Magna Carta, 1297

Description

After 1225 no new versions of either Magna Carta or the Charter of the Forest were issued. Instead, when called upon to do so, Henry III and his successors simply confirmed the charters of 1225. One of the most famous confirmations was that of King Edward I (r. 1272–1307) in 1297, since it was this confirmation of Magna Carta that was copied on to the Statute Roll. Four originals survive, and this version was widely copied. The confirmation took the form of a letter patent in which the king declared that he had inspected his father’s Magna Carta. He then recited the whole of the 1225 charter, before ordering that its articles be observed in every respect. Since Edward himself was in Flanders at this time, the letter was the work of the government at home, acting in his name. It was witnessed by Edward’s son, the future Edward II (r. 1307–27), at Westminster on 10 October 1297. The letter was originally authenticated with the Great Seal, lost in this example. The 1225 Forest Charter was confirmed at the same time in similar letters.

Full title:
Magna Carta, 1297
Created:
1297
Format:
Manuscript
Held by:
National Archives
Copyright:
© National Archives
Shelfmark:
DL 10/197

Related articles

Revival and survival: reissuing Magna Carta

Article by:
David Carpenter
Themes:
Medieval origins, Clauses and content

As a 13th-century peace treaty, Magna Carta was a failure. Just 10 weeks after its creation, it was annulled by the Pope and the country was plunged into civil war. Yet this was by no means the end of the charter’s journey. Professor David Carpenter explores the events that led to the reissue and revival of Magna Carta by Henry III and Edward I.

Consequences of Magna Carta

Article by:
Nicholas Vincent
Themes:
Medieval origins, Clauses and content

The agreement at Runnymede in 1215 had broad consequences for medieval England. Professor Nicholas Vincent explores the immediate impact of Magna Carta, considering the Civil War, the re-issue of the charter and the formation of early forms of parliament.

Magna Carta in the modern age

Article by:
Joshua Rozenberg
Theme:
Magna Carta today

Today Magna Carta has become a world-class brand, representing human rights, democracy and free speech – despite the fact that the original document makes no mention of these principles. Joshua Rozenberg explains Magna Carta’s place in modern legal and popular culture, and reveals the importance of its 800-year-old symbolism.

Related collection items

Related people