Teachers' Notes on Feminism and the Women’s Liberation Movement

Teacher's Notes

Teachers' notes

This unique collection of oral history interviews captures the voices of those who powered the Women's Liberation Movement in Britain in the last three decades of the 20th century. This rich period provides an ideal topic for the secondary classroom, enabling students to become aware of the historical and ongoing battles for equal rights, to debate challenging issues that affect their own lives, and to use interviews as source material for research.


These teacher's notes provide ideas for activities in the secondary classroom. The activities will help encourage students to generate their own discussions both about women's liberation and the wider equality and human rights agenda. Students will be able to engage with the material as researchers, develop their own bodies of research, and produce creative responses inspired by the stories of the women and men on the site.


Download teachers' notes for:


Family and Children


Bodies, Minds and Spirits


Sex, Love and Friendship


Race, Place and Nation




Equality and Work




Politics and Legislation


Changing Cultures and the Arts


Who We Were, Who We Are


Glossary and useful links


Alliance for Women in Media

Alliance for Women in Media supports women in media roles


Amnesty International

Amnesty International is an organisation that campaigns to protect people and fight human rights violations worldwide


Archif Menywod Cymru / Women’s Archive of Wales

Archif Menywod Cymru / Women’s Archive of Wales is a Welsh archive that aims 'to raise the profile of women in the history of Wales and encourage the study and understanding of those women’s lives.'


Arts Council England

Arts Council England is an arts organisation that 'champions, develops and invests in artistic and cultural experiences that enrich people's lives’


Association of Radical Midwives

The Association of Radical Midwives is an organisation of midwives, student midwives and others in the UK committed to improving the maternity care provided by the NHS


Black Cultural Archives Heart of the Race

Black Cultural Archives Heart of the Race is an oral history project of the Black Women's Movement. Takes 'The Heart of the Race' by Beverley Bryan, Stella Dadzie and Suzanne Scafe (Virago, 1985) as starting point



b-eat is a charity that provides helplines, online support and a network of UK-wide self-help groups to help adults and young people in the UK beat their eating disorders


BL National Life Stories

BL National Life Stories is a collection of oral recordings that has the mission 'To record first-hand experiences of as wide a cross-section of society as possible, to preserve the recordings, to make them publicly available and encourage their use'


BL oral history of British Science

BL oral history of British Science contains in-depth oral history interviews documenting the lives and careers of scientists, engineers, technologists and their teams at the centre of Britain’s scientific endeavour in the 20th century


Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament (CND)

CND is an organisation that campaigns non-violently to achieve British nuclear disarmament


Catholic Women's Ordination

Catholic Women's Ordination is an organisation 'dedicated to the campaign for the ordination of women in the Roman Catholic



Cinenova is a non-profit organisation dedicated to distributing films and videos made by women.


Equality and Human Rights Commission (EHRC)

The EHRC promotes and monitors human rights and protects equality across nine "protected" grounds - age, disability, gender, race, religion and belief, pregnancy and maternity, marriage and civil partnership, sexual orientation and gender reassignment.


Family Planning Association

The Family Planning Association is a UK sexual health charity offering information, advice and support on sexual health, sex and relationships


Fawcett Society

The Fawcett Society is a UK campaign for equality between women and men. It started, among other things, 'This is what a feminist looks like' t-shirt campaign


Feminist and Women's Studies Association

The Feminist and Women's Studies Association is a UK-based network promoting feminist research and teaching, and women's studies nationally and internationally


Feminist Archive North 

Feminist Archive North holds a wide variety of material relating to the Women’s Liberation Movement (WLM) from 1969 to the present. Topics covered by FAN include the women’s peace movement, women’s studies, women and development, and violence against women 


Feminist Archive South

Feminist Archive South in Bristol, England, houses national and international material relating to the history of feminism, c.1960-2000. The archive has recently been awarded a grant from the HLF to catalogue Ellen Malos’ archive


Feminist Audio Books

Feminist Audio Books is a postal library service offering audio books on loan to women in UK who do not find print easy to use. Feminist, women-focused and lesbian books


Feminist Library

The Feminist Library in London is an archive collection of Women’s Liberation Movement literature, particularly second-wave materials dating from the late 1960s to the 1990s


Football Association (FA)

The FA is the governing body of English football, The FA Cup and the England team


Fragen Project at the Aletta Archive

The Fragen Project aims to collect the most important texts from the feminist movements of the second part of the 20th century


Glasgow School of Art

Glasgow School of Art is a university-level institution for creative education and research in fine art, design and architecture


Guerilla Girls

Guerilla Girls is a feminist group that aims to expose sexism, racism and corruption in politics, art, film and pop culture


Hall-Carpenter Archive at LSE

The Hall-Carpenter Archive is the largest source for the study of gay activism in Britain, which followed the publication of the Wolfenden Report in 1957.


History Workshop Journal

The History Workshop Journal is a forum that 'offers debates, reflections, tools, and resources for anyone interested in connecting historical research with present-day politics, whether through engagement with public history, social history, the history of sexuality and gender, or intimate histories of everyday life’


Inclusion London

Inclusion London is an organisation promoting equality for deaf and disabled people in London


Jacky Fleming

Jacky Fleming is a cartoonist and feminist whose work has appeared in Spare Rib as well as in a series of books including Be a Bloody Train Driver (London: Pengiun, 1991)


Kick It Out

Kick It Out is an equality and inclusion campaign for football


Leeds Animation Workshop

Leeds Animation Workshop was set up in 1976 to produce and distribute animated films on social issues. The Workshop also runs short introductory courses in animation


London Feminist Film Festival

London Feminist Film Festival is an organisation set up to 'as a response to the under representation of women in the film industry, as well as to the lack of films addressing feminist issues and the fact that the representation of women on screen is often narrow and stereotypical.'


Man Booker Prize

The Man Booker Prize is an annual literary prize that 'aims to promote the finest in fiction by rewarding the best novel of the year written by a citizen of the United Kingdom, the Commonwealth or the Republic of Ireland.'


Men Get Eating Disorders Too

Men Get Eating Disorders Too is a charity raising awareness of men's eating disorders and supporting sufferers


Mental Health Foundation

Mental Health Foundation is a charity aiming to improve the lives of people with mental health problems



Militarism is the belief that a country should maintain a strong military capability and be prepared to use it aggressively to defend or promote national interests


Million Women Rise

Million Women Rise is a global campaigning organisation that aims to stamp out all violence against all women and girls



Mind is a UK charity supporting people with mental health problems


National Assembly for Wales / Cynulliad Cenedlaethol Cymru

The National Assembly for Wales / Cynulliad Cenedlaethol Cymru is the democratically elected body that represents the interests of Wales and its people, makes laws for Wales, and holds the Welsh Government to account


National Childbirth Trust

The National Childbirth Trust is a UK charity for parents - advice, information and introductions to local networks


National Coal Mining Museum

The National Coal Mining Museum is a museum that 'aims to keep coal mining alive by collecting and preserving the industry’s rich heritage, creating enjoyable and inspiring ways to learn for people of all ages, backgrounds and abilities.'


National Organisation for Women (NOW)

NOW is the largest organization of feminist activists in the USA. It was founded in 1966 and currently has 500,000 contributing members


National Self Harm Network

The National Self Harm Network is a charity providing advice and support for people who self-harm


NHS Choices

NHS Choices offers a range of advice and information on health services and provision



Object is an organisation that challenges ''‘sex object culture" – the sexual objectification of women through lads' mags, lap dancing clubs or sexist advertising


Organisation of Women of Asian and African Descent (OWAAD)

OWAAD was formed in 1978. It was an umbrella group bringing together black women's organisations related to different issues


Oral history of the miners strike

Paul Gibbon’s Oral history of the miners strike aims to ‘provide a systematic narrative of the strike and its aftermath, focused on a single village, and based on recorded interviews with local activists’


Our Bodies Ourselves (OBOS)

OBOS, also known as the Boston Women's Health Book Collective, is a global nonprofit, public interest organization based in Cambridge, Mass. It is a vitally important text to the WLM



Patriarchy is a system of society or government in which men hold the power and women are largely excluded from it


Pioneers of Qualitative Research Collection

Pioneers of Qualitative Research Collection is a website exploring the social research pioneers in Britain from the 1940s to the 1970s


Pluto Press

Pluto Press is a radical publishers, specialising in progressive, critical perspectives in politics and the social sciences.


Rape Crisis

Rape Crisis is the umbrella organisation for Rape Crisis centres across England and Wales. Scotland's organisation is Rape Crisis Scotland, and Ireland's organisation is Rape Crisis Network Ireland.


Scottish Government / Riaghaltas na h-Alba

The Scottish Government / Riaghaltas na h-Alba is the devolved government for Scotland


Scottish Parliament / Pàrlamaid na h-Alba

The Scottish Parliament / Pàrlamaid na h-Alba is the Scottish law-making body for devolved matters


Shakti Women's Aid

Shakti Women's Aid is an organisation based in Edinburgh, working since 1986 to offer support, advocacy and information to all black / minority ethnic women, children and young people experiencing and/or fleeing domestic abuse


Sheba Feminist Press

Sheba Feminist Press was an independent feminist publisher established in 1980


Southall Black Sisters

Southall Black Sisters is a not-for-profit organisation set up in 1979 to meet the needs of black (Asian and African-Caribbean) and minority ethnic women


Straw Works

Straw Works is a building company that creates 'beautiful and durable residential and commercial buildings using straw bales and natural material.'


Subverting Stereotypes: Asian Women’s Political Activism: A Comparison of the Grunwick and Gate Gourmet disputes

Subverting Stereotypes is a website is based on an exhibition “Striking Women: Voices of South Asian women workers from Grunwick and Gate Gourmet” at The Women's Library, 2009-2010



A suffragette was a campaigner for women's suffrage willing to undertake militant action or to break the law



A suffragist was a campaigner for women's suffrage who believed in constitutional methods of campaigning


The Women's Library

The Women's Library exists to document and explore the past, present and future lives of women in Britain and houses the most extensive resource for women's history in the UK. Recently moved to LSE


The Women's Press

The Women’s Press is an independent feminist publisher established 1978


Trade Union Congress (TUC)

The TUC represents many of Britain's workers. It has 54 affiliated unions representing 6.2 million working people. It negotiates in Europe, and at home build links with political parties, business, local communities and wider society.


Turner Prize

The Turner Prize is an annual art prize awarded to 'an artist under 50, living, working or born in Britain for an outstanding exhibition in the previous 12 months.'


Unfinished Histories of Alternative Theatre

Unfinished Histories is a project recording British Alternative Theatre, 1968 -88, through interviews and the collecting of archive material


United Nations

The United Nations is an international organization founded in 1945 after the Second World War by 51 countries committed to maintaining international peace and security, developing friendly relations among nations and promoting social progress, better living standards and human rights.


Virago Press

Virago Press is a publisher of books by women, established in 1973


Wales University Press

Wales University Press is a press established in 1922, owned by the University of Wales


Welsh Government / Llwodraeth Cymru

The Welsh Government / Llwodraeth Cymru is the devolved government for Wales


Whole World Design

Whole World Design is a coaching and training consultancy


Winning Equal Pay (TUC / London Met)

Winning Equal Pay: the value of women's work is part of The Union Makes Us Strong website and is a partnership initiative between London Metropolitan University and the Trades Union Congress to record the long campaign to achieve equal pay for women.


Witness Workshops

Witness Workshops are oral history workshops organised by Dr Rachel Cohen. Workshops explored history of the WLM across the UK.


Women and the Church (WATCH)

WATCH is an organisation that campaigns for women's equal representation in the church


Women in Black

Women in Black is a world-wide network of women committed to peace with justice and actively opposed to injustice, war, militarism and other forms of violence.


Women in Football

Women in Football is a network of professional women working in and around football industry


Women in Publishing

Women in Publishing is an organisation working to promote the status of women in publishing


Women's Aid

Women’s Aid is a national charity working to end violence against women and children. Supports a network of over 500 domestic and sexual violence services across the UK. Other Women's Aid networks include Scottish Women's Aid, Women's Aid Ireland, Women's Aid Federation Northern Ireland, Jewish Women's Aid and Solace Women's Aid.


Women's Art Library at Goldsmiths

Part of Goldsmiths, University of London, the Women's Art Library is 'a place for women artists to deposit unique documentation of their work.'


Women's Sport and Fitness Foundation

The Women’s Sport and Fitness Foundation works to tackle the things that put women off sport and fitness


Working Class Movement Library

The Working Class Movement Library is a collection that ' tells the story of Britain's working classes from the earliest days of industrialisation to the present day.'


World Council of Churches

The World Council of Churches is a worldwide fellowship of churches seeking unity, a common witness and Christian service.'