A cylinder press, from F.J.F. Wilson and Douglas Grey Modern Printing Machinery (1888)

A cylinder press
  Printing during the nineteenth century


1860-1 Esparto grass came into use as a substitute for rags in paper making

1861 Paper duty removed

Wharfedale cylinder press, capable of operating at 8 times the speed of a hand press, or an average 1,000 impressions an hour, gradually overtook platen machines for book printing.