How did we treat young offenders in the past?

This selection of sources shows a range of methods for the punishment and rehabilitation of young offenders in past centuries.

Does the legal system treat young offenders more or less effectively today?

Find out about the types of crime committed by young people today and the punishments attached to them.

Research contemporary ideas about the punishment and rehabilitation of young offenders (newspapers, political policy, independent research reports and official statistics are good sources).

Sentences in 1840 (part 1)

Sentences in 1840 (part 2)

Decrease of Juvenile Crime in Edinburgh 1868

Punishment in industrial schools 1895

The Borstal Association 1906 - 1908 (part 1)

The Borstal Association 1906 - 1908 (part 2)