Tactical instruction and service of the cannon from 65 mountain
The war on the Italian Front was also called the white war, guerra bianca, because it was fought in snow-covered mountains, where a special artillery was used.
Mountain artillery had to accompany and assist the infantry, at all costs. This was especially important in terrain that was difficult to reach. The mountain artillery had the skills to find cover more easily, to take advantage of all irregularities of the terrain and to travel unnoticed into enemy territory. By using small arms even hand-held weapons it presented a smaller target to the enemy.
To be successful in these conditions took an extraordinary amount of bravery and inventiveness in addition to receiving accurate tactical instructions.
The mountain artillery had to know how to move quickly in and out of position, and how to fire rapidly and with accuracy, combining the highest quality manoeuvres with the most accurate shooting.
L’Artiglieria da Montagna deve accompagnare ed aiutare la fanteria a costo di qualsiasi sforzo, specialmente nei terreni di difficile viabilità per le altre artiglierie campali.
L’esecuzione del suo mandato le è agevolato dalla maggiore facilità bel trovare la copertura, potendo meglio sfruttare ogni accidentalità del terreno e dalla possibilità di poter attraversare zone scoperte e battute dal tiro avversario per elementi od anche col materiale scomposto ed a spalla d’uomo e quindi offrendo piccolo bersaglio.
Però per poter assolvere bene al suo compito è necessario che l’istruzione tattica da impartirsi ai reparti sia informata ai concetti di grande ardimento.
Le batterie da montagna devono sapere entrare ed uscire di posizione ed effettuare il loro tiro con grande celerità e grande risolutezza accoppiando le più alte qualità manovriere col più accurato addestramento al tiro.
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- Jonathan Boff
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- Article by:
- Vanda Wilcox
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Assistant Professor Vanda Wilcox examines mountain warfare in World War One, experienced by 80% of the Italian Front, where the harsh weather and uneven terrain made warfare extremely challenging.
- Article by:
- Paul Cornish
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Senior Curator Paul Cornish looks at the developments in weaponry technology and strategy that led to the modern warfare of World War One, which was characterised by deadly new weapons, trench deadlocks, and immense numbers of casualties.