Dictionarium Britannicum - Pediculation



Breast-Bone, and all the Endings of the upper Ribs, and is implanted in the upper Part of the Shoulder-Bone.


PECTORA’LE, a Breast-plate. L.


PE’CTORALS [in Medicine] are Remedies proper to strengthen and relieve the Breast and Stomach; or good against the Diseases of them.


PECTORIS Os [with Anatomists] the same as Sternum, L.


PE’CTORALNESS [of pectoralis, L. and ness] stomachick Quality.


PE’CULATE [in Civil Law] the Crime of Pilfering the publick Money, by a Person who manages it, or in whose Custody it is reposited.


PECULA’TION, a Robbing or Cheating the Publick.


PECU’LIAR [peculiaris, L.] singular, particular, private, proper.


A PECULIAR, a particular Parish or Church that has Jurisdiction within it self for a Probate of Wills, &c. being exempt from the Ordinary of the Bishop’s Courts. Thus the King’s Chapel is a Royal Peculiar, free from all spiritual Jurisdiction, and only governed by the King himself as supreme Ordinary.


PECU’LIARLY [peculiariter, L.] after a peculiar Manner.


PECU’LIARNESS [peculiarité, F. of L.] Peculiarity.


Court of PECU’LIARS,  a Court which takes Cognisance of those Matters which relate to such Parishes as are exempt from the Jurisdiction of the Bishop in some Dioceses, and belong peculiarly to the Archbishop of Canterbury.


PECU’NIA, Money, L.


PECU’NIA Sepulchralis, Money anciently paid to the Priest, at the Opening of the Sepulchre, for the Benefit of the departed Soul.


PECU’NIA [among the Romans] Money. A Deity which, as they held, presided over Riches; who had a son named Argentinus, whom they adored that they might grow rich.


PECU’NIARY [pecuniarius, L.] of or pertaining to Money.


PECUNIO’SITY [pecuniositas, L.] Fullness of Money.


PECU’NIOUS [pecuniosus, L.] full of Money.


PE’CUNIUS, a Deity of the antient Prussians, in Honour of whom they kept a Fire of Oak perpetually burning; which if it happened to go out by the Priest’s Neglect, he was put to Death. When it thunder’d, they imagined that their grand Priest conversed with their God; and for that Reason fell prostrate on the Earth, praying for seasonable Weather.


PED Ware, Pulse as Peas, Beans. &c.


PE’DAGE, Money paid for passing on Foot or on Horseback thro’ any Forest, &c.


PEDAGO’GICAL [? Gr.] pertaining to an Instructor of Youth, or to discipline.


PE’DAGOGUE  [? Gr.] an Instructor of Youth.


PE’DAGOGY [pædagogia, L. of ? Gr.] Instruction, Discipline.


PE’DAL [pedalis, L.] of or pertaining to a Foot in Measure.


PEDA’LE [Ant. Writ.] a Foot-cloth, a Carpet laid on the Ground to tread on.


PE’DALS [pedales, L.] the large Pipes of an Organ, so called because play’d and stopp’d with the Foot.


PEDA’NEUS [Civil Law] a Petty Judge, who has no formal Seat of Justice; but hears Causes standing, and without any tribunal.


PEDA’NEOUS [pedaneus, L.] going on Foot, as a pedaneous Traveller.


PE’DANT, a School-Master who professes to instruct and govern Youth, to teach them Humanities and the Arts.


PE’DANT, an unpolish’d stiff Man of Learning, who makes an impertinent Use of the Sciences, abounds in unseasonable Observations and Criticism.


PEDA’NTICK [of peaantesque, F.] of or pertaining to or like a Pedant.


PEDA’NTICKNESS, pretence to, or Ostentatiousness of Scholarship


PEDANTI’ZING [of pedantizant, F.] playing the Pedant.


PE’DANTRY [pedanterie, F.] Pedantickness, Ostentatiousness of shewing Literature.


PEDA’NTISM, the Profession, or Practice, Quality, or Manner, of a Pedant.


PEDEE [of e pedibus, L.] a Foot-Boy.


PE’DERAST [? Gr.] a Sodomite, a Buggerer.


PE’DERASTY [? Gr.] Buggery, Sodomy.


PEDERE’RO, commonly call’d Petterero, a small Piece of Ordnance mostly used in Ships, to fire Stones, Nails, broken Iron, or Partridge shot, on an Enemy attempting to Board.



PEDIAE’US [Anat.] the second of the extensores pedis, L.


A PE’DESTAL [pedestalla, L. piedestallo, Ital.] that Part of a Pillar that supports it.


PE’DICLE [pediculus, L.] a little Foot.


PE’DICLE [with Botanists] a Foot Stalk, is that on which either a leaf, or Flower, or Fruit stands or hangs.


PEDI’CULA [Botany] the Herb Yellow-rattle Grass, or Cock’s-Comb, L.


PEDICULA’RIS morbus [with Physicians] the Lousy Disease.


PEDICULA’TION,  a particular foulness of the skin, very apt to breed lice; said to have been the Distemper of the Egyptians, and one of their Plagues, L.


PEDICULUS [Botany] the same as pedicle, L.


PEDIS abscissio [old Rec.] a Cutting off of the Foot, a Punishment of Criminals in former Times inflicted here instead of Death.


PE’DIGREE [q. degrez des peres, F. i.e. the Degrees of Fathers, or as others petendo gradum, deriving the Descent] a Descent form Ancestors, Stock or Race.


PEDILU’VIUM, a Sort of Bath for the Feet, L.


PE’DLAR [prob. of ?, Teut. a Beggar, Skinner’s; or of aller a pied, F. going a Foot, Minshew] one who sells small Wares about the Country.


PE’DDLING, little, small, trifling.


PEDU’NCULI [Anatomy] two Medullary Processes of Cerebellum, whereby that Part is joined to the Medulla oblongata.


PEDOBA’PTISM [of ? Gr.] Infant-Baptism.


PEDO’METER [of pedes, L. or ? Gr. a foot, and ? Measure] a Way-wiser, an Instrument compos’d of various Wheels with Teeth, which by a Chain fastened to a man’s Foot or Wheel of a Chariot, advance a Notch each Step or each Revolution of the /wheel; and the Number being mark’d on the Edge of each Wheel, the Paces may be numbered, or the Distance from one Place to another exactly measured.


PEDO’NES [old Rec.] Foot-Soldiers.



PE’QUE a Grudge, Spleen, Ill-Will against a Person.


PEEK [in Sea Language] is used variously


PEEK [in a Ship] a Room in the Hold, which reaches from the Bits forwards to the Stern.


To ride a PEEK [with Mariners] a Term used of a Ship, when she lies with her Main and fore Yards hoised up, having one End of the Yards brought down to the Shrowds and the other raised up on End; which is done chiefly when she lies at Rest in Rivers.


To be a PEEK [Sea Phrase] used of an Anchor, when the Cable is perpendicular between the Hawse through which it runs out and the Anchor.


To heave a PEEK, is to bring the Ship to the Position before-mentioned.


To PEEK the Missen [Sea Phrase] is to put the missen Yard right up, and down by the Mast.


To ride abroad PEEK [Sea Phrase] is much the same as riding a Peek; only the Yards are raised up half so high.


PEEL [with Printers] a wooden Instrument with which they hang up the printed Sheets to dry.


PEEL [pala, L. pale, F.] an Instrument to set Bread into an Oven; also a broad thin Board for carrying Pies, &c.


PEEL [peau, F. of pellis, L. a skin] the outmost Skin of Fruit.


PEE’LING [pelant of peler, F.] taking off the Skin or Rind; also the Peel or Rind of Fruit.


PEE’LING, a large Sort of excellent  Cyder-Apple.


To PEEP [pepire, L. pepier, F.] to cry like a Chicken.


To PEEP [incert. Etym.] to look thro’ a Hole or Chink; also to begin to grow out as Plants, Horns, &c.


PEER [prob. of perg, Teut. an Heap, &c. or ? Sax. ? Dan, or ? Sax. the Foot of an Hill] a Mole or Rampart raised in an Harbour to break the Force of the Sea; and of the better Security of the Ships that ride there.


PEER [in Architecture] a Kind of Pilaster or Buttress, raised for Support, Strength, and sometimes for Ornament.


To PEER at a Thing, to leer or peep at it.


PEER [of par, pares, L. Equals] a Nobleman of the House of Lords in Parliament; an Equal.


PEE’RAGE, Imposition or Tax for the Repairing and Keeping up Sea Peers.


PEE’RAGE [pairie, F.] the Dignity of a Peer.


To hold Land in PEE’RAGE [antient Customs] a Tenure which obliged the Person to assist the Lord’s Bailiff in his Judgements, as all the antient Vassals call’d Peers.


PEE’RDOM [of une pairie, F. and dom] a Peer’s Dignity annexed to a great Fee.


PEE’RESS, the Wife of a Peer





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