skulle forsvare sin neutralitet militært. Bajers hustru, Matilde Bajer, der var medstifter af Dansk Kvindesamfund, arbejdede også aktivt for fredssagen. Hun tog i 1906 initiativ til Danske Kvinders Fredsforening, foranlediget af den verdensberømte østriger Bertha von Suttners besøg i København. Fredrik Bajer modtog Nobels Fredspris i 1908. Få år efter aflivede 1. Verdenskrigs udbrud Bajers fredsutopi, og han trak sig ud af fredarbejdet.
- Article by:
- Martin Ceadel
With particular focus on conscription, Professor Martin Ceadal discusses instances of pacifism and conscientious objection during World War One in Britain, the US, Canada and New Zealand.
- Article by:
- David Stevenson
- Origins, outbreak and conclusions
Considering factors such as globalization and military advancement, Professor David Stevenson examines the political and diplomatic landscape of Europe before the outbreak of World War One.