George Nathaniel Curzon, 1st Marquess Curzon of Kedleston, was a British politician and Statesman, who most notably served as Viceroy of India 1899-1905 and British Foreign Secretary 1919-1924. During the First World War he served in the War Cabinet of Prime Minister Lloyd George.
In January 1918, Curzon wrote a memorandum summarising the arguments that had been used for or against the various solutions regarding the future of Constantinople (modern-day Istanbul). Constantinople was a strategically important city, lying between Europe and Asia, and guarding the entrance to the Black Sea. It was also an important Islamic city, and Muslims around the world were anxious about its fate. Commenting upon Lord Curzon’s memorandum, the Viceroy of India noted that the misfortunes of Turkey during the War had placed a severe strain upon India’s Muslims, who had felt a conflict between their loyalty to Britain and their religious faith.