Garden Suburb Plan
The British Library
map of Hampstead Garden Suburb was produced during the initial stages
of the planning of the suburb. It offers insights into early 20th
century perceptions of the elements necessary for the ideal residential
environment. These elements, ranging from "church", to
"barns for tools", to "tenements for the old",
are represented on the map by numbers. Nos. 1 and 2 are "church"
and "chapel", no. 16 is "institute & club".
Elements which aid spiritual, physical and intellectual development
form a cluster at the top of the list.
Garden Suburb was founded in 1907. Whereas most previous planned
settlements in Britain had been created by a single landowner or
businessman, Hampstead Garden Suburb (like Letchworth Garden City)
was a co-operative endeavour by a group of like-minded citizens.
Garden Suburb owes its foundation to Henrietta Barnett (later Dame
Henrietta ) and Sir Raymond Unwin. Barnett, a cosmetics heiress,
was a social worker, and had spent 30 years working towards improving
the housing conditions of the poor in Whitechapel. Unwin, a mining
engineer turned architect and planner, was the co-creator of this
map. He had previously been the architect of New Earswick, Yorks.
and Letchworth, both planned settlements.
model for the suburb was the country town, with the emphasis on
the country rather than the town. The aim, in Unwin's words, was
to give "working people the opportunity of taking a cottage
with a garden within a 2d. fare of Central London."