This satirical drawing shows Emperor Franz Joseph I of Austria drowning in a sea of blood, trying to save himself by clinging to a noose. The sea represents the blood of World War One’s victims, and the noose shows there is no hope for the Austro-Hungarian Empire and its emperor after the conflict. The war began after the murder of Franz Joseph’s nephew and heir to the throne, Franz Ferdinand, by Gavrilo Princip, a Serbian nationalist. Franz Joseph I did not want to declare war on Serbia because, aged 84, he didn’t want to face all the horrors it would bring. The imperial army, however, forced him to sign the declaration.