The Communist Manifesto
Manifesto of the Communist Party
A Spectre haunts Europe - the spectre of communism. All the powers of old Europe have entered into a holy alliance in order to lay this spectre: pope and tsar; Metternich and Guizot; French radicals and German police.
Where is the opposition party which has not been stigmatised as communist by those who wield power? Where is the opposition party which has not hurled back this scandalous charge of communism in the teeth of its adversaries, whether progressive or reactionary?
Two things may be deduced from this:
1.Communism is already acknowledged by all the European powers to be itself a power.
2.It is time for the communists to make open proclamation of their outlook, their aims, their trends; and to confront the old wives' tale of a communist spectre with a manifesto of their own party.
To this end, communists of various nationalities have foregathered in London and have drafted the following manifesto, which will be published in English, French, German, Italian, Flemish, and Danish.