The Black Panther, Come Together and Shrew were 'mouthpiece' or 'platform' publications directly connected to active movements for change: the US Black Panther Party, the UK Gay Liberation Front and the UK Women's Liberation Workshop. In contrast to the experimental eclecticism of underground presses such as International Times and Oz, these publications were directly political, focusing primarily on issues of liberation.
When these publications first appeared, the Black Panther Party, the Gay Liberation Front and Women's Liberation groups were, to varying degrees, misrepresented, suppressed or simply not represented in the mainstream press. Each of these movements aimed to confront and challenge negative stereotyping, and therefore platforms for self-representation were crucial. Manifestos and demands could be communicated directly, and direct action could be promoted and reported without mainstream media comment.
The Black Panther