Illustration of King John delivering Magna Carta to the Barons

Description

This coloured print reproduces a painting by John Hamilton Mortimer (1740-79), exhibited at the Society of Artists in 1776. Imagining the scene of the granting of Magna Carta at Runnymede, Mortimer shows Archbishop Langton (1150-1228) on the point of handing over the charter to Robert fitz Walter (1162-1235), the leader of the rebel barons. Mortimer had trained under Robert Edge Pine (1730-88) and was acquainted with some of the leading radical politicians of the day, including John Wilkes (1725-97). Indeed, Mortimer often painted subjects from English history to reflect his political sympathies. The engraving from which this print was produced was begun by William Wynne Ryland in 1783, but later that year he was convicted of handling forged bills and was hanged at Tyburn in London. Ryland’s widow, Mary, raised a subscription for this print to be published in her husband’s memory.

Full title:
The ratifying the Magna Charta by King John; King John delivering Magna Carta to the Barons
Published:
London
Created:
1783
Format:
Illustration
Creator:
John Hamilton Mortimer , William Palmer , William Pether
Held by:
The British Museum
Copyright:
© Trustees of the British Museum and British Museum Standard Terms of Use
Shelfmark:
1877,0609.1832

Related articles

Consequences of Magna Carta

Article by:
Nicholas Vincent
Themes:
Clauses and content, Medieval origins

The agreement at Runnymede in 1215 had broad consequences for medieval England. Professor Nicholas Vincent explores the immediate impact of Magna Carta, considering the Civil War, the re-issue of the charter and the formation of early forms of parliament.

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