Click here to skip to content

2002 articles 1998 articles

Under the censor's eye: printed almanacs and censorship in ninth-century China

Susan Whitfield

Abstract

SEVERAL fragmentary printed almanacs dating from the ninth century were among the documents discovered in 1900 in Cave 17 at the 'Thousand Buddha' cave temple site near Dunhuang, north-west China. One fragment, now in the British Library, bears an inscription stating that it was printed in the East Market of the then Chinese capital (see fig. i). Yet an official decree of 835 had stipulated that the private printing and possession of almanacs was forbidden by law.

Under the censor's eye: printed almanacs and censorship in ninth-century China (PDF format), 11MB

Download the free Adobe Acrobat PDF viewer
Adobe Acrobat solutions for accessibility