Johnson's Dictionary - Oats

OA’RY. adj. [from oar.] Having the form or use of oars.

His hair transforms to down, his fingers meet

In skinny films, and shape his oary feet. Addison.

The swan with arched neck,

Between her white wings mantling, proudly rows

Her state with oary feet. Milton .


OAST. n.s. A kiln. Not in use.

Empty the binn into a hog-bag, and carry them immediately to the oast or kiln, to be dried. Mortimer


OATCAKE. n.s. [oat and cake.] Cake made of the meal of oats.

Take a blue stone they make haver or oatcakes upon, and lay it upon the cross bars of iron. Peacham.


OA’TEN. adj. [from oat.] Made of oats; bearing oats.

When shepherds pipe on oaten straws,

And merry larks are ploughmens clocks. Shakespeare.


OATH. n.s. [aith, gothick; ? Saxon. The distance between the noun oath, and the verb swear, is very observable, as it may shew that our oldest dialect is formed from different languages.] An affirmation, negation, or promise, corroborated by the attestation of the Divine Being.

Read over Julia’s heart, thy first best love,

For whose dear sake thou then did’st rend they faith

Into a thousand oaths; and all those oaths

Descended into perjury to love me. Shakespeare.

He that strikes the first stroke, I‘ll run him up to the hilts as I am a soldier.

-An oath of mickle might; and fury shall abate. Shakespeare.

We have consultations, which inventions shall be published, which not: and take an oath of secrecy for the concealing of those which we think fit to keep secret. Bacon.

Those called to any office of trust, are bound by an oath to the faithful discharge of it: but an oath is an appeal to God, and therefore can have no influence, except upon those who believe that he is. Swift.


OA’THABLE. adj. [from oath. A word not used. ] Capable of having an oath administered.

You’re not oathable,

Altho’ I know you’ll swear

Into strong shudders th’ immortal gods. Shakespeare.


OATHBREA’KING. n.s. [oath and break.] Perjury; the violation of an oath.

His oathbreaking he mended thus,

By now forswearing that he is forsworn. Shakesp.


OA’TMALT. n.s. [oat and malt] Malt made of oats.

In Kent they brew with one half oatmalt, and the other half barleymalt. Mortimer.



OA’TMEAL. n.s. [oat and meal.]Flower made by grinding oats.

Oatmeal and butter, outwardly applied, dry the scab on the head. Arbuthnot.

Our neighbours tell me oft, in joking talk,

Of ashes, leather, oatmeal, bran, and chalk. Gay


OA’TMEAL. n.s. An herb. Ainsworth.


OATS. n.s. [?, Saxon] A grain, which in England is generally given to horses, but in Scotland supports the people.

  It is of the grass leaved tribe; the flowers have no petals, and are disposed in a loose panicle: the grain is eatable. The meal makes tolerable good bread. Miller.

The oats have eaten the horses. Shakespeare.

It is bare mechanism, no otherwise produced than the turning of a wild oat beard, by the insinuation of the particles of moisture. Locke

For your lean cattle, fodder them with barley straw first, and the oat straw last. Mortimer.

His horse’s allowance of oats and beans, was greater than the journey required. Swift.


OA’TTHISTLE. n.s. [oat and thistle.] An herb. Ains.


OBAMBULA’TION. n.a. [obambulatio, from obambulo, Latin.]

The act of walking about. Dict.


To OBDU’CE. v.a. [obduco, Latin.] To draw over as a covering.

No animal exhibits its face in the native colour of its skin but man; all others are covered with feathers, hair, or a cortex that is obduced over the cutis. Hale.


OBDUC’TION. n.s. [from obdurate.] inflexible wickedness; impenitence; hardness of heart.

Thou think’st me as far in the Devil’s book, as thou and Falstaff, for obduracy and persistency. Shakespeare.

God may, by a mighty grace, hinder the absolute completion of sin in final obduracy. South.


OBDURATE. adj. [obduratus, Latin.]

1. Hard of heart; inflexibly obstinate in ill; hardned; impenitent.

Oh! let me teach thee for they father’s sake,

That gave thee life, when well he might have slain thee;

Be not obdurate, open thy deaf ears. Shakespeare.


If when you make your pray’rs,

God should be so obdurate as yourselves,

How would it fare with your departed souls? Shakesp.

Women are soft, mild, pitiful, and flexible;

Thou stern, obdurate, flinty, rough, remorseless. Shakesp.

To convince the proud what signs avail,

Or wonders move th’ obdurate to relent;

They harden’d more, by what mights more reclaim. Milt.

Obdurate as you are, oh! hear at least

My dying prayers, and grant my last request. Dryden.

2. Hardned; firm; stubborn.

Sometimes the very custom of evil makes the heart obdurate against whatsoever instructions to the contrary. Hooker.

A pleasing sorcery could charm

Pain for a while, or anguish, and excite

Fallacious hope, or arm th’ obdurate breast

With stubborn patience, as with triple steel. Milton .

No such thought ever strikes his marble, obdurate heart, but it presently flies off and rebounds from it. It is impossible for a man to be thorough-paced in ingratitude, till he has shook off all fetters of pity and compassion. South.

3. Harsh; rugged.

They joined the most obdurate consonants without one intervening vowel. Swift.


OBDU’RATELY. adv. [from obdurate.] Stubbornly; inflexibly; impenitently.


OBDU’RATENESS. n.s. [from obdurate.] Stubbornness; inflexibility; impenitence.


OBDURA’TION. n.s. [from obdurate.] Hardness of heart; stubbornness.

What occasion it had given them to think, to their greater obduration in evil, that through a froward and wanton desire of innovation, we did constrainedly those things, for which conscience was pretended? Hooker.


OBDU’RED. adj. [obduratus, Latin.] Hardned; inflexible; impenitent.

This saw his hapless foes, but stood obdur’d,

And to rebellious fight rallied their pow’rs

Insensate. Milton


OBE’DIENCE. n.s. [obedience, Fr. obedientia, Latin.] Obsequiousness; submission to authority; compliance with command or prohibition.

If you violently proceed against him, it would shake in pieces the heart of his obedience. Shakespeare.

The husband

Craves no other tribute a thy hands,

But love, fair looks, and true obedience. Shakesp.

His servants ye are, to whom ye obey, whether of sin unto death, or of obedience unto righteousness. Rom.

It was both a strange commission, and a strange obedience to a commission, for men so furiously assailed, to hold their hands. Bacon.

Nor can this be,

But by fulfilling that which thou didst want,

Obedience to the law of God, impos’d

On penalty of death. Milton .


OBE’DIENT. adj. [obediens, Latin.] Submissive to authority; compliant with command or prohibition; obsequious.

To this end did I write, that I might know the proof of you, whether ye be obedient in all things. 2 Cor.

To this her mother’s plot

She, seemingly obedient, likewise hath

Made promise. Shakespeare.

He humbled himself, and became obedient unto death. Phil. ii. 8.

Religion hath a good influence upon the people, to make them obedient to government, and peaceable one towards another. Tillotson.

The chief his orders gives; th’obedient band,

With due observance, wait the chief’s command. Pope.


OBE’DIENTIAL. adj. [obedientiel, Fr. from obedient.] According to the rule of obedience.

Faith is such as God will accept of, when it affords fiducial reliance on the promises, and obediential submission to the command. Hammond .

Faith is then perfect, when it produces in us a fiduciary assent to whatever the gospel has revealed, and an obediential submission to the commands. Wake.


OBE’DIENTLY. adv. [from obedient.] With obedience.

We should behave ourselves reverently and obediently towards the divine Majesty, and justly and charitable towards man. Tillotson.


OBE’ISANCE. n.s. [obeisance, Fr. this word is formed by corruption from abaisance, an act of reverence.] A bow; a courtesy; an act of reverence made by inclination of the body or knee.

Bartholomew my page,

See drest in all suits like a lady;

Then call him Madam, do him all obeisance. Shakespeare.

Bathsheba bowed and did obeisance unto the king. I Kings.







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