SECOND EDITION 1989

recipe, v. and n.

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( {sm}r{ope}s{shti}pi{lm} [L. recipe take (2nd sing. imp. of recip{ebreve}re to RECEIVE ), used by physicians (abbreviated R, {recipe}) to head prescriptions, and hence applied to these and similar formulae. So F. récipé (15th c.).] 

    {dag}A. v. imp. = ‘Take’. Obs.

c1400 1543
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   c1400 Lanfranc's Cirurg. 81 Recipe litargium as myche as {th}ou wolt. a1500 Harl. MS. 5401 in Babees Bk. 53 Recipe brede gratyd, & eggis. 1543 TRAHERON Vigo's Chirurg. 52b/1 Recipe of syrupe de besantiis, of syrupe of roses. a1652 BLOOMFIELD Blossoms xiii. in Ashm. (1652) 308 Some..unto thee shall say, Recipe this, and that, with a thousand things more.
 

    B. n.

    1. Med. A formula for a medical prescription; a prescription, or the remedy prepared in accordance with this.

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   1584 R. PARSONS Leicester's Commw. (1641) 23 Hee died in the way of an extreame Flux, caused by an Italian Recipe. 1622 MABBE tr. Aleman's Guzman d' Alf. I. 31 Hee would thrust his hand into his Satchell,..and then would hee take forth one of his recipe's. 1697 TUTCHIN Search Honesty ix, They, with their Recipes, Corrupt our Blood. 1742 BLAIR Grave 333 Where are thy recipes and cordials now? 1801 WOLCOTT (P. Pindar) Tears & Smiles Wks. 1812 V. 50 To bring her back to health again Of recipes a score. 1899 Allbutt's Syst. Med. VIII. 579 It would be useless to try to enumerate all the..drugs, and recipes for their application, which have been tried.
 

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  transf. a1679 T. GOODWIN Unregen. Man's Guilt. XIII. viii. Wks. 1865 X. 546 Those two known cordial recipes..commonly taken by most Christians in their distresses. 1865 CARLYLE Fredk. Gt. IX. x. (1872) III. 151 But Friedrich Wilhelm steps in with a healing recipe: ‘Let there be Four Reich's-Feldmarschalls’.
 

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  attrib. 1674 R. GODFREY Inj. & Ab. Physic Pref., Many of those Recipe-Medicines..do more harm than good. 1781 J. RIPLEY Sel. Orig. Lett. 113 Every author (before..Dr. Brachin) appears to me only recipe men, and smatterers in farriery.
 

    2. A statement of the ingredients and procedure necessary for the making or compounding of some preparation, esp. of a dish in cookery; a receipt. Also fig.

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   1716 T. CAVE Let. 5 Oct. in M. M. Verney Verney Lett. 18th Cent. (1930) II. xxii. 45 Sister Lovett and I greatly admire the Ink you wrote last with,..but dare not wish for the Recipe it being no doubt a Secrett. 1743 H. WALPOLE Let. 12 Oct., Recipes for pastry ware. 1775 R. CHANDLER Trav. Asia Minor lvii. 195 The epicure will not lament that the entire recipe has not reached us. 1846 GREENER Sci. Gunnery 177 The best method of staining barrels is by the following recipe;..1 oz. Muriate Tincture of Steel [etc.]. 1853 A. SOYER Pantroph. 289 Two thousand years have elapsed since Cato wrote the recipe for his somewhat heavy tart. 1947 [see PROMOTING vbl. n. 3]. 1969 Times 12 May 16/3 The D.N.A. molecules in the cells of normal people contain a chemical recipe for manufacturing ordinary haemoglobin. 1981 Times 9 Apr. 9/7 Another recipe made especially for Easter is fritters of soft ricotta cheese.
 

    3. transf. A means (actual or suggested) for attaining or effecting some end.

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   a1643 SUCKLING Let. Wks. (1646) 69 To marry is the best Recipe for living honest. 1675 Art Contentm. x. §11 (1684) 234 When those are precluded, for all the rest St. Pauls recipe is a catholicon, ‘Be careful for nothing’. 1789 H. WALPOLE Let. 14 Aug., Easy as I call this recipe, you, I believe, would find it..difficult to execute. 1820 SCOTT Abbot xxvi, We have the Plague proposing us a visit, the best of all recipes for thinning a land. 1876 MOZLEY Univ. Serm. i. 23 This Corporation has one recipe against all difficulties{em}organisation.
 

    4. Comb., as recipe-book, a book containing recipes, a cookery-book; also fig.

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   1872 Young Englishwoman Dec. 662 Recipes of practical utility will appear..to be neatly copied into their recipe-books. 1952 M. LASKI Village iii. 62 To have read the recipe-books and produced appetising meals for her family would have meant, to her, willing acceptance of..servitude. 1964 P. STREVENS in D. Abercrombie et al. Daniel Jones 125 Teaching grammars in the future..will be superior..to those of the past which have simply been grammar-teaching recipe-books. 1976 L. DEIGHTON Twinkle, twinkle, Little Spy xiv. 140 Bessie Mann was asking me how many kids we were going to have, and I found myself looking at recipe books and baby carriages.
 

DRAFT ADDITIONS JUNE 2002

    recipe, n.

  * recipe dish Brit. (chiefly in the food industry), a meal which would ordinarily require lengthy preparation, sold ready-made and requiring only to be heated or cooked before consumption.

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  1986 Independent 17 Nov. 21/6 Like *recipe dishes, house plants sell on fat margins. 1998 Scotsman (Electronic ed.) 17 Dec., It [sc. a merger of companies] is within our core strategy of manufacturing ethnic and speciality foods and allows us to enter the chilled recipe dish market. 2001 Grocer (Nexis) 29 Sept. 44 [British] consumers..demand quality and authenticity. As a result, our recipe dish and convenience food manufacturers are now world leaders.
 

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