Glossographia - Cooks, Vintners and Tailors
religious Orders; as Carmelites, Carthusians, Cistursians, Theatins, Bonhomes, &c. So like both of antient and modern Sects; as Arrians,
Eutychians, Jacobites, &c. Anabaptists, Arminians, Erastians, Thraskites, Socinians, Quakers, &c.
In Books of Divinity, I found Sanhedrim, Urim, and Thummim, Shibboleth, Hypostatical, Circumincession, Introversion, Extroversion, &c.
In every Mercurius, Coranto, Gazet, or Diurnal, I met with Camizado’s, Pallizado’s, Lantspezado’s, Brigades, Squadrons, Curasiers, Bonmine, Halts, Jungas’s, Paroles, &c.
In the mouths of common people, I heard of Piazza, Balcone, &c. in
Nay, to that pass we are now arrived, that in London many of the Tradesmen have new Dialects; The Cook asks you what Dishes you will have in your Bill of Fare; whether Olia’s, Bisques, Hachies, Omelets, Bouillon’s, Gilliades, Joncades, Fricasses; with a Hautgoust, Ragoust, &c.
The Vintner will furnish you with Montefiascone, Alicant, Vernaccia, Rivolla, Tent, &c. Others with Sherbert, Agro di Cedro, Coffa, Chocolate &c.
The Shoo-maker will make you Boots, Whole Chase, Demi-Chase, or Bottines, &c.
The Barber will modifie your Beard into A la Manchint, a la
The Haberdasher is ready to furnish with a Vigone, Codebec, or Castor, &c. The Semstress with a Crabbat, Toylet, &c.
By this new world of Words, I found we were slipt into that condition which Seneca complains of in his time; When mens minds once begin to enure themselves to dislike, whatever is usual is disdained: They affect novelty in speech, they recal oreworn and uncouth words, they forge new phrases, and that which is newest is best liked; there is presumptuous, and far fetching of words: And some there are that think it a grace, if their speech hover, and thereby hold the hearer in suspence, &c.
I believ’d my self not singular in this ignorance; and that few, without the help of a Dictionary, would be able to understand our ordinary English Books. I found nothing considerable in this kinde extant, though now many make it their study to be learned in our own language; and I remember Anstotles, Verba valent in usu sicut & nummi. For these Reasons, and to indulge my own fancy, I began to compile this Work; which has taken me up the vacancy of above Twenty years.
Besides the Words of the nature before specified, you have here such and so many of the most useful Law Terms as I thought necessary for every Gentleman.