"In the meantime Drake and Fenner played hotly with their ordnance upon the Spanish fleet that was gathering together again over Gravelines, and they were presently joined by Fenton, Southwell, Beeston, Crosse and the Lord Admiral himself, Lord Thomas Howard.
The Spaniards got clear of the shallows and sustained a charge as much as they could since their ships were much torn and shot throughout.
The galleon Santa Matteo was taken, and the whole Spanish fleet most grievously distressed all the day long."
Extract from the 1625 edition of William Camden's Annals of the Reign of Elizabeth to 1588, first published in 1615.
William Camden was a teacher, scholar and historian. He was a teacher and eventually headmaster at Westminster School from 1575 to the 1590s. He lived through much of Elizabeth's reign, and his account reflect the positive view of that reign which many people felt. At the time it was written, relations between Protestant England and Catholic Spain had improved since Elizabeth's time. However, there was still a good deal of nationalist rivalry between the two countries.
The extract is an account of one incident during the running battle between the English fleet and the Spanish Armada. The extract has a rather triumphant feel to it. Historians need to ask themselves how far this is history, and how far it is patriotic celebration.