This photograph was taken in December 1918 in Alsace. The Allies’ flags, French of course but also the Union Jack and the Stars and Stripes, are here to remember the sacrifices made during the reconquering of this province. As a consequence of the war of 1870-1871, Alsace-Moselle was lost by France following the treaty of Frankfurt in May 1871. In the pre-war years, the lost provinces became a major theme for French nationalism and regain of these provinces was a war goal in 1914. Consequently, General Joffre launched a major offensive in this area at the outbreak of the war. In 1918, the return of Alsace-Moselle to France was a way of giving a sense of the sacrifices made by the nation.
- Article by:
- David Stevenson
- Origins, outbreak and conclusions
World War One resulted in radical changes to national boundaries. Professor David Stevenson explains the changes that took place in Europe's political geography.