The manufacture of book
cloth became a separate business. Previously binders had produced
bindings, which featured heavily embossed designs, were popular.
The designer Owen Jones specialised in them, and they were frequently
bound by Remnant and Edmonds.
Ink blocking on cloth
(cheaper than gold blocking) was introduced. By the end of the decade
there was a proliferation of inexpensive editions with ink-blocked
evolved. The term, although widely used, is not strictly accurate
since many examples were made with other materials, particularly