Dictionarium Britannicum - Fag Ends and Fairies
FA’CTORSHIP, the office or employment of a factor.
FACTORY (factorerie, Fr] a place, where a considerable number of factors reside for the conveniency of trade.
FACTOTUM [i.e. do all] one who manages all affairs in a family.
FACTUM [Arithmetick] the product of 2 quantities multiplied by each other, L.
FA’CTURE [factura, L.] the making or doing of a thing.
FA’CULA [with Astronomers] a name given to certain spots on the disk of the sun, that appear brighter and more lucid than the rest of his body.
FA’CULENCE [faculentia, L.] brightness, clearness.
FA’CULTIES [of faculté, F. facultas, L.] powers, abilities, talents, virtues, &c.
FA’CULTY [facultas, L.] the power or ability of performing any action; virtue, talent; also aptness, readiness.
Animal FACULTY, is that whereby an animal perceives and moves; or is that whereby the soul executes the offices of imagination, reasoning, sense, and motion.
Court of the FACULTIES, a court under the archbishop of
Master of the FACULTIES, the officer of the court of faculties.
Natural FACULTY, is that by which the body is nourished and increased, or another engendered like it, and is distinguished into 3 parts; nutrition, growth and generation.
Vital FACULTY, is that which preserves life in the body, and performs the functions of the pulse and respiration.
FACULTY [in a Civil Sense] a privilege or special power granted to a man, by favour indulgence or dispensation, to do that which by the common law he cannot do, as to marry without banes, to eat flesh in Lent, &c.
FACULTY, a body of doctors in any science; as the faculties of Divinity and Physick, Humanity or Philosophy and Jurisprudence.
FACU’ND [facundus, L.] eloquent.
FACU’NDIOUS [facundiosus, L.] full of eloquence.
To FADDLE, to dandle or make much of, to cherish.
Fiddle FADDLE, trifling, trifles.
To FADE [prob. of fade, F. impotent, flat, unsavoury, or of vadere, L. to go, i.e. to decay, or of vadden] to decay as a flower or colour does.
To FADGE [? sax] to agree, to succeed; to fit or suit with.
FA’DING [of vadens, L. or se vadant, F.] decaying as a flower, losing its colour, beauty, &c. perishing, languishing.
FA’DOM [? sax] a measure of 6 foot. See Fathom.
FÆ’CAL Matter [in Medicine] the fæces or great excrements of a man voided by stool, L.
FÆ’CES, the grounds or settlement of any liquor or metal; dregs, dross, &c. L.
FÆ’CES [with Chymists] the gross substance, dregs, settlement or impurities which settles after fermentation, or remains after the purer, more volatile and fluid parts have been separated after distillation, evaporation, decantation, L. &c.
FÆ’CULE, small dregs or flying lees; also the dust that stinks in the pressing of some plants, as in Arum, Briany, &c. also a sort of white powder made of certain green roots, wash’d and prepared, which, if beaten together with a little water and strained, will sink to the bottom of the vessel, and is to be afterwards lightly dried.
FAGONA [in Anatomy] a conglomerand gland, called also Thymus
FAG End [of ? sax, to join together] the latter end of cloth, &c.
FA’GOT [Fagot, F] a bundle of sticks or wood for fuel.
FA’GGOT, a badge which in times of popery was worn on the sleeve of the upper garments, by such persons who had recanted and abjured heresy.
FAGGOTS [with Military Men] are ineffective persons, who receive no regular pay, nor do any regular duty; but are hired occasionally to appear at a muster, and fill up the companies, and hide the real deficiences thereof.
FAGGOT of steel, 120 pound weight.
TO FAGGOT a Person, is to bind him hand and foot.
FAGOTTI’NO [in Musick Books] a single curtail, a musical instrument, somewhat like a bassoon, Ital.
FAGO’TTO, a double or large bass curtail, Ital.
FAGOTRITICUM [? Gr.] a kind of grain, buck-wheat, L.
FAGO’TTED [of Fagot, F.] tied up in a bundle; also bound hand and foot.
FA’GUS [with Botanists] the beech tree.
To FEIGN [feindre, Fr. of Fingere, L.] to make a shew of, to pretend.
To FAIL [faillir, F. fallere, L.] to do amiss, to come short of, to disappoint, to break as a tradesman.
To FAIL in the world, to break, to turn bankrupt.
FA’ILING [of faillant, F. fallens, L.] disappointing, frustrating; doing amiss, offending.
FAI’LING of Record [in Law] is when the defendant having a day to prove a matter by record, he fails or else brings in such an one, which is no bar to the action.
FAIN [?, Sax] earnestness of desire.
To FAINT [prob. of faner, F. to cause to decay] to grow low-spirited, to swoon.
FAINT Pleader [Law Term] false and deceitful.
To FAINT [prob. of faner, F. to cause to decay, or of vain, F. vanus, L.] to sink, languish or grow low in spirits, to swoon.
FAINT Action [in Law] is such an one, as that though the words of the writ are true, yet for certain causes, there is no title to recover thereby; whereas in a false action the words of the writ are false.
FA’INT-HEARTED [of faner or vain, F. of vanus, L. and ? Sax] void of courage, cowardly.
FAINT-HEARTEDNESS, want of courage, cowardliness.
FA’INTNESS, weakness, lowness or sinking of the animal spirits; feebleness; (spoken of colours) not deep or strong.
FAINT-VI’SION [in Opticks] is when a few rays make up one pencil; and though this may be distinct, yet it is obscure and dark, at least not so bright and strong, as if a great number of rays met together.
FAIR [?, Sax] clear skinned; also fair as water, beautiful; also upright, honest, just in dealing.
A FAIR [foire, F. feriæ, L. holidays on which fairs were usually kept, or of forum, L. a market] an annual or general market for a city or town.
FAI’RING [of une foire, F.] a gift or present bought at a fair or annual market.
FA’IRIES [some derive the name of ? Sax. a spirit, and others from Feé or Phée, F.] a terrible elf; but Skinner of ? Sax. to go or gad about; and Minshew from ?, EU. terrible] a kind of Genii or imaginary deities, a sort of little diminutive elves or spirits in human shape, fabled to haunt houses in companies to dance and revel in the night-time; and according to the tales of old women, in old time, play 1000 freakish pranks; some suppose them to be an intermediate kind of beings, neither gods nor angels, nor men nor devils.
FAIRY Ring an appearance pretty frequently seen in the fields, &c. being a kind of round, supposed by the vulgar to be traced by fairies in their dances. There are 2 sorts of these rings or circles; one of them is about 7 or 8 yards in diameter, being a round bare path about a foot in breadth, having green grass in the middle; the other is of different sizes, being encompassed with a circumference of grass, much fresher and greener than that in the middle.
The philosophers supposed these rings to be made by lightening, and this opinion seems to be confirmed, in that they are most frequently found after storms, and the colour and brittleness of the grass is further confirmation.
The second kind of circle they suppose to arise originally from the first, in that the grass that had been burnt up by lightening, usually grows more plentifully afterwards; some authors say, that these fairy rings are formed by ants; these insects being sometimes found travelling in troops therein.
FA’IRNESS [of ?, Sax] beautifulness; clearness of complexion, in opposition to swarthiness.
FA’IRNESS, justness, equity in dealing.
FAIR-PLEADING, a writ upon the statute of
FAIRY Sparks, an appearance often seen on clothes in the night, shell-fire.
FAIT, a fact, deed or action, F.
FAIT [in Common Law] a deed or writing sealed and delivered, to testifie and prove the agreement of the parties, whose deed it is, and consists of 3 principal points, writing, sealing and delivery, F.
FAITH [fides, L. foy, F.] belief, an assent of the mind to such matters, the reality of which depends upon testimony.
FAITH [in Sculpture, Painting, &c.] is represented as a woman clad in white rayment, holding a cup of gold.