rotary typecasting machine patented, and used within the newspaper
industry until the introduction of hot metal composing machines
at the end of the century
of photographic process for reproducing illustrations - photogravure,
collotype, photo-etched relief half-tone blocks
standards of printing prompted Andrew Tuer to set up the Printers'
International Specimen Exchange. There was a revival of interest
in book design which culminated in 'The Book Beautiful' of the 1890s