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Poet Rabindranath Tagore won the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1913 for his collection Gitanjali published in London in 1912. The prize gained even more significance by being given to an Indian for the first time. This honour established Tagore’s literary reputation worldwide.
Tagore returned his Knighthood for Services to Literature, which he was awarded in 1915, in protest against the 1919 Amritsar Massacre.
Tagore was also well known as an artist and educational theorist. His school at Santiniketan and Viswa-Bharati University focused on developing the child’s imagination and had a lasting impact on pedagogy. Santiniketan engaged many scholars from across the world, including his English friends, Oxford professor E J Thompson, missionary C F Andrews and Lord Elmhirst, who emulated Tagore’s learning and teaching style at Dartington Hall, Devon.