James II and William of Orange

Was the seizure of the English throne by William of Orange an invasion or a revolution?

King William III
 
King James II
King James II

Portrait of King William Portrait of King James

In 1688, King James II abandoned his throne and fled from England, leaving the country to be ruled jointly by William of Orange and his wife Mary.

Both James and William felt that they had good reason to be King. Here you can read personal accounts by each man setting out their reasons for their actions.

Find out what their opposing opinions were and how convincing you think they are.

Take a close-up look at the language of these two 17th century documents from the British Library.