In Italian factories – particularly those of heavy industry – thousands of women replaced the men who had gone to war. It was calculated that at the end of the war in Italy there were 180,000 female factory workers. This photograph was published in a book called Le Donne d'Italia Nelle Industrie di Guerra, which translates as The Contribution of Women to the War Industry.
- Article by:
- Susan Grayzel
- Civilians, Historical debates
Considering the roles of both men and women during World War One, Susan R Grayzel asks to what extent the war challenged gender roles and to what degree society accepted them.