Facts opposed to Falsehood is a collection of material documenting a legal case, in which a group of sailors are accused of smuggling. The sailors of The Daphne were alledged to have smuggled a variety of goods including tobacco, gin and snuff. They were also accused of capturing another ship, The Clarissa.
The records consist of affidavits, dialogues, and desciptions of proceedings at the Court of Admiralty. It is stated in the preface that the sailors' clandestine activities are 'little superior to licensed Piracy upon the Property of Foreign Nations', and that these people are 'hourly plundering the Revenues of their own Country.' This legal case, explains the author, 'demonstrates the necessity of some additional guard against the effects of complicated perjury and forgery.'