Cloth came into general
use, and surface decoration via embossing designs developed. Morocco
grain was introduced in 1830, watered or moiré cloth in1831, ribbed
grain in the early 1830s, and diaper grain around 1833.
1832 Gold blocking onto
cloth introduced by Archibald Leighton.
Case binding became
common. Decoration for the whole cover (upper and lower covers and
spine) could be mechanically stamped in one operation using a blocking
1839 First example of
an unsewn (gutta percha or caoutchouc) publisher's binding where
the pages were stuck together. These were the fore-runners of the
[small illustration - A cloth embossing machine