A severe outbreak of cholera affects many British towns and cities and prompts investigation on the part of the medical community.
|Dr. Robert Baker submits his Report to the Leeds Board of Health outlining his investigation into the cholera outbreak in Leeds.|
The periodical Punch is launched.
Edwin Chadwick publishes his Report into the Sanitary Conditions of the Labouring Population of Great Britain.
The Health of Towns Association is established to put pressure on the government to bring about sanitary reform.
The Public Health Act is passed by Robert Peel's government, establishing a Central Board of Health as well as corporate boroughs with responsibility for drainage and water supply to different areas.
The Metropolitan Sanitary Association is established to campaign for adequate public health provision for London (not covered by the Public Health Act of 1848).
John Snow publishes On the Mode of Communication of Cholera. A second edition is published in 1855, this time including findings from the case of the Broad Street pump.
The Morning Chronicle begins a series of letters and articles looking at the issue of sanitary reform. These are published daily until the end of 1850.
Britain suffers another outbreak of cholera. 10,000 people die in three months in London alone.
The Metropolitan Sanitary Association publishes its first report.
Charles Dickens begins to publish his journal Household Words.
The outbreak of cholera documented by John Snow in the second edition of On the Mode of Communication of Cholera begins.
A revised Public Health Act is passed, abolishing the Central Board of Health and creating local boards responsible for preventative action and reform.
Parliament passes the Sanitary Act making local authorities responsible for the removal of 'nuisances' to public health and for the removal or improvement of slum dwellings.