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A timeline of the American Revolution from 1763 - 1787


1760s

1763
10 February

Signing of the Treaty of Paris
Ending the Seven Year’s War, also known as the French and Indian War in North America.  France ceded all mainland North American territories, except New Orleans, in order to retain her Caribbean sugar islands. Britain gained all territory east of the Mississippi River; Spain kept territory west of the Mississippi, but exchanged East and West Florida for Cuba. 
1763
7 October
Proclamation of 1763
Wary of the cost of defending the colonies, George III prohibited all settlement west of the Appalachian mountains without guarantees of security from local Native American nations. The intervention in colonial affairs offended the thirteen colonies' claim to the exclusive right to govern lands to their west.
1764
5 April
Sugar Act
The first attempt to finance the defence of the colonies by the British Government. In order to deter smuggling and to encourage the production of British rum, taxes on molasses were dropped; a levy was placed on foreign Madeira wine and colonial exports of iron, lumber and other goods had to pass first through Britain and British customs. The Act established a Vice-Admiralty Court in Halifax, Nova Scotia to hear smuggling cases without jury and with the presumption of guilt. These measures led to widespread protest.
1765
22 March
Stamp Act
Seeking to defray some of the costs of garrisoning the colonies, Parliament required all legal documents, newspapers and pamphlets required to use watermarked, or 'stamped' paper on which a levy was placed.
1765
15 May
Quartering Act
Colonial assemblies required to pay for supplies to British garrisons. The New York assembly argued that it could not be forced to comply.
1765
30 May
Virginian Resolution
The Virginian assembly refused to comply with the Stamp Act.
1765
7-25 October
Stamp Act Congress
Representatives from nine of the thirteen colonies declare the Stamp Act unconstitutional as it was a tax levied without their consent.
1766
18 March
Declaratory Act
Parliament finalises the repeal of the Stamp Act, but declares that it has the right to tax colonies
1767
29 June
Townshend Revenue Act (Townshend Duties)
Duties on tea, glass, lead, paper and paint to help pay for the administration of the colonies, named after Charles Townshend, the Chancellor of the Exchequer. John Dickinson publishes Letter from a Philadelphian Farmer in protest. Colonial assemblies condemn taxation without representation.
1768
1 October
British troops arrive in Boston in response to political unrest.

1770s

1770
5 March

Boston Massacre
Angered by the presence of troops and Britain's colonial policy, a crowd began harassing a group of soldiers guarding the customs house; a soldier was knocked down by a snowball and discharged his musket, sparking a volley into the crowd which kills five civilians.

1770
12 April
Repeal of the Townshend Revenue Act
1772
10 June
Burning of the Gaspee
The revenue schooner Gaspee ran aground near Providence, Rhode Island and was burnt by locals angered by the enforcement of trade legislation.
1773
July
Publication of Thomas Hutchinson letters
In these letters, Hutchinson, the Massachusetts governor, advocated a 'great restraint of natural liberty', convincing many colonists of a planned British clamp-down on their freedoms.
1773
10 May
Tea Act
In an effort to support the ailing East India Company, Parliament exempted its tea from import duties and allowed the Company to sell its tea directly to the colonies. Americans resented what they saw as an indirect tax subsidising a British company.
1773
16 December

Boston Tea Party
Angered by the Tea Acts, American patriots disguised as Mohawk Indians dump £9,000 of East India Company tea into the Boston harbour.

1774
May to June
Intolerable Acts
Four measures which stripped Massachusetts of self-government and judicial independence following the Boston Tea Party. The colonies responded with a general boycott of British goods.
1774
September
Continental Congress
Colonial delegates meet to organise opposition to the Intolerable Acts.
1775
19 April
Battles of Lexington and Concord
First engagements of the Revolutionary War between British troops and the Minutemen, who had been warned of the attack by Paul Revere.
1775
16 June
Continental Congress appoints George Washington commander-in-chief of Continental Army; issued $2 million bills of credit to fund the army.
1775
17 June
Battle of Bunker Hill
The first major battle of the War of Independence. Sir William Howe dislodged William Prescott's forces overlooking Boston at a cost of 1054 British casualties to the Americans' 367.
1775
5 July
Olive-Brach Petition
Congress endorses a proposal asking for recognition of American rights, the ending of the Intolerable Acts in exchange for a cease fire. George III rejected the proposal and on 23 August 1773 declared the colonies to be in open rebellion.
1776
9 January
Thomas Paine's Common Sense published anonymously in Philadelphia
1776
2 May
France provides covert aid to the Americans
1776
4 July
Continental Congress issues the Declaration of Independence
1775-1776
Winter
Invasion of Canada by Benedict Arnold
1776
August - December
Battles of Long Island and White Plains
British forces occupy New York after American defeats.
1776
26 December
Battle of Trenton, New Jersey, providing a boast to American morale.
1777
2-3 January
Battle of Princeton, New Jersey.
General Washington broke camp at Trenton to avoid a British advance, attacking the British rearguard and train near Princeton and then withdrawing to Morristown.
1777
13 October
British surrender of 5,700 troops at Saratoga.
Lacking supplies, 5,700 British, German and loyalist forces under Major General John Burgoyne surrender to Major General Horatio Gates in a turning point in the Revolutionary War.
1778
6 February
France recognises US Independence.

1780s

1780
16 August
US Defeat at battle of Camden
1781
1 March
Ratification of the Articles of Confederation
1781
5 September
Battle of the Capes, denying British reinforcements or evacuation.
1781
18 October
Surrender of British forces under Cornwallis at Yorktown.
1782
5 March
British Government authorises peace negotiations.
1783
3 September
Treaty of Paris, formally ending the Revolutionary War
1786-1787
Shays’s Rebellion
Massachusetts rebellion led by the Revolutionary War veteran Daniel Shays against high taxes.
1787
25 May
Constitutional Convention
1787
Adoption of the American Constitution

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Discover more:
Introduction
Timeline
The North American
Colonies and the British
empire
Costs of empire:
the stamp act crisis
Pamphlet war and the
Boston massacre
War of independence
Peace of Paris
British revival
Dawn of the American republic
Rights and liberties: the legacy of the American revolution
Further reading and links

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