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Forthcoming events and conferences

The Eccles Centre for American Studies regularly organises and supports conferences, seminars, lectures and other events on North American and transatlantic themes, often in partnership with other institutions and organisations.

Summer Scholars Series 2015

When All sessions take place 12.30-14.00
Where British Library Conference Centre, Bronte Room
Price Free; Register for individual sessions via Eventbrite

Join the Eccles Centre for a series of free lunchtime events where writers and scholars will discuss their work and forthcoming publications in an informal setting. The season brochure is available here.

Attendance is free and all are welcome.  Tea and coffee will be provided. 

Summer Scholars Monday 27 July

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  • “Vaudeville Indians” on the British Stage

Christine Bold (Eccles Centre Visiting Fellow) uncovers some of the hidden history of Native and non-Native vaudevillians “playing Indian” on global circuits, starting in 1893 with Seneca performer Go-won-go Mohawk in Liverpool.

  • Cliveden, Canadians and the First World War

Martin Thornton (Eccles Centre Visiting Fellow) discusses the First World War hospital at Cliveden, the Astor estate at Taplow, Buckinghamshire and asks what it meant for Canadian political sovereignty, empire, the broader role of women and the question of sacrifice for Canadians.


‘“Vaudeville Indians” on the British Stage’

Christine Bold, University of Guelph (Eccles Centre Visiting Fellow)

In 1893, when Seneca actor Go-won-go Mohawk rode onto the stage of the Shakespeare Theatre, Liverpool, she introduced British audiences to a queer, modern, triumphant Indigeneity never before seen. She was the first of the “vaudeville Indians”: Native and non-Native entertainers “playing Indian” on global circuits from Manhattan to Moscow, Los Angeles to London. Popular well into the 1930s, they have largely gone under the scholarly radar. This talk uncovers some of their hidden history, with the help of British Library archives and of contemporary Indigenous artists in whose memories and performances this community lives still.

Christine Bold has authored and edited six books, most recently the award-winning The Frontier Club: Popular Westerns and Cultural Power, 1880-1924 (Oxford University Press, 2013). She is Professor in the School of English and Theatre Studies at the University of Guelph, Canada. In July 2015 she will be a Visiting Fellow in North American Studies at the Eccles Centre, the British Library.

'Cliveden, Canadians and the First World War'

Martin Thornton, University of Leeds (Eccles Centre Visiting Fellow)

Cliveden is a famous, perhaps now considered infamous, English country house overlooking the River Thames near Taplow in Buckinghamshire. A small number of Canadians are buried in a “secret” garden cemetery at Cliveden. This Canadian cemetery abroad came about because in the First World War the Canadian Government set up a hospital on the Cliveden estate and this was repeated during the Second World War. This is not a straightforward story since the British Government rejected Waldorf Astor’s offer to set up a First World War hospital and convalescent centre for British military personnel on his estate. Cliveden was also the home of the indomitable Nancy Astor and her contradictory actions and beliefs contribute to an intriguing account of wartime social and military history. How the Canadian relationship originated and was sustained at the Duchess of Connaught Hospital by the Canadian Red Cross and what it ultimately meant for Canadian politicians, Canadian doctors and nurses and Canadian military personnel who found themselves abroad in England is worthy of reflection and analysis. The First World War hospital at Cliveden was identifiably Canadian: it was staffed by Canadians, the consultants, surgeons, doctors and nurses were Canadian; it had Canadian patients, but not exclusively Canadian patients;  the Canadian nurses wore identifiable in their “bluebird” uniforms. Canadian entertainments were controlled from Cliveden – baseball, ice hockey, roller hockey. A Maple Leaf Social Club and newsletter (‘Chronicles of Cliveden’) was organised at the hospital. In a broad context, Canadians at Cliveden during the First World War were caught up in a period of transition for their nation. Issues of political sovereignty, empire, suffrage, the broader role of women and the question of what sacrifice meant for Canadians are relevant within events of this study. Some patients at the Duchess of Connaught Hospital were there as the victims of the use of gas during battles in the First World War and became part of a major study of the effects of chlorine gas, adding to the poignant medical history of the period.

Dr Martin Thornton is a Senior Lecturer in International History and Politics and Director of the Centre for Canadian Studies at the University of Leeds in the United Kingdom. His research and teaching cover both Canadian and American foreign policy and his work includes:  Winston S. Churchill, Robert L. Borden and Anglo-Canadian Naval Relations, 1911-1914 (London: Palgrave, 2013); Sir Robert Borden: CanadaMakers of the Modern World. The Paris Peace Conference, 1919-23. Their Aftermath and Legacy (London: Haus, 2010) Edited book: Nancy Astor’s Canadian Correspondence 1912-1962 (New York: Edwin Mellen Press, 1997).

Summer Scholars Friday 31 July

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  • Writing Detroit

Benjamin Markovits (Eccles British Library Writer in Residence) reads from his new novel, in a discussion about race, Walden and the death and life of the great American city. 

From You Don't Have to Live Like This (Faber, 2015)

"This city," he said, posing for the cameras in front of Michigan Central Station, in his tasseled loafers and holding lightly onto his linen tie, to keep the wind from blowing it in his face, "lies at the center of so much of what America is talking about and worrying about today: the death of the middle class and the rise of social inequality, the collapse of the real estate market and the decline of manufacturing, the failure of the American labor movement and the entrenchment, almost fifty years after Martin Luther King led the March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom, of a black underclass. Detroit at its peak had a population of almost two million people—it is now roughly a third of that, which means, let me put it this way, that for every family still living here, their neighbors on either side of them have moved away. And their houses—you can see this for yourself because we're going to show them to you—sit either empty or boarded up, or half burned down, or they've been destroyed altogether, and grass and trees are growing in their place. What we are about to witness is a small experiment in regeneration—an attempt to repopulate these neighborhoods, to rebuild these houses, to revive these communities. It is, by its nature, a very local solution to some of the deeper and broader problems America faces today. But if you can fix it here, you can fix it anywhere."

Benjamin Markovits grew up in Texas, London and Berlin. He is the author of six previous novels: The Syme PapersEither Side of WinterImpostureA Quiet AdjustmentPlaying Days and ChildishLoves. He has published essays, stories, poetry and reviews on subjects ranging from the Romantics to American sports in the GuardianGrantaThe Paris Review andThe New York Times, among other publications. In 2013 Granta selected him as one of their Best of Young British Novelists and in 2015 he won the Eccles British Library Writer in Residence Award. He lives in London and teaches creative writing at Royal Holloway, University of London. You Don't Have To Live Like This about an experimental community in Detroit, is published by Faber in July.

Summer Scholars Monday 3 August

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  • Ghosts and Authors: Reading The Turn of the Screw

Sarah Churchwell (Eccles British Library Writer in Residence) explores the different ways we read, using Henry James's The Turn of the Screw as a forum for discussing the possibilities. Do we read for character, plot, emotion, ideas, realism, escapism? How far should authors’ intentions, or what we think we know about those intentions, shape our ideas about the books they produce?


Henry James’s The Turn of the Screw is famously one of the most ambiguous works in the Anglo-American canon, a ghost story that many argue is about the act of interpretation itself. Like the famous optical illusion that is simultaneously a beautiful young lady and an old crone,The Turn of the Screw can be read simultaneously in diametrically opposed ways - hence James’s image of the screw that keeps turning. Read one way, it is a gothic tale about an innocent young governess trying to protect her young charges from corruption by the evil ghosts of dead servants. Read the other way, it is a psychological thriller about a neurotic or even mad young woman who hallucinates the ghosts, and destroys innocent children through her conviction that she is saving them. Should we argue over which interpretation is “correct”? How would we know - what is the measure of correctness when we are reading? And how does what we know - or think we know - about the author and his intentions, attitudes and values inform our ideas about the book he produced?

Sarah Churchwell is Professor of American Literature and Public Understanding of the Humanities at UEA. She is the author of Careless People: Murder, Mayhem and The Invention of The Great Gatsby, The Many Lives of Marilyn Monroe, and her literary journalism has appeared in the GuardianNew StatesmanTLSNew York Times Book Review, and the Spectator, among others. She comments regularly on arts, culture, and politics for UK television and radio, has judged many literary prizes, including the Bailey’s (Orange) Prize for Fiction and the 2014 Man Booker Prize for Fiction. She is the recipient of the Eccles British Library Writer in Residence award for 2015.

Summer Scholars Friday 7 August

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  • Over the Ice: When Polar Explorers Took to the Skies

Marionne Cronin (Eccles Centre Visiting Fellow) discusses her research into how the use of new, cutting-edge technologies reshaped the popular culture of polar exploration.

  • Sea Birds, Lost Bodies, and Phantom Islands on the Event Horizon of the New World

J. R. Carpenter (Eccles Centre Visiting Fellow) will present her research on the strange tales of an Island of Demons off the coast of Newfoundland which have persisted in maps and literature from the early 1500s to the present day.


‘Over the Ice: When Polar Explorers Took to the Skies’

Marionne Cronin, University of Aberdeen (Eccles Centre Visiting Fellow) 

In the 1920s, polar explorers embraced the new possibilities offered by aircraft and took to the sky.  But what did this mean for popular ideas about polar exploration?  How did this cutting-edge technology fit with existing images of the Polar Regions and polar explorers?  This paper discusses how the nature of polar exploration was reimagined in the age of aerial exploration and how the emergence of the figure of the technological explorer can tell us more about Americans’ intertwined concepts of modernity, progress, masculinity, race, and national identity in the interwar years.

Dr Marionne Cronin is a Postdoctoral Research Fellow in the Northern Colonialism Programme at the University of Aberdeen, where her research investigates the place of technology in the culture of polar exploration.  She is currently working on a book examining how interwar polar explorers’ use of new technologies – particularly airplanes – was incorporated into popular images of heroic exploration, masculinity, and modernity.  She will be an Eccles Centre Visiting Fellow in North American Studies in June-August 2015.

‘Sea Birds, Lost Bodies, and Phantom Islands on the Event Horizon of the New World’

JR Carpenter, Independent (Eccles Centre Visiting Fellow)

This paper will undertake a comparative literary and cartographic analysis of phantom islands of the New World through an examination of a contemporary work of digital literature - There he was, gone. (Carpenter 2012) []. Maps dating back to the early 1500s show an Isle of Birds off the North East coast of Newfoundland. For just as long there have been reports of an Island of Demons or Devils in that region, inhabited by wild animals, mythological creatures, evil spirits, and demons. In 1542 the explorer Jean-Francois de La Rocque cast his niece Marguerite ashore on a deserted island off Newfoundland, allegedly for sins of adultery. Upon her rescue over two years later, she recounted tales of howling winds, snow-white beasts, and the demonic screeching of seabirds. In Shakespeare’sThe Tempest (1610), washed ashore on Prospero’s enchanted island, Ferdinand cries: “Hell is empty, And all the devils are here!” In There he was, gone., a computer-generated narrative dialogue situated within a cartographic collage of coastal Newfoundland perpetually evokes but can never quite enunciate the circumstances surrounding a recent traumatic event, a body, a loss, at sea. A live-feed displays a marine weather forecast for Funk Island, so named for the evil stink of centuries of accumulated guano. This barren scrap of land lies just off the edge of this map, just beyond the boundaries of the browser window. In early modern maps and literature, the Isle of Demons represents a persistent belief in a pronounced evil off the shores of North America. In There he was, gone., Funk Island represents the furthest ‘there’ the interlocutors can imagine that ‘he’ might have gone to. In this paper I will situated these islands on an event horizon, hovering at the outer limit of narratives of the unknown.

J. R. Carpenter is a Canadian artist, writer, researcher, performer, and maker of maps, zines, artist’s books, poetry, short fiction, long fiction, non-fiction, and non-linear, intertextual, hypermedia, and computer-generated narratives. Her pioneering works of digital literature have been exhibited, published, performed, and presented in journals, galleries, museums, and festivals around the world. Her critical writing has appeared in numerous books, catalogues, and journals including Performance ResearchJournal of Writing in Creative PracticeThe Literary Platform, and Jacket2. Her recently-completed PhD thesis, Writing Coastlines: Locating Narrative Resonance in Transatlantic Communications Networks, drew upon the emerging fields of performance writing, digital literature, and media archaeology to interrogate narratives which resonate in the spaces between places separated by time, distance and ocean yet inextricably linked by generations of immigration. She lives in South Devon.

Summer Scholars Monday 10 August

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  • Transportation Stories: Servants, Convicts, and Class Formation in the Literature of Colonial America

Matthew Pethers (Eccles Centre Visiting Fellow) will discuss the indentured servants and felons who were transported to America in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, and their role and representation in an emerging tradition of American working-class literature.


This talk considers some of the earliest surviving texts dealing with the lives and concerns of American working people. A significant number of early white settlers in British America were indentured servants and convicted felons, generally of “lower” class origins, who arrived to work plantations under highly restrictive contracts. Most of these transported laborers were only marginally literate and have not left extensive records but those who did write of their experiences offer us remarkably rich insights into the formation of a modern class-consciousness. Riven with tensions between individuality and solidarity, these “transportation stories” represent an important, but often overlooked, phase in America’s always complex relationship with the dream of upward mobility. Concentrating on the poems, memoirs, and pamphlets that transportees produced, whilst also acknowledging the relatively substantial body of fictional texts which feature these figures – most famously Daniel Defoe’s Moll Flanders (1722) – this talk will offer a genealogy of the sometimes competing and conflicting literary genres that shaped early understandings of an American “working class,” as well as tracing their shared concerns with economic agency, moral redemption, and the increasing racialization of the American workforce.

Matthew Pethers is an Assistant Professor of American Intellectual and Cultural History at the University of Nottingham. He has published widely on eighteenth- and nineteenth-century American literature, print culture, and science. He is currently working on a book about social mobility, the circum-Atlantic novel, and America class formation between 1688 and 1776.

Summer Scholars Friday 14 August

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  • Committing History: The October 2014 Ottawa Terrorist Attack and the Need for More Historical Writing about Terrorism and Counter-Terrorism

Steve Hewitt (Eccles Centre Visiting Fellow) places the Ottawa attack into a wider Canadian historical context and addresses why, more generally, history is often left out of discussions around political violence.

  • Struggles for Freedom: America and Afghanistan - the Soviet Invasion, 9/11, & the Longest War in US History

Andrew Hammond (Eccles Centre Visiting Fellow) places the longest war in American history and the events of 9/11 in a deeper historical context by considering US foreign policy towards Afghanistan since 1979.


‘Committing History: The October 2014 Ottawa Terrorist Attack and the Need for More Historical Writing about Terrorism and Counter-Terrorism’

Steve Hewitt, University of Birmingham (Eccles Centre Visiting Fellow)

Terrorism is not normally associated with Canada but this changed in October 2014 when Michael Zehaf-Bibeau shot and killed a soldier at the country’s national war memorial and stormed into Canada’s parliament buildings before being shot dead. This talk attempts to place the Ottawa attack into a wider Canadian historical context and addresses why, more generally, history is often left out of discussions around political violence. Ultimately, it argues that a lack of historical context, fuelled in part by government funding directed at certain questions and academic disciplines, leads to a tendency by the media and politicians to overreact to acts of terrorism.

Steve Hewitt is a Senior Lecture in the Department of History at the University of Birmingham. He has written extensively on topics related to security and intelligence in a Canadian, US, and UK context including The British War on Terror: Terrorism and Counterterrorism on the Home Front since 9/11Snitch: A History of the Modern Intelligence Informer, and Spying 101: The RCMP’s Secret Activities at Canadian Universities, 1917-1997.  Currently, he is working on a history of terrorism and counter-terrorism in Canada.

‘Struggles for Freedom: America and Afghanistan - the Soviet Invasion, 9/11, & the Longest War in US History’

Andrew Hammond, University of Warwick (Eccles Centre Visiting Fellow)

The United States is currently in the process of trying to disengage from the longest war in its history. This talk puts this war - Operation Enduring Freedom/Operation Freedom's Sentinel - and the events of September 11, 2001 in a deeper historical context. It does so by looking back to an earlier struggle waged in freedom's name in Afghanistan: that which took place during the latter stages of the Cold War when the US supported insurgents fighting the Soviet 40th Army. Based on extensive archival research and over 80 oral history interviews with key players, such as former National Security Advisor Zbigniew Brzezinski (1977-81) and former Secretary of State George Shultz (1982-89), this talk will help you reconsider some of the most significant and momentous events of modern times.

Dr. Andrew Hammond is a Postdoctoral Visiting Fellow at the British Library's Eccles Centre. He is based at the University of Warwick where he completed his PhD after winning an ESRC 1+3 scholarship through the national competition. In 2011 he was a British Research Council Fellow at the Library of Congress. He has published on US foreign policy, Afghanistan, CIA, Snowden, and 'American Freedom'. His forthcoming book with Edinburgh University Press is entitled Struggles for Freedom: Afghanistan and US Foreign Policy Since 1979.

Summer Scholars Monday 24 August

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  • The Poetics of Reticence: Emily Dickinson and Her Contemporaries

Eve Grubin discusses Emily Dickinson’s poems and their characteristic style against the backdrop of poetry written by other American women during Dickinson’s time. 


While American literary culture in the 19th century was saturated with poetry written by women, only Emily Dickinson’s poems are known today.  In this paper, I explore a number of questions: why hasn’t the work of Dickinson’s contemporaries resonated for modern readers? To what extent did cultural expectations determine the form and content of the poetry of women in this period? And how does an understanding of the context in which Dickinson wrote offer insight into her invention of a unique poetics of reticence? Drawing on the Eccles Centre’s archives and bibliography of early American women writers, we will examine these questions and look carefully at Dickinson’s radical reticent style, a precursor to modernism and contemporary avant-garde poetry.

Eve Grubin’s book of poems Morning Prayer was published by the Sheep Meadow Press, and her poems have appeared in American and UK publications such as The New Republic,American Poetry ReviewPoetry InternationalPN Review, and Poetry Review. Her essays have appeared in books such as The Veil: Women Writers on Their History, Lore and Politics(U of CA Press 2009) and Jean Valentine: This World Company (U of Mich Press, 2012). She teaches at NYU in London, she is a tutor at the Poetry School, and she is the poet in residence at the London School of Jewish Studies. She has received a TECHNE AHRC Doctoral Training Partnership Scholarship through Kingston University for her research on Emily Dickinson and the Poetics of Reticence.

Summer Scholars Friday 28 August

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  • British Intervention in the American Civil War: Case Closed?

David Brown (Eccles Centre Visiting Fellow) reconsiders the case for British intervention in the American Civil War (1861-65). While most scholars suggest this was unlikely, could the Lancashire cotton famine have forced the British government to break its policy of neutrality?

  • “The Seal and his Jacket”: Conservation, Cruelty and Consumption in the Fur Seal Fisheries of Alaska, 1850-1914

Helen Cowie (Eccles Centre Visiting Fellow) discusses her research on the sealskin industry in late-nineteenth-century Alaska.


‘British Intervention in the American Civil War: Case Closed?’

David Brown, University of Manchester (Eccles Centre Visiting Fellow)

The American Civil War (1861-65) had a profound influence on British politics and society. Most immediately, it threatened to drag Great Britain into a potentially calamitous conflict with the United States. Economic links between the two nations, as well as numerous cultural affiliations, made it very difficult for the leading power of the age to avoid direct involvement. More than once, British intervention seemed inevitable, not least because Abraham Lincoln’s naval blockade drastically curtailed cotton supplies. The ensuing Cotton Famine caused a devastating downturn in the Lancashire textile industry and severe unemployment among cotton operatives by the winter of 1862. This talk reconsiders the case for British intervention in the American Civil War. While most scholars suggest this was unlikely, could the Lancashire cotton famine have forced the British government to break its policy of neutrality?

Dr. David Brown is Senior Lecturer in American Studies at Manchester University. He is the author of Southern Outcast: Hinton Rowan Helper and the Impending Crisis of the South(2006), co-author of Race in the American South: From Slavery to Civil Rights (2007) and co-editor of Creating Citizenship in the 19th Century South (2013). His current research investigates British public opinion and transatlantic diplomacy during the American Civil War in the first scholarly examination of the Manchester Union and Emancipation Society. In an era when public opinion was especially critical to policy-making, the UES led the last major abolitionist campaign (1863-1865) seeking to influence British responses to the war. This alliance of Manchester workers and professionals sought restoration of the American Union and its principled stand against slavery attracted significant national support.

‘“The Seal and his Jacket”: Conservation, Cruelty and Consumption in the Fur Seal Fisheries of Alaska, 1850-1914’

Helen Cowie, University of York (Eccles Centre Visiting Fellow)

The Pacific fur seal was heavily hunted in the nineteenth century for its coat. Every year, thousands of seals were culled on the Pribylov Islands in the Behring Sea and their skins shipped to London, where they were prepared and processed. They were then distributed to consumers in North America and Europe as shawls, pelisses, gloves and jackets. By the mid-nineteenth century, the fur seal industry was a global business, employing men and women in Alaska, San Francisco and London. It was also a highly fragile and contentious enterprise whose existence was threatened by the uncontrolled exploitation of the natural resource upon which it was built. Examining the Alaskan seal fisheries from an environmental history perspective, this talk looks at the measures taken to protect seals from overfishing and positions their management within a wider raft of conservation initiatives. I discuss the humanitarian objections to the fur industry, which according to one contemporary ‘makes patchwork…not only of the hides of its victims, but of the conscience and intellect of its supporters’. I also show how the seal industry was bound up with complex commodity chains and international diplomacy.

Helen Cowie is lecturer in history at the University of York. Her research focuses on the history of animals and the history of natural history. She is author or Conquering Nature in Spain and its Empire, 1750-1850 (Manchester University Press, 2011) and Exhibiting Animals in Nineteenth-Century Britain: Empathy, Education, Entertainment (Palgrave Macmillan, 2014). She is currently working on a history of animal-based commodities in the nineteenth century, including sealskin, ivory and alpaca wool. 

Jesse Jackson in Conversation

When Friday 21 August 2015, 18:30-20:00
Where British Library Conference Centre
Price £20 / £16 / £14 Book via the BL Box Office

The Rev. Jesse Jackson is one of America’s foremost civil rights, religious and political figures. Over the past forty years, he has played a pivotal role in virtually every movement for empowerment, peace, civil rights, gender equality, and economic and social justice. At this special event he talks about the present state of equalities and rights in the US and beyond.

This event is part of the events programme for the Magna Carta: Law, Liberty, Legacy exhibition.

Henry James and Memory Conference

When Thursday 14 - Saturday 16 April, 2016
Where British Library Conference Centre

Call for Papers

Plenary Speakers:
Sarah Churchwell, Professor of American Literature and Public Understanding of the Humanities, University of East Anglia
Richard Holmes, OBE, FRSL, FBA, biographer

2016 marks the centenary of the death of Henry James (15 April 1843-28 February 1916), and will be a year in which James’s heritage will be celebrated, and will come under scrutiny, in a variety of settings and in different modes. This first conference of the centenary year will take place in London, James’s adopted home and the location of much of his fiction, and will be hosted by the Eccles Centre for American Studies at the British Library, one of the world’s greatest libraries. Taking advantage of another centenary, it will give special attention to James’s richly complex relation to Shakespeare, as well as to other writers, especially poets. In addition to academic papers, it will also involve readings by creative writers - in poetry and prose - of works inspired by James and his example.

The conference, which will start with a public event on Thursday evening 14 April and continue until Saturday afternoon 16 April 2016, invites proposals for individual papers (twenty minutes) and three-paper panels under the general rubric of ‘Henry James and Memory.’ 

James was himself much given to the act of remembrance, whether reminiscing in his biographical and autobiographical writings, or echoing the words and works of other writers and artists in his fiction. Likewise, James has had a vivid afterlife in various literary and artistic forms up to the present day. ‘Henry James and Memory’ encourages submissions that address either of these angles.

Possible topics and themes include, but are not limited to:

  • Jamesian allusions to, echoes of and other treatments of Shakespeare (the fourth centenary of whose death is also being commemorated extensively at the British Library in 2016) and other English, American, and European writers
  • commemorations of James
  • James’s autobiographical and biographical writings
  • representations of the processes of memory and imagination in James’s fiction and non-fiction
  • ‘the visitable past’: memory, commemoration, reminiscence in James’s fiction and non-fiction
  • adaptations of James for stage, film, radio, and television
  • fiction based on James’s life, or rewriting James’s own fiction
  • Jamesian influences in later writing (fiction, non-fiction, poetry, drama)
  • James’s legacies to criticism and theory

The academic organisers are Philip Horne (University College London), Gert Buelens (Ghent University) and Oliver Herford (University of Birmingham).

Please submit one-page proposals by e-mail to to reach us by 30 June 2015. Presenters will be notified by 15 August.

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