Thomas Hardy Tess of the d'Urbervilles in The Graphic, July-Dec.1891

  The Novel

Hardy originally envisaged Tess as a newspaper serial, but as the story unfolded it became clear that its content - which included a passionate love-scene and an illegitimate birth - would not be acceptable in this form. The manuscript was returned by Tillotson's Newspaper Fiction Bureau, which had already agreed a fee of a thousand guineas, and rejected by two further literary journals before a revised version was accepted for serialisation in The Graphic during 1891. Most of the omitted passages were restored in the three-volume edition published later the same year, but for Hardy, tired of pandering to the sensibilities of magazine editors, it was 'the beginning of the end of his career as a novelist'.