Anne Frank

Anne Frank's diary has become famous throughout the world. The diary provides a vivid and poignant glimpse into the world of a young Jewish girl living in Nazi occupied Holland. Anne wrote diary while hiding from the Nazis in an Amsterdam warehouse. She was just 13 when she and her family went into hiding. For two years the Franks lived in a secret annex at the back Mr Frank's business premises on Prinsengracht Street. Their living space was hidden by a movable bookshelf.

Anne was born in Frankfurt in 1929, and her parents fled from Nazi Germany for Amsterdam in 1933. Germany invaded Holland in 1940 and, a year later, all public schools were closed to Jews. The following year Jewish deportations from Holland began, under the guise of forced labour in the East. It was at this point that Anne's family decided to go into hiding. The Frank family remained in their hiding place from 9 July 1942 to 4 August 1944, together with four other Jews, kept alive with the help of their non-Jewish Dutch office workers. They were eventually betrayed, and the family was deported to Westerbork camp and then to Auschwitz-Birkenau. In November 1944 Anne arrived with her sister Margot in Bergen-Belsen, where she fell ill and died of typhus in March 1945.

Anne had hoped to become an author, and during her time in hiding she wrote several short stories as well as her diary. Immediately following the arrest of Anne's family, Miep, one of the Dutch office workers, found Anne's diary, which she kept, hoping to return it to Anne after the war. Anne's father Otto Frank survived the Holocaust and after he received confirmation that both Margot and Anne were dead, Miep handed him Anne's diary realising this was Anne's lasting legacy. Having read its pages, Otto Frank agonised over whether he should publish her private thoughts. He knew Anne had always wanted to be a writer and he consulted various people about his dilemma. He finally decided to find a publisher for the diary.

Anne Frank has become a famous name because of her poignant diary, which has been translated into many languages. Anne Frank's diary describes the frightening period experienced by Anne, her family and friends in the annexe. It also expresses her hopes and aspirations for the future, which were never to be realised.