The Newgate Calendar was a general title given to a number of popular publications of the late 18th century.
The books began as compilations of the broadsheets sold by peddlers at fairs and public executions. These broadsheets fed public interest in the crimes, trials and punishments of notorious criminals.
The original issue was published in 1773 and reported on crimes from 1700 to the date of publication.
The full title of this edition of the Calendar is
The Newgate Calendar; comprising interesting memoirs of the most notorious characters who have been convicted of outrages on the laws of England since the commencement of the eighteenth century; with anecdotes and last exclamations of sufferers .
It was published in four volumes between 1824 and 1826 by attorneys-at-law Andrew Knapp and William Baldwin.
Prisoners were held at Newgate prison before public execution at Tyburn (now the site of Marble Arch, central London). Condemned men and women travelled in open carts along Tyburn Road (now Oxford Street) to the Tyburn Tree gallows. The gallows were moved from Tyburn to Newgate in 1783.