The New Poor Law of 1834 attracted fierce opposition. This booklet, The Book of Murder! , taps into contemporary fears that those in power - the rich and the politicians - were conspiring to control and reduce the number of poor in Britain by any means possible. The 'murder book' was susposedly written by 'Marcus', titled 'On the Possibility of Limiting Populousness'; it effectively promotes the extermination of pauper children, by gas. Although this was entirely fictitious, a piece of propaganda written by anti-Poor Law campaigners, it draws from the work of Thomas Robert Malthus whose Essay on the Principle of Population (1798) influenced real poor relief legislation. Malthus proposed a variety of ways to 'check' the population in order to relieve distress. Many of these solutions were directed at the poor, such as the suggestion that the poor should refrain from having children.
Here, 'Marcus''s essay is reproduced together with an attack on the 'diabolical work' as well as the New Poor Law system more generally.