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In 1915 the Danish writer Johannes Jørgensen (1866-1956) published the documentary novel Klokke Roland, translated into English as False Witness, describing the German invasion of Belgium in 1914. This was, according to Jørgensen, a heinous act with bloody and cruel consequences for the Belgian people.

The publication created outrage among the Germen authorities and led to diplomatic tensions between Denmark and Germany. Things escalated to a point where the Germans demanded legal action be brought against Jørgensen and the daily newspaper Politiken, which had published a positive review of the book. The case was a delicate one for Danish authorities, who went to great lengths not to provoke a German invasion.