Rupert Brooke’s poems are often seen in the context of the early part of the First World War: a time when literature was characterised by a patriotic fervour not yet eroded by the long years of trench warfare that followed. This poem, ‘The Soldier’, is not only one of Brooke’s most famous poems but one of the most famous poems written during the war and indeed in the 20th century. Here it is accompanied by another of Brooke’s well-known sonnets, ‘The Dead’.
These handwritten copies of the poems were written by Brooke for Edward Marsh, who was an early critic of Brooke’s poetry and the editor of the anthology, Georgian Poetry, published in 1912. Both poems are almost fair copies with the exception, in ‘The Soldier’, of corrections in the first two lines of the second stanza and, in ‘The Dead’, of corrections in the first and last lines of the first stanza, and the substitution of ‘all’ for ‘and’ in the final sentence of the first stanza.
Marsh donated these handwritten copies of ‘The Soldier’ and ‘The Dead’ to the Library at the British Museum in 1915. He explains in a letter accompanying his donation that the poems were written when Brooke was staying with him in January 1915 three months before his death of septicaemia at Skyros in Greece. Marsh writes that the poems are ‘one of my most precious possessions’ which he can hardly bear to part with but for the fact that he thinks that they should become part of the Library’s collections.