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Harold Pinter (1930 - 2008)
Literature 2005: find out more from Nobel Museum.
Listen On winning the Nobel Prize: date of recording 20.10.2005.
© The British Library Board
Harold Pinter was born in the London borough of Hackney. Initially an actor,
his breakthrough as a dramatist came with The Caretaker (1959),
followed by The Homecoming (1964). Pinter is perhaps the most significant
figure in British drama in the second half of the 20th century.
His theatre is pared down to its basic elements: an enclosed space
and unpredictable dialogue, where people are at the mercy of each
other. Since 1973, Pinter has won recognition as a fighter for human
rights. Recorded before a live audience at the Royal Court Theatre.
William Butler Yeats (1865 - 1939)
Literature 1923: find out more from Nobel
Lake Isle of Innisfree: date of broadcast 10.04.1932.
Born in Dublin and brought up in Sligo and London, Yeats was one
of those writers (along with J.M. Synge and Sean O'Casey) responsible
for the establishment of the literary movement known as the ‘Celtic
Revival’. W.B. Yeats was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature
in 1923. In the 1930s he made a handful of BBC broadcasts, in which
he reads a small number of his poems and talks generally on the
subjects of rhythm and modern poetry.
Albert Einstein (1879 - 1955)
Physics 1921: find out more from Nobel
post-war world [extract]: date of broadcast 10.12.1945.
This speech was broadcast on the day of the presentation of the
annual Nobel Prize in Physics, awarded in 1945 to Wolfgang Pauli
for his work on the development of atomic theory. Einstein takes
the opportunity to link the achievements of Alfred Nobel, the inventor
of dynamite, with the scientists who participated in the invention
of the atomic bomb, first deployed at Hiroshima, Japan, in August
earlier that year.